Manuel Solís Palma
Manuel Solís Palma (December 3, 1917, in Los Santos Province – November 6, 2009) was the acting president of Panama from February 26, 1988 to September 1, 1989, under the military rule of Manuel Noriega. He served as education minister in several administrations, and worked on the 1968 presidential campaign of Arnulfo Arias Madrid.
In February 1988, Noriega promoted Solís from education minister to president after the firing of president Eric Arturo Delvalle. The US administration of president Ronald Reagan refused to recognize Solís or the diplomats representing him as legitimate. In May, the administration offered a deal in which Noriega would leave office in exchange for the US dropping drug charges against him; however, the Panamanian military rejected the terms, which gave no guarantee that Solís would retain power. Solís served until September 1, 1989, shortly before the US invasion of Panama which deposed Noriega. He was later described as one of a series of Noriega's puppet rulers, nicknamed the "Kleenex presidents" in Panama due to their "disposability". In 1994, he was pardoned by President Guillermo Endara for any crimes committed during the Noriega years.
- "Manuel Solis". The Washington Post. – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). November 7, 2009. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
- "The tough is still in charge". The Economist. – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). March 5, 1988. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
- Michael Briggs (May 26, 1988). "U.S. deal to get Noriega out of Panama scrapped". The Chicago Sun-Times. – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Retrieved September 20, 2012.
- Robert C. Harding (2006). The History of Panama. Greenwood Press. p. 100. ISBN 031333322X.
- "Briefs". St. Louis Post-Dispatch ( – via Questia (subscription required)). Reuters. June 7, 1994. Retrieved September 30, 2012.
- Manuel Solís' obituary (Spanish)
Eric Arturo Delvalle
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