|Official name||Barragem de Massingir|
|Location||Massingir District, Gaza, Mozambique|
|Dam and spillways|
|Height||46 m (151 ft)|
|Impounds||Rio dos Elefantes|
|Capacity||2.88 km3 (1 cu mi)|
|Surface area||150 km2 (58 sq mi)|
Massingir Dam is a dam on the Rio dos Elefantes (Olifants or Lepelle), Gaza Province, Mozambique. It is named after the town of Massingir, in Massingir District. The Shingwedzi River flows close to the northeastern side of the reservoir and joins the Rio dos Elefantes about 12 km downstream from the dam wall.
Construction work began in 1971 by a Portuguese company in Colonial Mozambique. By 1975, before the dam's completion, Mozambique gained independence and construction came to a halt. Shortly thereafter the FRELIMO government restarted the project, but by the early 1980s anti-government RENAMO guerrilla activity hampered the completion of the dam. RENAMO insurgents occupied most the area around Massingir and terrorized the local population, mostly humble farmers. Since the Mozambican government practically lost control of the territory in Massingir District, work at the dam site could not be completed.
Following the neoliberal reform in Mozambique, rehabilitation work at the Massingir Dam took off in 1988. Finally the work of raising the height of the dam wall and the installation of the sluice gates was completed in 2006.
The Massingir Dam is located within Limpopo National Park, forming part of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park. The area is an important breeding ground for the Nile Crocodile and there was concern at the Kruger National Park regarding the flooding of the Olifants River Gorge.
See also↑Jump back a section
- Shingwedzi River why is it the most polluted river in the KNP?
- Christina Folke Ax, Niels Brimnes, Niklas Thode Jensen & Karen Oslund, Cultivating the Colonies: Colonial States and Their Environmental Legacies, Aug 2011, ISBN 978-0896802827
- Massingir Dam Emergency Rehabilitation Project
- Massingir Dam & Flooding of Olifants Gorge
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