|Long-tailed pangolin range|
Manis tetradactyla has a characteristic very long tail (hence its common name), reaching a lengh of about 60–70 centimetres (24–28 in). The body can reach a length of 30–40 centimetres (12–16 in) and the weight is 2 to 3 pounds.
Even with the long tail, this species is the smallest pangolin. As with other pangolins, the long-tailed pangolin is covered with overlapping scales, in this case a dark brown color with a brighter rim, which serves as camouflage. The feet have large claws. The tip of the tail is bare and is used to grip branches. The head is built very simply and without teeth, while the tongue is very long. The abdomen is covered in dark fur instead of scales. This pangolin is a nocturnal insectivore. With the claws of the front feet, they can break the bark of the trees, with the long sticky tongue they take their prey. Their diet consists mainly of tree-dwelling ants, in addition they also eat termites.
Distribution and habitat
This species is native to the sub-Saharan forests, of Africa, mainly rain forests. It is widespread from Senegal to Uganda and south to Angola in the south-west.
- Schlitter, D. A. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M, eds. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 531. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
- Pangolin Specialist Group (1996). Manis tetradactyla. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 2007-05-29.
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