Nissan Pulsar GTI-R
|Also called||Nissan Sunny GTI-R|
|Body style||3-door hatchback|
|Engine||230 PS (169 kW; 227 hp) 29 kg·m (280 N·m; 210 lb·ft) 2.0 L (1998 cc) SR20DET 4-cylinder 16-valve DOHC|
The Nissan Pulsar GTI-R (chassis code RNN14 - aka GTiR, i-R and 'R) is a homologated 2 litre turbo-charged AWD vehicle manufactured by Nissan in Japan between 1990 and 1994 in order to enter the WRC under Group A rules. The body is based on the Nissan Pulsar (aka Sunny) N14 three-door hatchback model, but distinguished by the large rear wing and bonnet scoop. It has an ATTESA 4WD system (also used on some U12 & U13 Bluebird models), and a unique variant (coded 54C) of the SR20DET engine (not used on any other car).
There were two distinct models of the Pulsar GTI-R sold to the general public, identifiable by the model number found on the VIN plate located on the firewall in the engine bay. There are no external visual differences.
- RA models:
GTI-RA (aka RA / Alpha / Road / Luxury), model number EBYNRVFN14xxxx. This was the normal road car, which came standard with air conditioning, power windows and mirrors, and abs. Roughly half way through the production (August 1992), Nissan made a range of cosmetic changes to the interior of the RA model (mostly replacing trim that was unique to the GTI-R with trim that was common to other models in the N14 range). Although not advertised or branded as such, they were extensive enough (around 10 items) to be noticeable as a different phase or series, and are defined by chassis numbers RNN14-100000 and above. They were priced at ¥2,270,000.
- RB models:
GTI-RB (aka RB / Beta / Rally / Homologation), model number EBYNRRFN14xxxx. The homologated model was stripped-down as a base for motorsport use (Group N rallying in particular). It had the luxury trimmings such as air conditioning, power windows, and ABS removed as standard, and the simple interior trim from the base model Pulsar which reduced the curb weight by 30 kg (66 lb) to 1,190 kg (2,624 lb). Some of the luxury items were available as an option. The engine remained the same as the RA model, but there were a few mechanical changes such as a close-ratio gearbox and a front lsd instead of the open diff from the RA model.
Nismo offered a "complete car" version based on the RB model featuring many of the Nismo rally options (such as suspension, LSDs, seats, roll cage and foot rests). A confirmed total of 21 were produced, all of which are individually numbered on a special Nismo VIN plate on the firewall. Some were used by Nissan and Nismo as promotional vehicles, the rest were ordered by private buyers. They were priced at ¥3,140,000.
- GROUP A
The Group A Rally Cars were not sold to the general public. They were specifically built and used for the WRC by the defunct NME (Nissan Motorsports Europe) as the Works cars. After NME was disbanded, the cars were sold to private buyers, predominately in Europe, where some made their way into Rallycross events. Tony Bardy is currently still competing in UK rallies using the "J3" NME car.
Sunny was the badge used for the European-delivered GTI-R. They had a different chassis number of EGNN14, and came in both right hand drive and left hand drive variants. The engine output specifications (220 PS / 162 kW and 267 Nm / 197 lb·ft) were slightly less due to the ecu having different fuel and ignition maps to compensate for the lower octane fuel available in those areas. The Sunny GTI-R had several physical differences to the Pulsar, such as the rear number plate surround and rear fog lights. The interior also varied from the Pulsar with some of the more basic trim from the RB model. In 1992 they were priced in the UK at £20,553.
The Pulsars were manufactured in Japan between August 1990 until November 1994. The total number produced during that time was somewhere between 12,000 and 15,000. It is unclear how many of them were RA and RB models. The first year of production (1990–91) was the largest due to Nissan needing to fulfill the FIA Group A regulations (of 5,000 models total, with 500 of them homologated) in order to enter the model as a manufacturer in the WRC.
The RHD Sunny models were produced from 1992 until January 1995. No recorded data has been found for LHD models. No verifiable evidence has been available of Sunny GTI-R production numbers, but it is generally accepted that less than 1000 were produced in total. They were officially sold in the UK, Germany, The Netherlands, Iceland, Italy and France.
With a power-to-weight ratio of 0.083 and AWD, the standard GTI-R is able to accelerate from 0-100kph in the 5 second bracket, and cover the standing quarter mile in the 13 second bracket (Nissan never quoted the official figures but Best Motoring magazine conducted several tests with standard cars during production). Top speed is officially stated as 232 km/h (144 mph).
|PULSAR RA||PULSAR RB||SUNNY|
|Engine Type||Turbocharged inline-4|
|Displacement||1,998 cc (122 cu in)|
|Power||230 PS (169 kW; 227 hp) @ 6,400 rpm||220 PS (162 kW; 217 hp) @ 6,400 rpm|
|Torque||29 kg·m (280 N·m; 210 lb·ft) @ 4,800 rpm||27.2 kg·m (267 N·m; 197 lb·ft) @ 4,800 rpm|
|Bore & Stroke||86.0 mm (3.386 in) x 86 mm (3.386 in)|
|Turbocharger||Garret TB2804 (T3/T25 combination)
Compressor: 60mm, 60trim in .60A/R
Turbine: 53mm, 79trim in .86A/R
|Gear Ratios||1st: 3.285
Final drive: 4.125
Final drive: 4.125
Final drive: 4.125
|Urban||13.2 L/100 km (17.8 mpg-US; 21.4 mpg-imp)|
|Constant 120 km/h (75 mph)||10.6 L/100 km (22.2 mpg-US; 26.6 mpg-imp)|
|Constant 90 km/h (56 mph)||8.1 L/100 km (29 mpg-US; 35 mpg-imp)|
|Length||3,975 mm (156 in)|
|Width||1,690 mm (67 in)|
|Height||1,410 mm (56 in)|
|Wheelbase||2,430 mm (96 in)|
|Track||F: 1,446 mm (57 in)
R: 1,421 mm (56 in)
|Curb Weight||1,220 kg (2,690 lb)||1,190 kg (2,624 lb)||1,240 kg (2,734 lb)|
|Wheels||Alloy 14×6 JJ|
|Tires||195/55VR14 (alternative 185/60VR14)|
|Brakes||F: 257 mm (10 in) ventilated discs
R: 258 mm (10 in) solid discs
|Ground Clearance||150 mm (6 in)|
|Turning Circle||10.4 m (34 ft)|
|Paint Codes||KH3 (Black - entire production)
AJ4 (Red - series 1 only)
TJ1 (Grey - series 1 only)
KJ7 (Ivory White - series 1 only)
531 (Bright White - series 2 only)
DL2 (Green - series 2 only)
531 (Bright White)
After producing the minimum required 5,000 examples (500 of them being homologation models), Nissan entered the GTI-R under Group A rules in the FIA WRC as a factory team (Nissan Motorsport Europe - NME) in 1991 & 1992.
Based in Milton Keynes, NME only competed in selected rallies during both years (ones they thought had the highest potential for good results), but the initial success expected by Nissan Japan was not forthcoming, and they abandoned the campaign in 1992 after only nine rallies. Factory development stopped there, and the GTI-R never won a WRC Group A rally. Nissan redirected funding to Le Mans and the development of the R390, and NME moved to the FWD Sunny GTI in the WRC F2 category (A7 class) where they had better success with Alister McRae winning the 1995 BRC. Much has been written about the reason for the GTI-R Group-A failure. The most notable being the uncompetitive Dunlop tyres, the inefficiency of the top-mounted intercooler when engine power was increased to Group A standards (especially in hot weather), and the political and cultural issues between Nissan Japan and the newly created NME (Nissan Motorsport Europe).
|Round 4||Round 6||Round 9||Round 14|
|39th Martini Safari Rally Kenya||38th Acropolis Rally||41st 1000 Lakes Rally||47th Lombard RAC Rally|
|Stig Blomqvist||5th||DNF (Differential)||8th||DNF (Suspension)|
|David Llewellin||DNF (Accident)||9th||10th||DNF (Electrical)|
|Round 1||Round 2||Round 3||Round 9||Round 14|
|60th Rallye Automobile de Monte-Carlo||41st International Swedish Rally||25th Rallye de Portugal||42nd 1000 Lakes Rally||48th Lombard RAC Rally|
|Stig Blomqvist||3rd||DNF (Engine)||DNF (Accident)|
|Tommi Mäkinen||9th||DNF (Accident)||DNF (Gearbox)||8th|
Nissan/NME did not enter Group N (Production) cars in the WRC, but other factory-backed Nissan teams did between 1991 and 1993. Most notable was the Nissan Belgium Rally Team with lead driver Grégoire De Mévius, and a Japanese entry (team unknown) driven by Hiroshi Nishiyama. The GTI-R dominated the Group N Championship (FIA Cup for Drivers of Production Cars) in 1992 taking 1st and 2nd places, clearly demonstrating the GTI-R's the ability at Production Class level.
|Round 3||Round 4||Round 6||Round 8||Round 9||Round 12||Round 14||Final Classification|
|26th Rallye de Portugal||40th Martini Safari Rally Kenya||39th Acropolis Rally||12th Rally Argentina||42nd 1000 Lakes Rally||24th Rallye Côte d'Ivoire Bandama||48th Lombard RAC Rally|
|Grégoire De Mévius||3rd||1st||DNF (Late for start)||3rd||DNF (Engine)||2nd||1st|
Being such a rare-but-affordable street performance car, there is still a dedicated following of enthusiasts around the world. The first known RNN14-specific owners club was established in Japan in 1993. The first known English-speaking community was established in 1999 (initially through oneList, which evolved through eGroups and finally Yahoo! Groups).
Countries with the largest owners club membership are Japan, UK, Australia, New Zealand and Canada - all with online communities based around forums. The GTI-R has also been imported (under low-volume compliance schemes and motorsport-import rules) into many other countries (including Ireland, USA, Israel, Lebanon, Norway, Sweden, Iceland, Trinidad, Barbados, Jamaica, Singapore, Malaysia, Zimbabwe, Canary Islands and Russia).
|Nissan road car timeline, European market, 1980s–present|
|Supermini||Micra K10||Micra K11||Micra K12||Micra K13|
|Small family car||Cherry N10||Cherry N12|
|Sunny B310||Sunny B11||Sunny N13||Sunny N14||Almera N15||Almera N16||Tiida C11|
|Large family car||Stanza T11|
|Bluebird 910||Bluebird U11||Bluebird T12/T72||Primera P10||Primera P11||Primera P12|
|Executive car||Laurel C31||Laurel C32||Maxima J30||Maxima QX A32||Maxima QX A33||Teana J31||Teana J32|
|Coupé||Silvia S110||Silvia S12||200SX S13||200SX S14|
|Sports car||280ZX||300ZX Z31||300ZX Z32||350Z Z33||370Z|
|Compact MPV||Prairie M10||Prairie M11||Almera Tino|
|Large MPV||Serena C23||Serena C24||Serena C25||Serena C26|
|Compact SUV||X-Trail T30||X-Trail T31|
|Mid-size SUV||Murano Z50||Murano Z51|
|Terrano WD21||Pathfinder R50||Pathfinder R51|
|Full-size SUV||Patrol 160||Patrol Y60||Patrol Y61||Patrol Y62|