Leader of the Official Opposition (Canada)
|Leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition
Chef de la loyale opposition de Sa Majesté
|Term length||While leader of the largest party not in government|
|Inaugural holder||Alexander Mackenzie|
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The Leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition (French: chef de la loyale opposition de Sa Majesté), or simply the Leader of the Opposition (French: chef de l'opposition) is the leader of Canada's Official Opposition, the party with the most seats in the House of Commons that is not a member of the government. The current Leader of the Opposition is Thomas Mulcair of the New Democratic Party.
Though the Leader of the Opposition must be a member of the House of Commons, the office should not be confused with the Leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons, which is the formal title of the Opposition House Leader. There is also a Leader of the Opposition in the Senate, who is usually of the same party as the Leader of the Opposition, but as there are no members of the NDP in the Senate, the Liberal Party forms the Opposition in the Senate.
The Leader of the Opposition is entitled to the same levels of pay and protection as a Cabinet minister. He or she is entitled to reside at the official residence of Stornoway and ranks fourteenth on the Order of Precedence, after Cabinet ministers and before lieutenant governors of the provinces. In the House of Commons seating plan, the Leader of the Opposition sits directly across from the Prime Minister.
- Role of Opposition Parties in Canada, Compendium of Procedure, House of Commons of Canada.