La Porte, Indiana
|City of LaPorte, Indiana|
|— City —|
|Nickname(s): The Maple City|
|Motto: "Live And Love"|
|• Mayor||Blair Milo (R)|
|• Total||12.37 sq mi (32.04 km2)|
|• Land||11.66 sq mi (30.20 km2)|
|• Water||0.71 sq mi (1.84 km2)|
|Elevation||814 ft (248 m)|
|• Estimate (2011)||22,033|
|• Density||1,891.3/sq mi (730.2/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||46350, 46352|
|GNIS feature ID||0450449|
|Source: US Census Bureau|
La Porte (French for "The Door") is a city in La Porte County, Indiana, United States, of which it is the county seat. Its population was 22,053 at the 2010 census. It is one of the two principal cities of the Michigan City-La Porte, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, Illinois-Indiana-Wisconsin Combined Statistical Area. La Porte is located in northwest Indiana, east of Gary, and west of South Bend and was first settled in 1832. The current mayor of La Porte, Blair Milo, is one of the youngest mayors in city's history, elected to the position in 2011 at the age of 28. Whether the correct spelling of the city and county is La Porte or LaPorte is disputed.[by whom?]
The settlement of La Porte was established in July 1832. Abraham P. Andrew, one of the purchasers of the site, constructed the first sawmill in that year. The first settler arrived in October, building a permanent cabin just north of what would become the Courthouse square. In 1833 a Federal Land Office was established in La Porte. People would come to this office from newly established surrounding counties to buy land from the government, including Solon Robinson, founder of Crown Point. The office was moved to Winamac in 1839.
By 1835 the settlement had grown to the extent that it was decided that La Porte should become incorporated as a town. A newspaper was established in 1836 and La Porte Medical School was founded in 1842, the first of its kind in the Midwest. A former graduate of the school William Worrall Mayo established the famed Mayo Clinic in Minnesota in 1889. By 1852 La Porte had become a well established settlement of considerable size for its time and vicinity, with 5,000 residents. In that same year it was granted a city charter by the Indiana General Assembly and the first mayor was elected. La Porte continued to grow, attracting numerous diverse industries, the largest of which became the Advance-Rumely company. Advance-Rumely was responsible for developing the Oil-Pull tractor engine, considered to have played a pivotal role in the agricultural development of the Great Plains. By 1869, Advance-Rumely was the largest employer in La Porte.
During the 1850s, numerous maple trees were planted along Indiana and Michigan avenues in La Porte by local resident Sebastian Lay. Subsequently, La Porte became known as the 'Maple City'. Today, Indiana and Michigan avenues comprise a historic district in the city, containing many homes and other structures of architectural and historical interest. Between 1892 and 1894, the third and current La Porte county courthouse was erected at a cost of $300,000. The structure is built of red sandstone from Lake Superior, shipped via boat to Michigan City and then by rail to La Porte. The courthouse is considered to be one of La Porte's best known structures. In 2007 the building had its exterior extensively restored at a cost of $2.9 million.
La Porte is located at .(41.609057, -86.717567)
According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 12.37 square miles (32.0 km2), of which 11.66 square miles (30.2 km2) (or 94.26%) is land and 0.71 square miles (1.8 km2) (or 5.74%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 22,053 people, 8,962 households, and 5,362 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,891.3 inhabitants per square mile (730.2 /km2). There were 9,992 housing units at an average density of 856.9 per square mile (330.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.6% White, 3.0% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 4.9% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.2% of the population.
There were 8,962 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.2% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04.
The median age in the city was 36.2 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.7% were from 25 to 44; 24.2% were from 45 to 64; and 15.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 21,621 people, 8,916 households, and 5,545 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,886.8 people per square mile (728.4/km²). There were 9,667 housing units at an average density of 843.6 per square mile (325.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.60% White, 1.92% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 3.39% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.52% of the population.
There were 8,916 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,376, and the median income for a family was $45,784. Males had a median income of $32,319 versus $22,756 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,900. About 7.7% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over.
The government consists of a mayor and a city council. The mayor is elected in citywide vote. The city council consists of seven members. Five are elected from individual districts. Two are elected at-large.
The La Porte Community School Corporation consists of one high school: La Porte High School; two middle schools: Boston Middle School and Kesling Middle School; and eight elementary schools: Crichfield, Hailmann, Riley, Handley, Indian Trail, Kingsbury, Kingsford Heights and Lincoln. The corporation serves approximately 6,500 students.
The famous Advance-Rumely tractor company was established in La Porte where it developed steam engines and eponymous green kerosene tractors.
Notable natives and residents
- Abram Andrew: United States Representative from Massachusetts
- Chuck Baldwin: Baptist minister and 2008 Presidential nominee of the Constitution Party
- Chris Bootcheck: Major League Baseball pitcher for the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim
- Art Cross: former race car driver; first Rookie of the Year at the Indianapolis 500
- Brian Ebersole: MMA Veteran; UFC Welterweight division fighter
- Daniel Edwards: American figurative sculptor and artist
- Charlie O. Finley: former owner of the Oakland Athletics
- Belle Gunness: serial killer
- Harold Handley: Governor of Indiana
- Hazel Harrison: American pianist, known as the premiere black pianist of her time
- Ashley Hinshaw: Actress and Abercrombie & Fitch model
- Rear Admiral Royal R. Ingersoll: U.S. Navy veteran
- Karl Paul Link: American biochemist best known for his discovery of the anticoagulant warfarin
- William Worrall Mayo: founder of the Mayo Clinic
- Isamu Noguchi: Japanese-American artist and landscape architect
- Tom Nowatzke: former National Football League running back
- Tony Raines: NASCAR driver
- Ron Reed: former MLB pitcher
- John G. Roberts: Chief Justice of the United States
- William Scholl: founder of Dr. Scholl's
- Slug Signorino: Commercial artist; illustrator for The Straight Dope
- Scott Skiles: Milwaukee Bucks head coach
- Emerson Spartz: founder of MuggleNet, the most-visited Harry Potter Web site in the world, and GivesMeHope.
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- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Stephens, Dave (2012-01-22). "La(?)Porte's Space Odyssey". South Bend Tribune. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
- http://www.cityoflaporte.com/vis_history.asp Official Website of the City of La Porte, History of La Porte. Retrieved 03/12/10.
- Moore, Powell A.; The Calumet Region, Indiana’s Last Frontier; Indiana Historical Collections, Vol. XXXIX; Indiana Historical Bureau, Reprint 1977
- http://www.in.gov/icpr/2605.htm Indiana Commission on Public Records. Retrieved 03/12/10.
- http://www.cityoflaporte.com/vis_history.asp Official Website of the City of LaPorte, History of La Porte. Retrieved 03/12/10.
- http://www.cityoflaporte.com/vis_history.asp Official Website of the City of La Porte, History of La Porte. Retrieved 10/10/10.
- http://www.kenherceg.com/pdfs/portfolio_architectural.pdf Ken Herceg & Associates. Retrieved 10/10/10.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Indiana". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- http://www.ihsaa.org/dnn/Sports/Boys/Baseball/TeamStateChampions/tabid/94/Default.aspx IHSAA Historical Information. Retrieved 03/12/10.
- City of La Porte, Indiana website
- Greater La Porte Chamber of Commerce
- The La Porte County Herald-Argus website
- What's New La Porte? Community Stories website
- The La Porte County Public Library
- The Internet Movie Database - Titles with locations including La Porte, Indiana, USA
- La Porte, Indiana: A Documentary Film