Malangas, Zamboanga Sibugay
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (January 2012)|
|Municipality of Malangas|
|Southeast asia on the island of Philippines.|
|Region||Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX)|
|District||1st District of Zamboanga Sibugay|
|Founded||July 23, 1951|
|• Mayor||Hon. Alfredo Atilano (2010–2013)|
|• Vice Mayor||Hon. Cecille A. Tura (2010–2013)|
|• Total||235.50 km2 (90.93 sq mi)|
|• Density||150/km2 ( 380/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||3rd class municipality|
Malangas (Cebuano: Lungsud sa Malangas; Filipino (Tagalog): Bayan ng Malangas; Zamboangueño/Chavacano: Municipio de Malangas) is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Zamboanga Sibugay, Philippines. The town is generally rolling near the shorelines and mountainous in the hinterland with some patches of flat land located within the mangroves near the shorelines. It borders Buug to the northwest, Diplahan to the northeast, Imelda to the west, Margosatubig, Zamboanga del Sur to the east and Alicia to the south.
Malangas is the site of coal mining in Western Mindanao area accompanied by the Philippine National Oil Company - Exploration Corporation. The coalmine is one of the largest in the country. Its town center nests in a harbor in Dumanguillas Bay, boasts of its twin ports, one for coal, the other for passengers.
Malangas is one of the oldest municipality of its former province, Zamboanga del Sur. In 1951, the barrios of Malangas, La Dicha, Diplo, Gusem, Buug, Matinaw, Gaulan, Tinungtungan, Manangon, Lindang, Luop, Silupa, Minsulao, Paruk, Lubing, Balabao, Mali, Baluran, Sampuli and Bacao, all from Margosatubig were separated to form the town of Malangas.
The name Malangas got its name from a sitio later named Malangas Gamay, probably of Spanish origin. A booming coal town during the 1900s, and the mother town of various towns namely Buug, Diplahan, Imelda, part of Siay in Zamboanga Sibugay and the towns of Bayog and Kumalarang in Zamboanga del Sur.
The town is Located on the southwestern tip of Zamboanga Sibugay Province. It is bounded on the east by Dumaguillas Bay and south by the Celebes Sea. The total distance from Manila to Malangas, Philippines is 492 miles (792 km). This is equivalent to 792 kilometers or 428 nautical miles (793 km). It is two and a half hours away from Pagadian city, 45 minutes drive from the Provincial capital, and 133 kilometers away from the city of Zamboanga.
Malangas also includes the island of Muyong, having endowed with white sand beaches, and other of uninhabited islands near the shorelines. Mainland area are steeply sloping terrain of hills and mountains. Due to its topography and elevation the town do not experience flooding.
Climate and Temperature
The Municipality of Malangas enjoys a location that is free from the typhoon belt area. March to May is hot and dry, with temperature at 32 to 34 degrees Celsius, while in June to October is rainy, and November to February is cool, with temperatures ranging from 22 to 28 degrees Celsius. Average humidity year-round is 77%.
One of the major problems in Malangas is the water system. Water resources are also less abundant. Almost 90 percent of the population get its water supply from a nearby barangay. But this is not abundant for the population. This explains the water scarcity in the area. While some barangays receive enough water, others experience constant water deficiency most especially in the poblacion area. Lack of access to water is a larger problem in the population anywhere else in the town center. The water supply only runs hourly within the different districts/purok. There are recent government efforts to improve the management of water resources in Malangas but all had failed. As of now, the government is trying to solve the problem to help get the people a good and fine water system.
According to the projected 2007 census, it has a population of 34,527 people in 5,762 households. The indigenous people of the area now known as Malangas were the Malangeneous.
The Main language of Malangas is Bisaya. Locals can also speak well in Tagalog and English. English is widely used in education and understood. Other languages of the Philippines are also spoken, mostly between family members, relatives, or neighbors belonging to the same ethnic group. Among these languages, the most spoken include Chavacano languages, Tausug, Maguindanao, and the Subanen.
The large majority of the population of Malangas is Roman Catholic (87%). Other religions represented are Protestant (3%), and Islam (10%).
Malangas belongs to the Lone district of Zamboanga Sibugay. The local council is administered by the Mayor, with the assistance of the Vice-Mayor. It is politically subdivided into 25 barangays and there is only one representative Sangguniang Kabataan (Youth Council) and Association of Barangay Captains (ABC).
Malangas has been administered by elected and appointed officials since July 23, 1951, with a strong Mayor-council government. Malangas is politically subdivided into 25 barangays. The current mayor is governed by Alfredo A. Atilano, the first male elected mayor in the 21st century in the history of Malangas. The Municipal mayor is restricted to three consecutive terms, totaling nine years, although a mayor can be elected again after an interruption of one term. Cecille A. Tura is the municipal's incumbent vice-mayor. The vice-mayor heads the legislative arm composed of the elected Municipal councilors.
Mineral industry is not relatively a newcomer to Malangas since it operates coal mining in the early 1930s. It strengthen to boost the economy not only in the locality but also its mother province, Zamboanga Sibugay. Although the scale of the present operations is relatively modest, the production is of considerable national significance. There are relatively large deposits of coal and this estimates to contain nearly 10 million tons of coal (according to Frederick L. Wernstedt,Joseph Earle Spencer) some of which is of coking quality - a small quantity to be sure, but one that gains added significance in light of the general overall shortage of mineral fuels in the Philippines. The present production of Malangas coal is being shipped to the Iligan Industrial area.
While the rest of Malangas is still heavily dependent on agriculture and aquaculture, it is also looking forward for making steady progress in developing its industrial sectors. Mining is a good potential. In addition being a coastal area, it participates in commercial fishing.
- Rice and Corn Milling
- Coffee Milling
Malangas is home to one of the external studies unit of Western Mindanao State University the premier state university in western Mindanao region which is ranked sixth among 68 universities all over the country, according to a survey on the Top Academic Institutions in the Philippines conducted by the Commission on Higher Education. Head office of the University is in Zamboanga City The campus is located at the mountain hill of the town viewing the Dumaguillas Bay and neighboring islets.
There are Philippine coals which are of such quality that they can be used by current users without the need for any coal preparation or blending with imported coals. Among these are the coal deposits being mined in Malangas. The PNOC (Philippine National Oil Company) and the TMC its Taiwanese partner operates coal within the Malangas Coal Reservation. It also operates a large-scale coal mine known as the Integrated Little Baguio (ILB) colliery, which is currently the largest semi-mechanized underground coal mine in the country.
In the year 1995, a worst tragedy happened when a huge methane gas explosion ripped through a coal mine tunnel in Malangas town, killing more than 100 people. The blast set off a fireball, which swept through nine kilometers of mines, and setting off other explosives which had been stockpiled inside the tunnel. Ten years later, six miners were killed when a coal tunnel collapsed in Diplahan town.
News about the coal mine in Malangas has been rumored that PNOC-EC may sell mine to San Miguel Corp. According to the news, the Philippine National Oil Company - Exploration Corp. (PNOC-EC) is in talks with diversified conglomerate San Miguel Corp. to sell a coal mine in Mindanao and this is probably in Zamboanga Peninsula where Malangas is located. For 2009, total coal production in Malangas amounted to 91,440 metric tons, a decrease from the 2008 output of 110, 549 metric tons due to major repair and rehabilitation “conducted immediately upon takeover of the mines.” Today, Mining operators are still operating in the coal reservation of the town.
Places of Interests
Malangas is endowed with several islets that are ideal for resort development. One of these is Isla Muyong, comparable to Pandilusan Island in the municipality of Payao and Litayon Island in the municipality of Alicia. One characteristic that they have in common is their white sand beaches. Others are also sprawled in some of the town's coastline.
The most notable beach in Malangas is the Municipal Government owned beach resort, located in Bunker, the site of the town's coal port. Many people who live in the nearby towns like it because of the proximity of the place.
- "An Act Creating the Municipality of Malangas in the Province of Zamboanga". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- 2000 Philippine Census Information
- Daily Zamboanga Times
- Zamboanga Online News or
- The Official Website of Zamboanga Today Newspap