List of The Jungle Book characters
This is a list of characters that appear in Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book story collection, its sequel The Second Jungle Book, and the various film adaptations based on those books. Characters include both human and talking animal characters.
- Mowgli (feral child)
- Jungle characters
- Akela# (Indian Wolf), "alone" in Hindi; leader of the wolf pack. Is referred to as "white, or gray"
- Raksha# (Indian Wolf), "protection" in Hindi; Mowgli's adoptive mother. The name supposedly means "the demon" in the wolves' language, and refers to her ferocity
- Father Wolf (Indian Wolf); Raksha's mate and Mowgli's adoptive father. The 1967 film names him "Rama," meaning "pleasant, supreme."
- Baloo# (Sloth Bear); Mowgli's best friend. In Kipling's book, he is described as a sleepy old sloth bear, who teaches Mowgli the law of the jungle. Bhaaloo (Devanagari: भालू) is "bear" in Hindi.
- Bagheera# (melanistic leopard known as a black panther); from baagh (Devanagari: बाघ) in Sanskrit or Hindi meaning "tiger"
- Bandar-log, the Monkeys. Notorious because "they have no king" or any effective leadership at all. They kidnap the very young Mowgli, who is rescued by Bagheera, Baloo and Kaa.
- Ko (Crow) only mentioned
- Kaa (Indian python)
- Hathi (Indian Elephant); Haathee (Devanagari: हाथी) meaning "elephant" in Hindi
- Hathi's sons (elephants)
- Tabaqui (Golden jackal); he feeds on scraps from either Shere Khan or the wolves of the Seeonee Pack. In some adaptions, he is a hyena.
- Mang (bat)
- Shere Khan# (Bengal Tiger); sher (Hindi: शेर, pronounced [ˈʃeːr]) is a word for "lion" in Hindi A man-eating Bengal tiger who is the main villain and Mowgli's enemy who sees himself as the rightful lord of the jungle.
- Rama (water buffalo)
- Mysa (water buffalo)
- Chil (in earlier editions called Rann) (kite); "cheel" means kite in Hindi
- Ikki (in earlier editions called Sahi < Hindi [ Devanagari ]: साही) (porcupine)
- Tha (Elephant) The first of the elephants according to Hathi
- Thuu (aka White Hood) (Cobra) A blind albino Cobra. Mowgli gives him the derisory epithet "Thuu" (allegedly meaning "it has dried" referring to the poison in Thuu's fangs) upon discovering that the supposedly deadly cobra's fangs are in fact withered and dried up from age and disuse. Protector of ancient treasures
- Grey Brother (Indian Wolf); the oldest of Father Wolf and Raksha's cubs
- Phaona (Indian Wolf) Fao's son
- The Dholes
- Oo (Turtle)
- Jacala (Crocodile). In Red Dog it is stated that Mowgli broke a knife on Jacala's back during a protracted fight with him.
- Mor (Peacock)
- Won-Tolla (Indian Wolf) An outlier who warns Mowgli's tribe of the Dhole
- Chikai (Rat)
- Phao (Wolf) Son of Phaona, leader of The Free People
- Ferao (Woodpecker)
#: From cubs.
- Human characters
- Messua; wife of the richest man of the human village, who decides to adopt the wild Mowgli, believing (probably mistakenly) that he is their long-lost son Nathoo
- Messua's husband; the richest man of the village; his name is not given
- Nathoo; the long-lost son of Messua and her husband, who has been snatched by a tiger (arguably, Shere Khan)
- Buldeo (village hunter) from the Hindi or Sanskrit Baladeva, which means "powerful lord"; the elderly (or at least middle-aged) chief hunter of Messua's village. Buldeo is boastful and arrogant, and is furious when Mowgli, who knows what the jungle is really like, contradicts some of Buldeo's more fanciful stories about the jungle.
- Kamya: one of the village boys who herd buffalo along with Mowgli. In contrast to Messua's husband, he has a name but no description.
In Hindi, Bandar means 'monkey' and log means 'people'. The Bandar-log feature most prominently in the story "Kaa's Hunting", where their scatterbrained anarchy causes them to be treated as pariahs by the rest of the jungle. Their foolish and chattering ways are illustrated by their slogan: We are great. We are free. We are wonderful. We are the most wonderful people in all the jungle! We all say so, and so it must be true.. Bandar-log communicate almost entirely through the repetition of other animals' speech.
The Bander-log are obsessed with the attention of others, and want more than anything for the other animals to talk to them, and give them attention. When Mowgli mentions them in a discussion with Bagheera he is ashamed that he did so.
The Road-Song of the Bandar-log is a companion poem to 'Kaa's Hunting', and demonstrates Kipling's strong adherence to poetic form.
In December 2011, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin referred to the participants in Moscow rallies protesting rigged parliamentary elections as the "Bandar-log."
- Rikki Tikki Tavi
- The White Seal
- Toomai of the Elephants
- Kala Nag (Elephant)
- Junior the baby Elephant
- Bagheera the panther
- Winifred the Elephant (Hathi's mate)
- King Louie the orangutan
- Flunkey the monkey
- Tabaqui and Mungo the Hyenas
- Shanti the human girl
- Flaps, Buzzie, Dizzy, and Ziggy the Vultures
- Rocky the rhino (deleted character)
- Ranjan the Brother
- Lucky the vulture (The Jungle Book 2)
- see http://www.shabdkosh.com/en2hi/search.php?ts=1221774293378&e=शेर – according to Erika Klemm: Hindi-deutsches Wörterbuch (Leipzig 1971) शेर means "lion" and "tiger" as well
- Gose, Elliott B. (1988). Mere Creatures: A Study of Modern Fantasy Tales for Children. University of Toronto Press. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-8020-5761-7.
- Parsons, Marnie (1994). Touch Monkeys. University of Toronto Press. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-8020-2983-6.
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