Netherlands at the Olympics
|Netherlands at the Olympic Games|
The Netherlands first sent athletes to the Olympic Games in 1900, and has participated in almost all Games since then. In 1956, the nation boycotted the Games in Melbourne as a protest against the Soviet invasion in Hungary just a few weeks before the beginning of the Games. (However, one Dutch rider competed in the 1956 equestrian events, held in Stockholm a few months before the rest of the Games.)
The Netherlands hosted the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam. The Netherlands has expressed interest in hosting the 2028 Summer Olympics in either Amsterdam or Rotterdam, as a centennial celebration of the 1928 Games.
Prior to the 1992 Olympics, the country name was "Holland" with the country code of "HOL". From the 1992 onward, they have utilized the "Netherlands" and "NED", as an abbreviation of the original Dutch name Nederland.
Dutch athletes have won 266 medals at the Summer Olympic Games, with swimming and cycling as the top medal-producing sports. The nation has won another 86 medals at the Winter Olympic Games, of which 82 have come from speed skating.
Following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010 (which was a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands), the Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee (NAOC) lost its Olympic license in July, 2011. After the 2012 Olympic Games in London, athletes from the Netherlands Antilles can choose to participate for the Netherlands or Aruba, which has a semi-independent status within the kingdom of the Netherlands. (At the 2012 Games, athletes from the Netherlands Antilles will participate in a unified Olympic team under the IOC flag. However, some athletes have already expressed their wish to represent either the Netherlands or Aruba in London).
Future and recent events
The Netherlands participated in the 2010 Winter Olympics in the city of Vancouver, Canada, earning 8 medals and ending in 10th place in the medal table. 7 medals were won in speed skating competitions, and Nicolien Sauerbreij won the nation's first medal in snowboarding.
The first individual gold medal at the Summer Games was earned by Maurice Peeters in cycling at the 1920 Summer Olympics, in the men's 1000 metres sprint event. The first gold medal at the Winter Games was earned by Sjoukje Dijkstra in ladies' figure skating at the 1964 Winter Olympics.
List of medalists
Most successful Dutch competitors
Summer Games, Individuals
|Inge de Bruijn||4 gold, 2 silver, 2 bronze||swimming||2000 Sydney
|Leontien van Moorsel||4 gold, 1 silver, 1 bronze||cycling||2000 Sydney
|Charles Pahud de Mortanges||4 gold, 1 silver||equestrian||1924 Paris
1932 Los Angeles
|Fanny Blankers-Koen||4 gold||athletics||1948 London|
|Anky van Grunsven||3 gold, 5 silver, 1 bronze||equestrian||1992 Barcelona
|Pieter van den Hoogenband||3 gold, 2 silver, 2 bronze||swimming||2000 Sydney
|Ranomi Kromowidjojo||3 gold, 1 silver||swimming||2008 Beijing
|Rie Mastenbroek||3 gold, 1 silver||swimming||1936 Berlin|
|Dolf van der Voort van Zijp||3 gold||equestrian||1924 Paris
Summer Games, Team performances
|Field Hockey||Netherlands women's national field hockey team||3 gold - 1 silver - 3 bronze||1984 Los Angeles
|Field Hockey||Netherlands national field hockey team||2 gold - 4 silver - 3 bronze||1996 Atlanta
|Volleyball||Netherlands men's national volleyball team||1 gold - 1 silver||1996 Atlanta|
|Rowing||Men's Eights Competition||1 gold - 1 silver||1996 Atlanta|
|Cycling Road||Men's Team 100 km Road Race||2 gold||1964 Tokyo
1968 Mexico City
|Gymnastics||Women's Team||1928 Amsterdam|
|Equestrian||Eventing Team Competition||2 gold||1924 Paris
|Equestrian||Jumping Team Competition||1992 Barcelona|
|Archery||Men's Team Competition||1920 Antwerp|
|Swimming||Women's 4×100m Freestyle Relay||2 gold - 1 silver||1936 Berlin
|Waterpolo||Women's Team Competition||2008 Beijing|
Winter Games, Individuals
|Ard Schenk||3 gold, 1 silver||speed skating||1968 Grenoble
|Yvonne van Gennip||3 gold||speed skating||1988 Calgary|
|Marianne Timmer||3 gold||speed skating||1998 Nagano
|Gianni Romme||2 gold, 1 silver||speed skating||1998 Nagano
2002 Salt Lake City
|Jochem Uytdehaage||2 gold, 1 silver||speed skating||2002 Salt Lake City|
|Ireen Wüst||2 gold, 1 bronze||speed skating||2006 Turin
Winter Games, Team performances
|Speed Skating||Men's Team Pursuit||2 bronze||2006 Turin
Medals by Summer Games
|1896 Athens||did not participate|
|1904 St. Louis||did not participate|
|1928 Amsterdam (host nation)||6||9||4||19||8|
|1932 Los Angeles||2||5||0||7||13|
|1968 Mexico City||3||3||1||7||17|
|1984 Los Angeles||5||2||6||13||13|
Medals by Winter Games
|1924 Chamonix||did not participate|
|1928 St. Moritz||0||0||0||0||-|
|1932 Lake Placid||did not participate|
|1948 St. Moritz||0||0||0||0||-|
|1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo||0||0||0||0||-|
|1960 Squaw Valley||0||1||1||2||11|
|1980 Lake Placid||1||2||1||4||9|
|2002 Salt Lake City||3||5||0||8||9|
Medals by sport
Leading in that sport
|Tug of war||0||1||0||1|
See also↑Jump back a section
- ^ Feasibility Studies For Boston 2020, Netherlands 2028 Summer Games
- a b Hermanus Brockmann in coxed pairs rowing competition was the coxswain for the semifinals, but not for the finals. The name of the French boy the Dutch team employed as a coxswain for the final is unknown. The medal therefore was not awarded to the Netherlands, but to a Mixed team (ZZX).
- a b Not counting gold medal in Men's coxed pair events at the 1900 Games, this medal was awarded to a Mixed team (ZZX).
- "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2007-10-09.
- "Nederlands Olympisch Comité*Nederlandse Sport Federatie". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2007-10-09.