Nea Salamis Famagusta FC
|Full name||Nea Salamis Famagusta FC
Greek: Νέα Σαλαμίνα Αμμοχώστου
|Founded||7 March 1948|
|Ground||GSE, Famagusta and Stadium Ammochostos
|League||Cypriot First Division|
|Website||Club home page|
Nea Salamis Famagusta FC or Nea Salamina Famagusta FC (Greek: Νέα Σαλαμίς Αμμοχώστου) is a professional football club based in Ammochostos (also known by its Romanized name: Famagusta), Cyprus. It has became a refugee club since 1974, when Turkish Invasion of Cyprus took place and caused the occupation of the northern part of the island till today. Thus, the refugee team of Famagusta is temporarily based in Larnaca.
Nea Salamis's greatest moment was the winning of the Cypriot Cup and the Cyprus FA Shield (Super Cup), in 1990. Its highest ranking in the Cypriot championship was the third place. In the first five years after its foundation (1948–1953), the team participated in the championships of the Cyprus Amateur Football Federation. In 1953, the club became a member of the Cyprus Football Association (CFA) participating regularly in championships and cups under the auspices of the federation. The football team has more than 50 participation in the Cypriot First Division, being in seventh place in league's ranking.
Nea Salamina FC is a part of Nea Salamina Famagusta multi-sport club, which was founded in 1948 and maintains departments for football and volleyball.
The Early Years
At the time of the founding of Nea Salamina, Greece entered a period of civil war between leftists and rightists known as Greek Civil War. The situation in Greece affected Cyprus, infiltrating both the political life and sport. Most athletes were also involved in politics. Famagusta at this time had two sport clubs, Evagoras Gymnastic Association GSE (Greek: Γυμναστικός Σύλλογος Ευαγόρας) and Anorthosis Famagusta FC. GSE had many leftist athletes on its rosters, who were some of the best athletes of Cyprus. At Anorthosis many players were also leftists. Under the influence of the right-wing political climate of that time, both GSE and Anorthosis began to impose restrictions on the admission of leftist members, or denied promotion to players with left-wing leanings. From early 1947, a group of people from Famagusta, including leftists, members and non-members of GSE and Anorthosis, felt that there was room for the creation of another sport club in the city. Due to the restrictions imposed, and wanting to develop sport in the city, they envisioned a club that would be separated from politics and would appeal to everybody in Famagusta.
Following deliberations, on 14 February 1948 the final decision was taken to establish the club and efforts began setting it up and registering club members. After the successful efforts the New Salamis sports club was formed on Sunday, 7 March 1948 as the first leftist athletic club of Cyprus. After the foundation of the club many citizens expressed their desire to join. The football section was not strong enough at that time as the majority of footballers who had joined were not very gifted.
Persecution from the GSE Stadium and the establishment of CAFF
Before the Pancyprian Games in May 1948, the Hellenic Amateur Athletic Association (SEGAS) asked all the Gymnastics Associations of Cyprus to state if the clubs espouse "nationalist beliefs". The rightist athletic clubs and athletes signed these statements. The only club that refused to sign the statement was the Gymnastic Association "Kinyras" Paphos, which was therefore excluded from the games. The leftist athletes were opposed to the declaration made by the clubs, and refused to sign the statement. Among the first athletes who reacted were the champions of GSE, Antonis Totsis (Greek: Αντώνης Τότσης) and Nikis Georgiou (Greek: Νικής Γεωργίου). GSE invited the two athletes to apologize but both athletes insisted on their position that sports should stay away from politics. In addition, the leftist athletes decided to support the Gymnastic Association "Kinyras" Paphos, if the decision to exclude it from Pancyprian Games was unchanged. Although they had many chances to compete and to win, the two athletes preferred to stand by Kinyras. GSE was considered as dominant for winning the first position in the competition, but after those facts it took the third place at the end. As a reaction to the fact that athletes of Nea Salamis were not involved in the Pancyprian Games, GSE sent a letter to the club informing it that entry to the GSE Stadium was allowed for it. The letter was signed by the President of GSE. Deletions of other athletes of GSE and Anorthosis who stood by their teammates followed. The prohibition on the use of the stadium caused a problem to Nea Salamis, as they were not able to use it for the participation in the new season's soccer league.
Similarly, negative attitudes against leftist athletes prevailed in other Cypriot cities. In Larnaca, Alki Larnaca F.C. was founded in April. The month after, the Gymnastic Club Zeno (GSZ), banned Alki from using GSZ Stadium in a general meeting  A similar proposal to exclude Turks and Catholics was rejected. At the same general meeting, members of the GSZ, amended the relevant article of the constitution and prohibited any future enrollment of new members unless they had previously signed a declaration that "they espouse the Hellenic nationalistic ideals". Therefore, they took the decision to virtually exclude any leftist athletes from becoming members or using its stadium. In May, Orfeas Nicosia was founded in Nicosia. In the same month APOEL F.C. sent a greeting by telegram to SEGAS ("cordial brotherly greetings to the entire Greek youth athletes"), on the occasion of National Games, and wished the cease of inner-nation mutiny. Leftist members and athletes of APOEL considered "inner-nation mutiny" as a challenge and political statement of the club, thus they distanced themselves from that statement. The Cypriot press stoked a hostile climate with their articles and comments. This was followed by the indefinite suspension of five athletes of APOEL (Lympouris, Tsialis, Gogakis, Xatzivasileiou and Christodoulou) who founded a new club AC Omonia in June 1948, along with former members of the APOEL. After that, AS Kyrenia was founded.
Due to their leftist beliefs, members of new clubs were not accepted into the ranks of Cyprus Football Association (CFA), so they decided to set up a new football federation, the Cyprus Amateur Football Federation (KEPO) in December 1948. The new federation organized leagues and cups, which attracted thousands of new fans. The matches organized by CAFF attracted much more fans than those of CFA. In CAFF competitions six clubs were participated: Nea Salamis in Famagusta, Omonia and Orpheus in Nicosia, Alki at Larnaca, AMOL at Limassol (which was renamed to Antaeus in 1951) and Neos Asteras in Morphou.
Unification of Cypriot football
The club members of CAFF favored the unification of Cyprus football. They tried for three consecutive years to convince CFA to accept them as members, however the latter kept rejecting their request. The existence of two different football federations and two separated championships in a small country like Cyprus, was something unprecedented. The situation created economic problems and problems related to lack of sports infrastructure. The separation was preventing the development and upgrading of Cypriot football. In addition, the clubs felt that the sport spirit should lie on brotherhood and friendship, and not no segregation and discrimination. In December 1952, Sports newspaper "Athlitiki" with its first edition posed the start for the unification of Cyprus Football by launching a crusade in favor of the unification. Through the same newspaper first voices for consolidation beyond space of CFA (foreign coaches of CFA's clubs) were heard. CFA condemned the statements of its own club's coaches believing that "their statements opposed the spirit of the Federation". The decision-makers of CFA initially expressed hostile attitude towards consolidation supporters. In the summer of 1953, the majority of that era's leading sport stakeholders of Cyprus expressed their support for the unification of Cypriot football. In August 1953, Nea Salamis, Omonia, Alki and Antaeus submitted a joint application in order to become members of CFA and join Cyprus First Division. The following month, on 19 September 1953, CFA accepted the application of Nea Salamis and Omonia for membership in CFA. However, the negativism of CFA towards those clubs continued. CFA rejected the applications of Alki, Orpheus and Neos Asteras (two first clubs joined the federation a year after), arguing that one team had to participate in Cypriot First Division and two teams in Cypriot Second Division according to its constitution. The clubs of CAFF accepted these conditions in order achieve the unification of Cyprus football at the end. In an ad hoc meeting of CAFF, members decided to let Omonia to join the Cypriot First Division and Nea Salamis and Antaeus to join the Cypriot Second Division. After those developments, CAFF disbanded. The first game between teams from the two federations held between Nea Salamis and Anorthosis. The two football teams met at GSE Stadium for a friendly game, on 27 September 1953. 5200 fans were present at that friendly game between the two Famagustian football clubs. The final result was 3–1 in favor of Anorthosis, in a match that was characterized as an evidence of superior sportsmanship and brotherhood of fans by newspaper "Athlitiki".
Famagusta municipal stadium
The club did not have a stadium for training after denial of access to the GSE stadium, thus, they initially practiced at the court of Saint Lukas ("Proodou") in Famagusta. In addition, the club began efforts to establish a privately owned stadium. In December 1948, Israel made a donation to the municipality of Famagusta three thousand pounds, in gratitude for the help offered by the inhabitants of Famagusta to Jewish refugees. The donation was intended to implement a community service project. Gabriel Makris, alderman of Famagusta and footballer of Nea Salamina, promoted the association's recommendation to create the field. The city council recognized the "financial assistance granted to the Jews to create Municipal Sports Stadium, which is available to Famagustans for the promotion and spread of mass popular sport." The stadium was available to Nea Salamina and to any club cultivated sports. In early 1949 started construction with volunteer work the Municipal Stadium is in the parish of Saint John Famagusta. The stadium was completed in 1952 and was the first stadium of Cyprus with a roof over the stands. It was built by the fans of the club and footballers who worked on its construction. The stadium was completed in 1952 and was the headquarters of Nea Salamina for the period 1952–53. In 1953, after the unification of football federations, the stadium was established as GSE Stadium This period lasted until 1974, when Famagusta by occupied by the Turkish army after the Turkish invasion in Cyprus and the club was forced to move its headquarters. The city's Municipal Stadium was used for training of the team until 1974.
The original home ground of Nea Salamis FC was GSE Stadium in Famagusta, but due to the Turkish occupation of the town since 1974 they cannot use it. From 1974 until 1991 Nea Salamina used GSZ Stadium in Larnaca, Dasaki Stadium in Dasaki Achnas, Municipal Stadium of Dherynia and Antonis Papadopoulos Stadium in Larnaca. In 1991, built their own stadium, Ammochostos Stadium.
Ammochostos Stadium has a capacity of 5000 seats and is located in Larnaca. The Ammochostos Stadium mainly used for football matches. Owner of the stadium is Nea Salamina. In the same area is the offices of the club.
Ammochostos Stadium named after the town of Famagusta, which was the original seat of Nea Salamis before the Turkish invasion. Constructed in 1991 and built into the refugee camps of Larnaca. The decision to create the step was taken in 1989 and in December of the same year began the construction. Thanks to the contributions of supporters of Nea Salamis in Cyprus and abroad, Cyprus Sports Organisation and voluntary work, succeeded in manufacturing in a short period of time.
Emblem and colors
The emblem of Nea Salamina is the torch. It includes the color red and the five circles of the Olympic Games. The first colors of Nea Salamina were yellow and crimson. The team bore those for two years in the league of Cyprus Amateur Football Federation. After 1950, the Governing Council decided to establish red and white as the colors of the team. The recommendation was based on the thought that the red symbolizes the power and the white peace. The red jerseys with white stripes were preferred because they resembled Olympiakos Piraeus.
The anthem of Nea Salamis is follows (translated from Greek):
Red blood, red outfit
Salamis fight, we give you a soul.
Olympia circles, illuminating with torch
in glorious shield of '48.
The red and white color i will see
back to life in empty Famagusta.
Fiery people, brave athletes,
celebrate victories together forever.
Red blood, red outfit
Salamis fight, we give you a soul.
Great Salamina, never stop
in the refuge, fight for us.
In our hearts, you are one, Salamina
Leagues and cups of CAFF
At five leagues of Cyprus Amateur Football Federation, Nea Salamina failed to win a title. The last two years managed to finish in second place. The 1952–53 season was the cup finalists losing 2–0 to AC Omonia at Gkooul stadium (AC Omonia's ground).
For the period 1948–49 no statistics are available. However, it is known that Nea Salamis gave 10 games, scored 3 wins (two at Neos Asteras and one against Alki) and brought a draw (against Alki). In other games, defeated.
Cypriot Championship and Cup
After the unification of Cyprus football in 1953, Nea Salamis joined Cypriot Second Division. The first football season 1953–54, the goal of Nea Salamis was the promotion to Cypriot First Division. As ground used GSE stadium while Famagusta Municipal Stadium, was used for training. At that time, the second division included two groups. Nea Salamis was in the group Nicosia-Larnaca-Famagusta. The winner of the group facing the winner of the group Limassol-Paphos racing barrage on the rise in Cypriot First Division. In its group, Nea Salamina finished second, losing the opportunity to claim promotion. In 1953–54 Cypriot Cup reached up to semi-finals stage. Nea Salamis was the first team, although struggling in the second division, qualified for the semi-finals of the cup. This record has not been broken up now, but once equalize at 2005–06 Cypriot Cup.
The next season, was crowned champion of second division and simultaneously ensured its promotion to first division. This period modified the pattern of racing by creating three groups. Nea Salamis joined the group Larnaca-Famagusta. With the conquest of the first position in the group, fought for the promotion of the first of the other two groups, the champion group Limassol-Paphos (Antaeus Lemesos) and Nicosia (Orpheus). With the completion of the games, according to the final score, Nea Salamina won first place. During the same period, in the 1954–55 Cyprus Cup, excluded from subsequent phases one of the strongest teams of the season, APOEL with 3–2 win in GSE stadium. After 57 years, in 2001–02 Cyprus Cup, after struggling in the second division, he repeated this success again excluding the later champion APOEL F.C. away 1–0, GSP Stadium.
The 1955–56 Cypriot First Division is historic for the club as it was the first time participated in the first division, making significant progress as a newly promoted to the category. Claim winning the championship, ultimately finished in third place, just four points behind champion AEL Limassol. During the championship was put in charge. The third position is the best position it has gained during its history, a position won four times. The first game of the Nea Salamis in first division was with their rival, Anorthosis, in their common ground, GSE stadium (typically were away match). Nea Salamina won 3–2, which is the first victory in first division and first against Anorthosis. Its first years in first division scored wins against traditional powers of the league, such as APOEL FC, EPA Larnaca FC, Anorthosis Famagusta FC, Pezoporikos Larnaca and also AC Omonia (home and away).
|Season||Cypriot First Division Decade 1950–1959||Cup|
|1958–59||Not held||First Round|
|Points: Won=2 points, Drawn=1 points, Lost=0 points|
In the early years of the decade, Nea Salamina was strong in home games, but impossible to away games. Noteworthy is the conquest of the championship from substitutionary team the period 1960–61. The games alternate players gathered the same interest with the main team among fans, who enthusiastically celebrated winning the title.
The first years of the decade created a nucleus for an enhancer team. Young, substitute players join the main group, the most important Kyriakos Koureas, subsequent player of Olympiakos Piraeus. During the season 1963–64 the league was discontinued in December 1963 because of intercommunal disturbances and never continued. By the time of the interruption Nea Salamina was in third place with a point of difference from the first and second. Along with Omonia and APOEL were the protagonists of the period until interrupted.
The period 1964–65, with the creation of Cypriot National Guard, many players of Nea Salamis joined the army. The club and the players did not receive any facility by the National Guard, despite letters sent out. Common was the phenomenon players to come straight from the camp, from various areas of Cyprus to compete in official league games without training.
The 1965–66 season was one of the best and yet painful periods for Nea Salamina, and remains a landmark in the history of the team so far. Portion of sportsman argued that Nea Salamina played the best football in Cyprus. It claimed the championship until the last game of the season while played for the first time in the Cup final, but failed to win it. The championship began with consecutive wins and claimed the championship. In game with APOEL at old GSP stadium Nea Salamina preceded by 3–0. In the 62nd minute, player of APOEL hit Nea Salamina football player and member of APOEL grabbed the flag of supervisor and hid. The referee stopped the game according to the provisions of the CFA special instruction and ultimately the court of the CFA decided to repeat the game. The trial lasted more than three weeks and during this time Nea Salamina defeated by the last team of table, Aris Limassol F.C.. Nea Salamina won the iteratively rival with APOEL. In the penultimate match of the tournament Omonia and Salamis was in the first place of the table with same points, while Olympiacos followed with one point difference. In the game against Olympiakos Nicosia, Nea Salamina preceded by 2–1, the referee added undue delay, giving the opportunity Olympiakos to tie. The referee explained that decision referring players to injuries, which could not be confirmed according to the newspapers of that period. After clashes in the last seconds the game was stopped and the court decided that followed its repetition. Until the case is heard, the championship was over. On the first place was Omonia with 50 points, second Nea Salamina with 47 points and third Olympiakos with 46 points. Nea Salamina with victory over Olympiakos would won the championship after had a better goal difference from Omonia. On 31 May 1966 many buses and cars started in the morning from Famagusta to Nicosia. Nea Salamina eventually defeated 6–3 losing the chance to be crowned champion. The best defense in the league, which had received only 15 goals in 19 games, allowed just six in one game, clearly influenced by the events. Nea Salamina won for the second time the third place. This defeat caused problems and some players did not appear again in the team with effect occur in weak cup final with rival Apollon Limassol. Despite the fact that it was the favorite to win the Cup, defeated 4–2. During this period Salamis had the best defense in the league with 21 goals in 20 games for the first and only time.
Near to the end of the period 1966–67 Cypriot First Division, given the claim of title from Olympiakos and Anorthosis, the board of Olympiakos sent a telegram to Nea Salamina citing rumors of the impending race concert with Anorthosis. In reply telegram president rejected as inadmissible. Nea Salamina won Anorthosis and Olympiacos won the league, despite his defeat by Omonia. As a result, the board of Olympiakos sent a new telegram apologizing and giving congratulations to Nea Salamina for the victory.
By the end of the decade, Nea Salamina conquered positions in mid-table, making significant progress in the cup. Massive players leave, either outwards or to other cities, but also the fact that many players were conscripts, influenced the group.
|Season||Cypriot First Division Decade 1960–1969||Cup|
|Points 1959–60: Won=2 points, Drawn=1 points, Lost=0 points
Βαθμολογία 1960–1969: Won=3 points, Drawn=2 points, Lost=1 points
During the first two seasons of the 1970s, Nea Salamis ended in the middle of the table, but the next two seasons led to the threat of relegation, which was eventually avoided. The most tragic day in the history of the club recorded on 14 August 1974, with the occupation of Famagusta by the Turkish troops as a result of the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, which lead to the club becoming a refugee club. The fans and the players of the club scattered to all free areas of Cyprus and abroad. In October, some members of the board met at the house of Aris Limassol. There it was decided to revive the club. Most players of Nea Salamina were in Larnaca and so it was decided that Larnaca would be the temporary ground of the football department. Initially, Nea Salamina housed temporarily at the house of Alki. In January it acquired its own rented building. In the early stages the expenses were covered by contributions from members and friends of the club. Alongside this two football ranks were begun, one in Larnaca and one in Limassol for training young players.
Before the end of 1974, CFA decided to hold a special championship. There was speculation by members of the board of Nea Salamina whether the team should participate, because of the huge problems caused by the refugees, however, they decided to participate. The aim was not so much distinction as to survive and stay in Cypriot First Division. As there was no permanent stadium, in the period 1974–75 used the GSZ Stadium, in the period 1975–76 municipal stadium of Dherynia, the period 1976–77 returned to GSZ stadium, in the period 1977–78 used Dasaki Stadium in Dasaki Achnas and the period 1978–79 returned to GSZ stadiumStilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 97</ref> where remained during the period 1979–80.
Stay in first division had achieved by 1979. However, in the period 1978–79, although it had good start, Nea Salamina demoted the last game in the second division, after 25 years of continuous presence in the first division. Decisive was the last match of the tournament, when the stay was dependent effects of opponents. Nea Salamina faced Enosis Neon Paralimni FC and won 3–2. At the same time, it needed Evagoras not to beat champion Omonia or lose Olympiacos from Alki. Eventually, Evagoras won Omonia and Olympiakos bore draw with Alki. Five teams have won more than one point of Nea Salamina and relegated so (although it had achieved 10 victories), while expressing grievances and leaving many innuendos about rigged games against. The period 1978–79 for the first time applied the dual relegation, while all previous relegation was single or not true at all.
In the summer of 1974, before the Turkish invasion, Nea Salamis had agreed to cooperate with Bulgarian coach Iancho Arsov, who decades later won titles with Omonia. The arrival of coach in Cyprus and the agreement was canceled because it was impossible for a foreigner coach to be employed.
|Season||Cypriot First Division Decade 1970–1979||Cup|
|Points 1969–70: Won=3 points, Drawn=2 points, Lost=1 points
Points 1970–1979: Won=2 points, Drawn=1 points, Lost=0 points
During the period 1979–80 Nea Salamis played in the second division and was triumphant march. Many times fans at matches of Nea Salamina outnumbered fans racing first division. Comfortably won the league and returned to the first division in the period 1980–81. The first race won the later champion Omonia, a 2–1 away at Makario Stadium in Nicosia. This defeat of Omonia was the first suffered at Makario Stadium since started competing in it. Nea Salamis claimed high position in the league, but eventually finished seventh.
The period 1981–82 Nea Salamina acquired for the first time foreign footballers: Bulgarian Nazca Michailiof and Stefan Pavlov. The period 1982–83 was an unprecedented incident. In the game with opponent Enosis Neon Paralimni FC in GSZ stadium three players of Nea Salamina expelled so the remaining players surrounded the linesman to protest. The supervisor claimed that blows received thus transported to the hospital, but denied the radiographs. After termination of the supervisor, the case was brought to court imposed a sentence of 45 days. This was unprecedented for Cypriot football. The players remained in jail for five days and released after public outcry, but then the court of CFA crippling sanctions imposed on them as a result to stay for several months off the court.
The next football season was not accompanied by discrimination, but Nea Salamina succeeded many times score wins over champions. Until 1985 used GSZ stadium as ground. In period 1985–86 used two ground. In seven games played in Municipal Stadium of Deryneia, while the other six in the GSZ stadium. Then implementation started training premises owned Nea Salamis near the settlement of Tsiakillerou. The period 1986–87 used GSZ stadium. From 1987–88 seat football department was the venue of Anorthosis, Antonis Papadopoulos Stadium in Larnaca. This year completed proprietary sports club of the refugee settlement Tsakkilerou beside the court training the football team, volunteer work and offer hundreds of friends of the club. The period 1988–89, after a good run finishing in fourth place while the cup came close to its participation in the final but was excluded from the subsequent winners AEL Limassol. During this period, footballer of Nea Salamina, Nigel Maknil, was named the league's top scorer with 19 goals.
|Season||Cypriot First Division Decade 1980–1989||Cup|
|1979–80||Second division 1979–80||Second round|
|Points: Won=2 points, Drawn=1 points, Lost=0 points|
- Cup winner
The period 1989–90 was the most successful in the history of the club. Nea Salamina won its first football title, the Cypriot Cup. This success strongly celebrated by friends of the club. The week before the final was great and unprecedented mobilization among fans of the team, even from abroad, who traveled to Cyprus only to attend the game. It is worth noting that this title was the second to win a refugee club after the 1974 invasion. In the final, 9 June 1990, Nea Salamina won Omonia, 3–2 on Tsirion Stadium in Limassol. The players who competed in the final were historic: Christakis Christofi, Artemis Andreou, Kipros Tsigkelis, Elissaios Psaras, Floros Nicholaou (captain), Kenny Dyer, Vangelis Adamou, Takis David, Christakis Mavros, Elias Elia, Charalambos Andreou (Pambis Andreou) and S. Anastasiou. Scorers were Elias Elias, the Christakis Mavros and Pambis Andreou. Coach was old footballer of Nea Salamina, Andreas Mouskallis.
- Sield winner
Winning the Cup was an opportunity to Salamis to claim the Shield (Super Cup), with the champion rival APOEL. Nea Salamina won 0–1 in Makario Stadium, which was the ground of the opponent. The goal scorer was Nigel Maknil. It was the second title in the history of the club, in only a few months. This year the shield was dedicated to the 30 years of the Republic of Cyprus (Independence Shield ).
- European participation
As Cup winner, Nea Salamina played for the first time in a European Cup in 1990, which was excluded from the first round by Aberdeen F.C.. Aberdeen F.C., which had won the 1982–83 European Cup Winners' Cup by defeating in the final Real Madrid, it was a very strong team. The first game was at Tsirion Stadium on 19 September 1990, in the presence of the union 8000 fans. Nea Salamina was defeated 0–2 (half time 0–0). The replay took place in Aberdeen, at Pittodrie Stadium, on 3 October 1990. Nea Salamina lost 3–0. The lineups of the two games was: Christakis Christofi, Artemis Andreou, Kipros Tsigkelis, Elissaios Psaras, Floros Nikolaou, Kenny Dyer, Pambis Andreou, Takis David (68 'Stavros Efthymiou), Nigel Maknil (85' Christakis Mavros), Elias Elias, Vangelis Adamou (home) and Yiannakis Ioannou, Andreas Artemis, Kipros Tsigkelis, Elissaios Psaras, Floros Nicholaou, Kenny Dyer, Vangelis Adamou, Mavros Christakis, Nigel Maknil (47' Pambis Andreou), Elias Elias, Vassos Mavros (away).
The decade 1990–1999 was the most successful in the history of the football department. Apart from winning the cup, shield and participation in the Cup Winners Cup, claimed the championship. An important event is the acquisition of freehold office in 1991, the Ammochostos Stadium in Larnaca, the construction of which was achieved by volunteer supporters of the club.
During the period 1992–93 Salamis claimed the championship. At the end of the first round was in the first place and during the tournament found a difference of up to five points from their rivals. Ultimately limited to the third position and the semifinals of the Cup. The same position won in period 1994–95, ensuring participation in the 1995 UEFA Intertoto Cup, became the first Cypriot club participated to Intertoto Cup. At the same time, the player of Nea Salamina Pambis Andreou became the league's top scorer with 25 goals. Nea Salamis participated in 1997 UEFA Intertoto Cup even though had finished eighth, after other teams have not indicated interest in joining.
|Season||Cypriot First Division Decade 1990–1999||Cup|
|Points 1989–91: Won=2 points, Drawn=1 points, Lost=0 points
Points 1991–99: Won=3 points, Drawn=1 points, Lost=0 points
In this decade Nea Salamis was relegated four times. At 1999–00 Cypriot First Division finished in fourth place and secured participation in 2000 UEFA Intertoto Cup. The period 2000–01 Cypriot First Division Nea Salamina was in 12th place and relegated to second division. The last game needed victory over Digenis Akritas Morphou while Doxa Katokopias F.C. not beat Apollo or Ethnikos Achna FC lose from Enosis Neon Paralimni FC (if covered by goal difference with Ethnikos Achna FC). Nea Salamina won easily Digenis already relegated, but Doxa also won Apollo and Ethnikos Achna draw with Enosis Neon Paralimni FC. Nea Salamina relegated for the second time in its history. At the same time, managed to participate in the final of the Cyprus Cup, having rejected APOEL in the semifinals. In the final on 12 May 2012 (just a week after the last race and relegation) lost to Apollo in GSP Stadium 1–0. Nea Salamis became the first team in Cypriot football which was relegated while participated in cup final.
In 2001–02 became champions and returned in the first division. Notable is the exclusion of the later champion APOEL from 2001–02 Cypriot Cup in a knockout match, the ground of the opponent. It was the second qualification against APOEL in a few months. In the cup came to the quarterfinals.
In 2002–03 Cypriot First Division relegated again in second division and again as champion. In 2004–05 Cypriot First Division finished in sixth place in the championship. During this period used Antonis Papadopoulos Stadium and two games Makario Stadium, ban use of its own stadium, which required improvement works. In 2005–06 Cypriot First Division returned to the Ammochostos Stadium, again finishing in sixth place. In 2006–07 Cypriot First Division finished 10th and 13th in 2007–08 Cypriot First Division as a result of being relegated back to second division. After a difficult championship in the 2008–09 Cypriot Second Division, returned to first division, winning in the final game Olympiacos and the promotion, leaving the opponent in the second division.
|Season||Cypriot First Division Decade 2000–2009||Cup|
|2001–02||Second division 2001–02||Quarterfinals|
|2002–03||12||14||26||6||11||9||39||40||29||Group stage (16)|
|2003–04||Second division 2003–04||Group stage (16)|
|2007–08||13||14||26||6||6||14||28||54||24||Group stage (8)|
|2008–09||Second division 2008–09||First round|
In 2009–10 Cypriot First Division was relegated again in second division. In 2010–11 Cypriot Second Division ensured the promotion in first division. In 2011–12 Cypriot First Division, finished in 7th place.
|Season||Cypriot First Division Decade 2010-||Cup|
|2010–11||2010–11 Cypriot Second Division||First round|
As mentioned above, as Cup Winner, Nea Salamina played for the first time in European cups in 1990, which was excluded from the first round by Aberdeen FC.
The team participated in the Intertoto Cup in 1995 and 1997, which was excluded. In the 2000 UEFA Intertoto Cup, Nea Salamina, after two wins against the Albanian KS Vllaznia Shkodër qualified for the second round, where won Austria Wien home, but were excluded after the 3–0 outside in Vienna.
|1990–91||Cup Winners' Cup||First Round||Aberdeen F.C.||0–2||0–3|
|1995||Intertoto Cup||Group Stage||OFI||---||1–2||3η|
|JK Tervis Pärnu||2–0||---|
|FK Budućnost Podgorica||---||1–1|
|1997||Intertoto Cup||Group Stage||FC Lausanne||---||1–4||4η|
|Royal Antwerp FC||---||0–4|
|2000||Intertoto Cup||First Round||KS Vllaznia Shkodër||4–1||2–1|
|Second Round||Austria Wien||1–0||0–3|
Nea Salamina in CFA competitions
Overall statistics on class A
The table below shows the overall progress of Nea Salamina in Cypriot First Division from 1955 to 2012. The score is the sum of the actual score of each period, regardless of the scoring system. Using the modern scoring system (Win = 3 points, Draw = 1 point, Loss: 0 points) the score is 1600 points. The period 1963–64, in which the championship was interrupted, not included.
|Cypriot First Division|
- Nea Salamis achieved most wins (17) in 1994–95 Cypriot First Division (but in which the championship was held in three rounds). Next is the 1992–93 Cypriot First Division with 15 victories. The fewest wins (2) scored for in the period 2009–10 Cypriot First Division.
- Most ties (12) occurred in the period 1977–78 Cypriot First Division and 1984–85 Cypriot First Division. The period 1997–98 Cypriot First Division recorded just one draw.
- Fewest defeats (4) note the periods 1955–56 Cypriot First Division and 1965–66 Cypriot First Division (excluding 1963–64 Cypriot First Division where at the time of stopping the league Nea Salamis was one defeat). Most defeats (16) accepted the periods 1974–75 Cypriot First Division (immediately after Turkish invasion and refeges) and 2009–10 Cypriot First Division.
- More goals (59) scored in 1994–95 Cypriot First Division (but in which the championship was held in three rounds). Next is the 1999–00 Cypriot First Division with 58 goals. The fewest goals (14) scored in 1973–74 Cypriot First Division.
- The fewest goals (21) accepted in 1965–66 Cypriot First Division (best defense in the league), and 1966–67 Cypriot First Division (the second best defense in the league). Excluding the period 1963–64 Cypriot First Division in which the time of abandonment of the league Nea Salamina had received 10 goals. The more goals (59) received in the period 1997–98 Cypriot First Division.
- The best goal difference (24) was in 1999–00 Cypriot First Division and was the worst (-26) in 2007–08 Cypriot First Division and 2009–10 Cypriot First Division.
- Most points (57) won in 1994–95 Cypriot First Division (but in which the championship was held in three rounds-scoring 3-1-0). Followed by the period 1961–62 Cypriot First Division (52) points (scoring 3-2-1). If you calculate all periods of the 3-1-0 scoring system, 1994–95 Cypriot First Division remains the first with 57 points, followed by 1992–93 Cypriot First Division with 48 points. If you calculate the points per game 1965–66 Cypriot First Division is the first with 2 points per game (except for the 1963–64 Cypriot First Division with 2 points per game at the time of withdrawal). Based on the scoring system applied each season comes first again 1965–66 Cypriot First Division with 2.40 points per game (except for 1963–64 Cypriot First Division with 2.43 points per game at the time of withdrawal). The fewest points (14) won 1956–57 Cypriot First Division and 2009–10 Cypriot First Division. If you calculate all periods of the 3-1-0 system rated the fewest points earned during 2009–10 Cypriot First Division (excluding the 1963–64 Cypriot First Division).
Statistics by opponent
The table below shows the statistics of Nea Salamina for all matches in the Cypriot First Division (1955/56-2011/12) by opponent.
The points are calculated under the rules of the individual scoring championships. In some periods the scoring system was 2–1–0, in some 3–2–1 and the other the current 3–1–0 system.
The results for the season 1963–64 Cypriot First Division, in which the championship was interrupted, not included.
Nea Salamina in Cypriot Cup
Nea Salamis has 56 entries in the Cypriot Cup, having one win, three appearances in the final, semi-final appearances in 12 and 32 appearances in the quarter-finals. The table below shows the statistics of Nea Salamina for all cup matches in Cyprus (1953/1954-2012/2013) per opponent.
|Nea Salamina Vs|
|AEK Larnaca F.C.||8||4||1||3||12||11||2||2|
|Alki Larnaca F.C.||11||6||1||4||15||12||4||3|
|Anorthosis Famagusta FC||9||1||3||5||5||10||1||4|
|Ayia Napa F.C.||1||1||0||0||4||2||1||0|
|Aris Limassol F.C.||7||3||4||0||19||9||4||0|
|Achilleas Agiou Theraponta||1||0||0||1||1||2||0||1|
|Digenis Akritas Morphou||10||4||4||2||17||11||4||1|
|Doxa Katokopias F.C.||3||1||1||1||4||5||1||1|
|Ethnikos Assia F.C.||2||2||0||0||10||0||2||0|
|Ethnikos Achna FC||10||5||1||4||14||11||1||3|
|Enosi Neon Agion Omologiton||2||1||0||1||6||3||1||0|
|Enosis Neon Paralimni FC||9||3||0||6||9||14||3||4|
|EPA Larnaca FC||7||2||1||4||5||9||2||3|
|ENTHOI Lakatamia FC||3||2||0||1||6||2||2||0|
|Othellos Athienou F.C.||4||4||0||0||12||3||3||0|
Cypriot Second Division
|Season||Cypriot Second Division||Result||Cypriot Cup|
|2003–04||1||14||26||21||3||2||68||23||66||Promotion||Group stage (16)|
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
For recent transfers, see List of Cypriot football transfers winter 2012–13.
Source: 1948–1998: Stilianou, 1988, p. 126 και Stilianou, 1998, p. 150
Since its founding, Nea Salamina sought to develop friendly relations with the Turkish Cypriots community in Famagusta. An important element was the admission of the Turkish Cypriots to the team. In the early 1950s several Turkish Cypriots footballers i.e. Siekkeris, Nita, Moustafa etc. joined the team of Nea Salamis. When the team joined the CFA, they struggled for two seasons in the Second Division and had as rivals Turkish Cypriot clubs (e.g. Demir Sports, Kenslik Kiounslou, Turkish Club of Famagusta). When the Turkish Cypriot clubs in late 1955 started to withdraw from the tournaments of CFA, Nea Salamina made efforts to convince them to continue. Despite the withdrawal of Turkish Cypriot clubs from the CFA, the Turkish players remained welcome in Nea Salamina. In 1962 Kallikas was transferred to Nea Salamis and in 1970 Neziak who was of Turkish origin was transferred to the club. In 2004 Turkish Cypriots Imam and Oulousoi were transferred to Nea Salamis; by their presence at Nea Salamis these two players became the first Turkish Cypriotic footballers who took part in the championships of CAF in thirty years.
On 26 March 2005 Nea Salamina played a friendly football match against the Turkish Cypriot Yeni Mosque (within the transcription Oulousoi), at Ammochostos Stadium, beating them with 6–0. It was the first match between a Greek Cypriot and a Turkish Cypriot club after 50 years. 2500 fans attended the match who sat together in the stands sending a message of peace. The football match was attended by representatives of the political leadership of both communities, local and sports authorities and the Church.
In 2006, Nea Salamis created female football department, which took part in the women's events. In the first inning to 2006–07 Cypriot First Division, took third place and qualified for the cup final, where lost 1–3 against AEK Kokkinochorion in GSP Stadium. That same year won the Super Cup beating AEK Kokkinochorion with 2–1, in a game that was in Ammochostos Stadium in Larnaca.
In 2007–08, took second place. The same happened in 2008–09, losing the championship game to zero because of the champion Apollon Limassol, since in their game with the home side Nea Salamis, the referee stopped the match due to excessive presence of fans compared to the capacity of the stadium. At the same time emerged as winter champions finished first at the end of the first round of the championship.
The club was forced to shut down part of the women's football in 2010 for economic reasons.
- Super Cup:
- Winners (1): 1990
- Cypriot Second Division:
- Champions (4): 1955, 1980, 2002, 2004
- Cypriot Women's Super Cup:
- Winners (1): 2007
- "ΝΕΑ ΣΑΛΑΜΙΝΑ ΑΜΜΟΧΩΣΤΟΥ". Αθλητισμός (in Greek). Famagusta municipality. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
- Meletiou 2011, p. 97
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 16
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 17
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 20
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 19
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 21
- Meletiou 2011, p. 98
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 51
- Meletiou 2011, p. 140
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 24
- Meletiou 2011, p. 141
- Meletiou 2011, p. 142
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, pp. 37–41
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 23
- Meletiou 2011, p. 204
- Γαβριηλίδη 2001, p. 59
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 42
- Meletiou 2011, p. 212
- Meletiou 2011, p. 199
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 25
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 189
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 78
- Stilianou 1998, p. 188
- "European U-16 Championship 1992". RSSSF. 28 June 2006. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
- Stilianou 1998, p. 191
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 4
- Meletiou 2011, p. 196
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 28
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 44
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 61
- "1953/54". RSSSF. 2 September 2010. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 45
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 63
- "1954/55". RSSSF. 2 September 2010. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
- "Τραμπουκισμοί γιατί η Σαλαμίνα ... τόλμησε να πετάξει έξω από το κύπελλο τον ΑΠΟΕΛ". Αθλητισμός (in Greek). typos.com.cy. 2 December 2001. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 65
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 48
- "Cyprus - List of Final Tables 1931–1998". RSSSF. 6 January 2005. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
- Meletiou 2011, p. 246
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 131
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, pp. 67–69
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 57
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 63
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 75
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 64
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 66
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 68
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 78
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 73
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 74
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 186
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, pp. 79–81
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 136
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, pp. 70–85
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 90
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 126
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 92
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 91
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 95
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 96
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 99
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 104
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 139
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, pp. 86–104
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 106
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 104
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 105
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 107
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 109
- "Έγκλημα και τιμωρία .." (in Greek). SentraGoal Κύπρου. 26 December 2011. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 115
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 117
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 118
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 123
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 160
- Stilianou & Neofitou 1988, p. 143
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, pp. 108–125
- Stilianou 1998, p. 121
- Stilianou 1998, p. 123
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 126
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 162
- "Τελικοί Κυπέλλου Κύπρου" (in Greek). Cyprus Football Association. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
- Stilianou 1998, p. 125
- Stilianou 1998, p. 126
- "Αγώνες-Κατακτήσεις" (in Greek). Cyprus Football Association. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
- "1982/83: Aberdeen sing in the rain". UEFA CUP WINNERS' CUP. UEFA. 16 January 2009. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- Stephanidis 2003, p. 206
- Stephanidis 2003, p. 207
- Stilianou 1998, p. 130
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 132
- Stilianou 1998, p. 137
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, pp. 128–146
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 148
- "Η Σαλαμίνα πέφτει ... σανίδα σωτηρίας μόνο η ΑΔΕΑ" (in Greek). TYPOS.COM.CY. 5 May 2001. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 149
- "Ο ήρωας του Τέπλιτσε και η "εκδίκηση" για την τεσσάρα" (in Greek). TYPOS.COM.CY. 12 April 2001. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- "Ο Ζουμπάρεφ έντυσε τη Λεμεσό στα γιορτινά" (in Greek). TYPOS.COM.CY. 13 May 2001. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- "Άνοδος για τη Νέα Σαλαμίνα!" (in Greek). Εφημερίδα Πολίτης. 5 April 2009. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
- "Κόκκινα χαμόγελα στο Μακάρειο .." (in Greek). Protathlima.com. 5 April 2009. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
- Gavreilides & Papamoiseos 2001, p. 146
- "Cyprus 2002/03". RSSSF. 25 August 2003. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- "Cyprus 2004/05". RSSSF. 28 March 2006. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- "Cyprus 2005/06". RSSSF. 26 October 2006. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- "Cyprus 2006/07". RSSSF. 7 September 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- "Cyprus 2007/08". RSSSF. 12 September 2009. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- "Πρωτάθλημα Marfin Laiki Α΄Κατηγορίας 2009-2010 - Φάση Α'" (in Greek). Cyprus Football Association. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
- "Πρωτάθλημα Λαϊκής Τράπεζας 2011/2012 - Φάση Β' - Α' Όμιλος" (in Greek). Cyprus Football Association. Retrieved 2012-08-02.
- "Season 1995". UEFA INTERTOTO CUP. UEFA. 21 August 2008. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
- "Season 1997". UEFA INTERTOTO CUP. UEFA. 21 August 2008. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
- "Season 2000". UEFA INTERTOTO CUP. UEFA. 16 January 2009. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
- "Πρωτάθλημα Β' Κατηγορίας 2008–2009 – Φάση Α'" (in Greek). CFA. Retrieved 2012-08-18.
- "Πρωτάθλημα Β' Κατηγορίας 2010–2011 – Α' ΟΜΙΛΟΣ – Φάση Β'" (in Greek). CFA. Retrieved 2012-08-18.
- "Και επίσημα Μίρσαντ Γιόνους" (in Greek). Sigmalive.com. 21 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- Stilianou 1998, p. 149
- "Κύπρος : Ο αθλητισμός ενώνει .." (in Greek). SportNet. 26 March 2005. Retrieved 2012-09-10.
- "Ο καλύτερος Τουρκοκύπριος ποδοσφαιριστής πάει Αλκή" (in Greek). Εφημερίδα Καθημαρινή. 13 June 2011. Retrieved 2012-09-10.
- "Πενήντα χρόνια μετά, το ποδόσφαιρο μας ένωσε .." (in Greek). typos.com.cy. 26 March 2005. Retrieved 2012-08-19.
- "Πρωτάθλημα Γυναικών Α' Κατηγορίας - Φάση Α'". Cyprus Football Association. Retrieved 2012-08-05.
- "Σαλαμίνα: Ποιο Fair Play από Απόλλων Ladies;" (in Greek). SigmaLive. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 2012-08-07.
- "Σκόρερ Γυναικείου πρωταθλήματος 2008–2009" (in Greek). Cyprus Football Association. Retrieved 2009-05-29.
- Gavreilides, Michalis; Papamoiseos, Stelios (2001). Ένας αιώνας Κυπριακό ποδόσφαιρο [One century Cypriot football] (in Greek). Nicosia: The writer. ISBN 9963-8720-1-8.
- Meletiou, Giorgos (2011). Κυπριακό ποδόσφαιρο 1900–1960 [Cypriot Football 1900–1960] (in Greek). Nicosia: Power Publishing. ISBN 978-9963-688-87-6.
- Stilianou, Pampos; Neofitou, Giorgos (1988). Νέα Σαλαμίνα, 40 χρόνια πρωτοπόρας αθλητικής πορείας [Nea Salamina, 40 years pioneering sports history] (in Greek). Cyprus: Nea Salamina Famagusta.
- Stilianou, Pampos (1998). 50 χρόνια Νέα Σαλαμίνα 1948–1998 [50 years Nea Salamina 1948–1998] (in Greek). Cyprus: Nea Salamina Famagusta. ISBN 9963-8370-0-X.
- Stephanidis, Giorgos (2003). 40 χρόνια κυπριακές ομάδες στην Ευρώπη [40 years Cypriot teams in Europe] (in Greek). Nicosia: Haravgi. ISBN 9963-8841-1-3.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Nea Salamis Famagusta FC|