Michael Morpurgo at a book fair in Paris in March 2008.
|Born||Michael Andrew Bridge
5 October 1943
St Albans, Hertfordshire, England, UK
Born in 1943, he attended schools in London, Sussex and Canterbury. He went on to King's College London, University of London to study English and French, followed by a step into the teaching profession and a job in a primary school in Kent. It was there that he discovered what he wished to do.
Morpurgo's biological father is actor Tony Van Bridge. His mother, Kippe Cammaerts, who had been an actress, met Jack Morpurgo while Bridge was away during World War II. Morpurgo did not find out who his biological father was until he was 19, when watching Great Expectations with his mother, in which Bridge appeared. Morpurgo has one older brother, Peter.
Michael Morpurgo was educated at schools in central London, Devon, Sussex and Kent; his unhappy experiences at boarding school would inform his novel The Butterfly Lion. He attended the independent prep school Mount House in Devon until he was 13. He then went to The King's School, an independent school in Canterbury. He later trained for the British Army at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. He then took up a teaching job. He graduated with a 3rd class degree in English and French from King's College London.
Life and career
From teaching to writing
Morpurgo's first job was as a primary school teacher, in Kent. In his late twenties, while he was teaching, he discovered his talent for storytelling, of which he later said "I could see there was magic in it for them, and realized there was magic in it for me."
His writing career was inspired by Ted Hughes' Poetry in the Making, Paul Gallico's The Snow Goose and Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea. Poets Seán Rafferty and Ted Hughes were influential in his career, with Hughes becoming a friend, mentor and neighbour.
In 2009, he donated the short story "Look At Me, I Need a Smile" to Oxfam's Ox-Tales project, four collections of UK stories written by 38 authors. Morpurgo's story was published in the "Water" collection.
Morpurgo's work is noted for its "magical storytelling", for recurring themes such as the triumph of an outsider or survival, for characters' relationships with nature, and for vivid settings such as the Cornish coast or World War I.
Farms for City Children
Michael married Clare, eldest daughter of Sir Allen Lane, the founder of Penguin Books. In 1976, Michael and Clare established the charity Farms for City Children, with the primary aim of providing children from inner city areas with experience of the countryside. The programme involves the children spending a week at a countryside farm, during which they take part in purposeful farmyard work.
About 85,000 children have taken part in the scheme since it was set up, and the charity now has three farms in Devon, Gloucestershire and Wales. In 1999 the couple were created Members of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) in recognition of these services to youth. Morpurgo was later elevated to Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) on 17 June 2006 for his services to literature.
Morpurgo is patron to the following charities: The Prince of Wales Art and Kids Foundation; What about the Children?; Montessori Education UK; Bag Books; The Unicorn Theatre; The Lincoln Book Festival; The Oundle Festival; The Works Theatre Company; The Down Syndrome Educational Trust; The Browning Society; English PEN, Readers and Writers; The Ambassador Hans Christian Andersen 2005 Foundation; Kidzone Finland; and the Two Parishes Festival.
Morpurgo was involved in the development of the Children's Laureate award: "The idea for the Children's Laureate originated from a conversation between (the then) Poet Laureate Ted Hughes and children's writer Michael Morpurgo." He was the third person to become Children's Laureate and held the title from 2003 to 2005.
Gentle Giant was presented as an opera by composer Stephen McNeff and librettist Mike Kenny at the Royal Opera House in 2006. Film versions have been made of Friend or Foe (1981) and Why the Whales Came (1989), the latter also being adapted to a stage play. My Friend Walter (1988) 'Purple Penguins' (2000) and Out of the Ashes (2001) have been adapted for television.
War Horse has been adapted as a radio broadcast and as a stage play, premièring in South Bank, London, on 17 October 2007, with the horses played by life-sized horse puppets horses designed and built by the Handspring Puppet Company. The show transferred to the West End on 28 March 2009, and on 15 March 2011, the show premiered on Broadway at the Vivian Beaumont Theater.War Horse was also adapted as a 2011 British film directed by Steven Spielberg.
Composer Stephen Barlow created a musical adaptation of Rainbow Bear, narrated by his wife Joanna Lumley. This was subsequently presented as a ballet by the National Youth Ballet of Great Britain in August 2010.
Reception and impact
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Reading Matters calls Morpurgo's 1999 Kensuke's Kingdom "A quietly told story, but plenty of drama and emotion."
Literary awards and prizes
- 1991 Carnegie Medal: Waiting for Anya
- 1995 Carnegie Medal: Arthur, High King of Britain
- 1996 Carnegie Medal: The Wreck of the Zanzibar
- 2002 W. H. Smith Award for Children's Literature: Out of the Ashes
- 2003 Blue Peter Book Award: The Book I Couldn't Put Down: Cool!
- 2003 Carnegie Medal: Private Peaceful
- 2004 Whitbread Children's Book Award: Private Peaceful
- 2012, Bippo award for books, Bippo
- 2010 Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis (German youth literature prize): Warten auf Anya (Waiting for Anya)
- 1993 Prix Sorcières (France): King of the Cloud Forests
- 1995 Whitbread Children's Book Award: The Wreck of the Zanzibar
- 1996 Nestlé Smarties Book Prize (Gold Award): The Butterfly Lion
- 1999 Prix Sorcières (France): Wombat Goes Walkabout
- 2000 Red House Children's Book Award: Kensuke's Kingdom
- 2001 Prix Sorcières (France): Kensuke's Kingdom
- 2002 Nestlé Smarties Book Prize (Bronze Award): The Last Wolf
- 2004 Red House Children's Book Award: Private Peaceful
- 2005 Blue Peter Book of the Year Award: Private Peaceful
- 2005 Hampshire Book Award: Private Peaceful
- 2008 California Young Reader Medal: Private Peaceful
In a statistical overview derived from writings by and about Morpurgo, OCLC/WorldCat encompasses roughly 300+ works in 1,000+ publications in 25 languages and 55,000+ library holdings. He is known primarily for the more than 120 books he has written.
- It Never Rained: Five Stories (1974)
- Living Poets (compiler with Clifford Simmons) (1974)
- Long Way Home (1975)
- Thatcher Jones (1975)
- The Story-Teller (compiler with Graham Barrett) (1976)
- Friend or Foe (1977)
- Do All You Dare (1978)
- What Shall We Do with It? (1978)
- All Around the Year (with Ted Hughes) (1979)
- Love at First Sight (1979)
- IwowThat's How (1979)
- The Day I Took the Bull By the Horn (1979)
- The Ghost-Fish (1979)
- The Marble Crusher and Other Stories (1980)
- The Nine Lives of Montezuma (1980)
- Miss Wirtle's Revenge (1981)
- The White Horse of Zennor: And Other Stories from below the Eagle's Nest (1982)
- War Horse (1982)
- Twist of Gold (1983)
- Little Foxes (1984)
- Why the Whales Came (1985)
- Words of Songs (libretto, music by Phyllis Tate) (1985)
- Tom's Sausage Lion (1986)
- Conker (1987)
- Jo-Jo, the Melon Monkey (1987)
- King of the Cloud Forests (1988)
- Mossop's Last Chance (with Shoo Rayner) (1988)
- My Friend Walter (1988)
- Albertine, Goose Queen (with Shoo Rayner) (1989)
- Mr. Nobody's Eyes (1989)
- Jigger's Day Off (with Shoo Rayner) (1990)
- Waiting for Anya (1990)
- And Pigs Might Fly! (with Shoo Rayner) (1991)
- Colly's Barn (1991)
- The Sandman and the Turtles (1991)
- Martians at Mudpuddle Farm (with Shoo Rayner) (1992)
- The King in the Forest (1993)
- The War of Jenkins' Ear (1993)
- Arthur, High King of Britain (1994)
- Snakes and Ladders (1994)
- The Dancing Bear (1994)
- Blodin the Beast (1995)
- Mum's the Word (with Shoo Rayner) (1995)
- Stories from Mudpuddle Farm (with Shoo Rayner) (1995)
- The Wreck of the Zanzibar (1995)
- Robin of Sherwood (1996)
- Sam's Duck (1996)
- The Butterfly Lion (1996)
- The Ghost of Grania O'Malley (1996)
- Farm Boy (1997)
- Cockadoodle-doo, Mr Sultana! (1998)
- Escape from Shangri-La (1998)
- Joan of Arc (1998)
- Red Eyes at Night (1998)
- Wartman (1998)
- Kensuke's Kingdom (1999)
- The Rainbow Bear (1999)
- Wombat Goes Walkabout (1999)
- Billy the Kid (2000)
- Black Queen (2000)
- Dear Olly (2000)
- From Hereabout Hill (2000)
- The Silver Swan (2000)
- Who's a Big Bully Then? (2000)
- More Muck and Magic (2001)
- Out of the Ashes (2001)
- Toro! Toro! (2001)
- Cool! (2002)
- Mr. Skip (2002)
- The Last Wolf (2002)
- The Sleeping Sword (2002)
- Gentle Giant (2003)
- Private Peaceful (2003)
- Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (2004)
- Dolphin Boy (2004)
- I Believe in Unicorns (2005)
- The Amazing Story of Adolphus Tips (2005)
- War: Stories of Conflict (compiler) (2005)
- Albatross (2006)
- It's a Dog's Life (2006)
- Alone on a Wide, Wide Sea (2006)
- Beowulf (2006), illustrated by Michael Foreman
- Born to Run (2007)
- The Mozart Question (2007)
- Hansel and Gretel (2008)
- This Morning I Met a Whale (2008)
- Kaspar: Prince of Cats (2008)
- The Voices of Children (2008) (play)
- The Birthday Book (editor, with Quentin Blake) (2008)
- Running Wild (2009)
- The Kites Are Flying! (2009)
- An Elephant in the Garden (2010)
- Not Bad for a Bad Lad (2010)
- Shadow (2010)
- Little Manfred (2011)
- The Pied Piper of Hamelin (2011)
- Sparrow: The True Story of Joan of Arc (2012)
- Outlaw: The Story of Robin Hood (2012)
- Homecoming (2012)
- Wherever My Wellies Take Me (with Clare Morpurgo) (2012)
- A Medal For Leroy (2012)
Radio and television broadcasts
- Carey, Joanna (1999). Interview with Michael Morpurgo. ISBN 978-0-7497-3866-2
- Fergusson, Maggie (2012). Michael Morpurgo: War Child to War Horse. ISBN 9780007387267
- Fox, Geoff (2004). Dear Mr Morpingo: Inside the World of Michael Morpurgo. ISBN 978-1-84046-607-2
- McCarthy, Shaun (2005). Michael Morpurgo. ISBN 978-0-431-17995-7
- Morpurgo, Michael et al. La Revue Des Livres Pour Enfants Number 250, December 2009: "Michael Morpurgo" pp 79–124. (French)
- Franks, Alan (22 September 2007). "Courses for horses". The Times. Retrieved 23 September 2007.
- Paul Arendt (20 November 2007). "Children's author Michael Morpurgo on 'Beowulf'". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 November 2007.
- The London Gazette: . 17 June 2005.
- "Michael Morpurgo; Jean Webb". Michaelmorpurgo.org. 23 May 2006. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- "How a horse changed my life". Www.saga.co.uk. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "Richard Dimbleby Lecture", BBC One. 15 February 2011, retrieved 17 April 2011.
- "Michael Morpurgo, M.B.E.". www.harpercollins.co.uk. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
- "Michael Morpurgo," Guardian (US). 22 July 2008, retrieved 17 April 2011.
- "Ox- Tales,". Oxfam GB. retrieved 17 April 2011.
- "Penguin, Puffin and the Paperback Revolution". BBC Four. 2 September 2010; retrieved 17 April 2011
- Farms for City Children, Registered Charity no. 325120 at the Charity Commission
- AdventureBox Books Interview on Farms for Children
- Farms for City Children webpage
- UK Children's Laureate, about the award
- Lyall, Sarah. "Undaunted Author of ‘War Horse’ Reflects on Unlikely Hit," New York Times (US). 12 April 2011, retrieved 17 April 2011.
- "'War Horse' Opens In The West End 3/28/09" broadwayworld.com, 8 December 2008
- Hetrick, Adam (20 December 2010). "Seth Numrich to Lead 'War Horse' on Broadway; 35-Member Cast Announced". Playbill. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
- "Kensuke's Kingdom by Michael Morpurgo: book review". Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- California Young Reader Medal (CYRM), 2008 Young Adult winners
- WorldCat Identities: Morpurgo, Michael
- War: Stories of Conflict (2005). HarperCollins. ISBN 978-1-4050-4744-9
- Newberry, Linda. "Running Wild by Michael Morpurgo," The Guardian (UK). 7 November 2009, 17 April 2011.
- "The Kites Are Flying!" Walker Books, retrieved on 17 April 2011.
- Michael Morpurgo (May 2010). Not Bad for a Bad Lad. Templar Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84877-308-0. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
- Michael Morpurgo (1 October 2010). Shadow. HarperCollins Publishers Limited. ISBN 978-0-00-733960-0. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
- HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-733966-2
- Walker Books. ISBN 978-1-4063-1511-0
- London: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-746595-8
- London: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-746592-7
- London: Walker Books. ISBN 978-1-4063-3202-5
- London: Templar Publishing. ISBN 9781848775442
- London: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-748751-6
- BBC/OU Open2.net – The Invention of Childhood – Meet the presenter. Open2.net (21 August 2006). Retrieved on 6 April 2011.
- "Former Children's Laureate Michael Morpurgo OBE calls for recognition of children's rights in BBC One's Richard Dimbleby Lecture". Press Office. BBC. Retrieved 15 February 2011.
- Official website (new version)
- Official website (old version)
- Website at Egmont
- Website at HarperCollins
- Profile at Contemporary Writers
- The Observer: "Once upon a life: Michael Morpurgo"
- Michael Morpurgo at the Internet Movie Database
|Children's Laureate of the United Kingdom