A westbound train at Zeytinburnu
Atatürk International Airport
|Services||1 (Branch to Esenler)|
|Daily ridership||240,000 (2010)|
|Opened||September 3, 1989|
|Owner||Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality|
|Operator(s)||İstanbul Ulaşım A.Ş.|
|Line length||19.6 km (12.2 mi)|
|No. of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
M1A or the Aksaray-Airport Line is a rapid transit line in İstanbul. The M1A was the first rapid transit line in Turkey, opening in 1989 and started the revival of mass transit in Turkish cities. It is the busiest rapid transit line in Turkey, serving 240,000 passengers daily.
The line starts in the historic old city of İstanbul in Aksaray. From there, it heads north to Kartaltepe, passes through the Esenler Bus Terminal and back south to Zeytinburnu. From Zeytinburnu it heads west to Atatürk International Airport.
With Istanbul's growing population and the city rapidly expanding outward, the operating bus service was not enough. The city did not have a mass transit system, except for a single funicular line Tünel, and the last operating tram line was taken up in 1969. Istanbul desperately needed a rapid transit system to move its large population. In 1989 the Aksaray-Kartaltepe portion of the line opened. In 1994, the line was expanded to Esenler, which also serviced İstanbul's intercity bus terminal. The same year the line was extended to Bakırköy and then to Yenibosna in 1995. In 1999 the line reached Atatürk Airport in Yeşilköy.
- İstanbul Ulaşım - M1 statistics