|Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis
|Classification and external resources
Renal corpuscle. Intraglomerular mesangium is #5b.
Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis is a form of glomerulonephritis associated primarily with the mesangium.
There is some evidence that interleukin-10 may inhibit it in an animal model.
It is classified as type II lupus nephritis by the World Health Organization (WHO).
Mesangial cells in the renal glomerulus use endocytosis to take up and degrade circulating immunoglobulin. This normal process stimulates mesangial cell proliferation and matrix deposition. Therefore, during times of elevated circulating immunoglobulin (i.e. lupus and IgA nephropathy) one would expect to see an increased number of mesangial cells and matrix in the glomerulus. This is characteristic of nephritic syndromes.