Lower sulfur oxides
- SO, sulfur monoxide and its dimer S2O2
- sulfur monoxides, SnO, based on cyclic Sn rings where n is 5-10
- polymeric sulfur oxides, sometimes termed PSO's
Interest in the lower sulfur oxides has increased because of the need to understand terrestrial atmospheric sulfur pollution and the finding that the extraterrestrial atmospheres of Io, one of Jupiter's moons, and Venus contain significant amounts of sulfur oxides. Some compounds reported by early workers such as the blue "sesquioxide", S2O3, formed by dissolving sulfur in liquid SO3 appears to be a mixture of polysulfate salts of the S42+ and S82+ ions.
- Sulfur monoxide, monomer (SO) and dimer (S2O2)
- These are stable molecules that have been trapped at low temperature (see sulfur monoxide article).
- Disulfur monoxide, S2O
- S2O has a non-linear structure, like sulfur dioxide, SO2, ozone, O3, and trisulfur, S3. The S-S bond is 188.4pm, the S-O bond is 146.5pm and the SSO angle is 117.88. The two dipole moment components are μa = 0.875D and μb = 1.18D
- Disulfur dioxide, S2O2
- S2O2 is a dimer of sulfur monoxide.
- Trisulfur monoxide, S3O
- This unstable neutral molecule has been found in the gas phase using neutralization-reionization mass spectrometry. Both ring and chain structures were found.
- A number of monoxides SnO are known where n= 5-10, where the oxygen is bonded to one member of the Sn sulfur ring. They can be prepared by oxidising the related cyclo-Sn elemental sulfur rings (these are allotropes of sulfur) with trifluoroperoxoacetic acid, CF3C(O)OOH. The compounds are all dark coloured and decompose to give sulfur and sulfur dioxide.
- Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth–Heinemann. ISBN 0080379419.
- Meschi, D.J.; Myers R.J. (1959). "The microwave spectrum, structure, and dipole moment of disulfur monoxide". Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy 3 (1–6): 405–416. Bibcode:1959JMoSp...3..405M. doi:10.1016/0022-2852(59)90036-0.
- de Petris, G; Rosi M Troiani A (2006). "S3O and S3O+ in the gas phase: ring and open-chain structures". Chem. Commun (42): 4416–4418. doi:10.1039/b609646h. PMID 17057862.
- Baklouti D., D; Schmitt, B.; Brissaud, O. (11 2004). "Infrared study of lower sulfur oxides on Io's surface". Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society Chem. Commun 36: 1099.