Kedgeree (or occasionally kitcherie, kitchari, kidgeree, kedgaree, or kitchiri) is a dish consisting of cooked, flaked fish (sometimes smoked haddock), boiled rice, parsley, hard-boiled eggs, curry powder, butter or cream and occasionally sultanas.
Kedgeree is thought to have originated with an Indian rice-and-bean or rice-and-lentil dish Khichri (or Pongal), traced back to 1340 or earlier. It is widely believed that the dish was brought to the United Kingdom by returning British colonials who had enjoyed it in India and introduced it to the UK as a breakfast dish in Victorian times, part of the then fashionable Anglo-Indian cuisine. It is one of many breakfast dishes that, in the days before refrigeration, converted yesterday's leftovers into hearty and appealing breakfast dishes, of which bubble and squeak is probably the best known.
Hobson-Jobson cites Ibn Batuta (c. 1340) mentioning a dish of munj (moong) boiled with rice called Kishrī, and cites a recipe for Khichri from Ain-i-Akbari (c. 1590). According to Hobson-Jobson, while fish is eaten with kedgeree, the use of the term for “mess of re-cooked fish ... is inaccurate”.
An alternative view is that the dish originated from Scotland and was taken to India by Scottish troops during the British Raj, where it was adapted and adopted as part of Indian cuisine. The National Trust for Scotland's book The Scottish Kitchen by Christopher Trotter traces the origins for the kedgeree recipe to books by the Malcolms[disambiguation needed] dating back to the year 1790. According to this theory the dish travelled to India then returned to the wider UK.
The dish can be eaten hot or cold. Other fish can be used instead of haddock such as tuna or salmon, though that is not traditional.
Other mixed rice dishes
- Arroz con Pollo, Arroz con gandules, Platillo Moros y Cristianos, Gallo Pinto, Pabellón criollo, Rice and beans (Latin America)
- Bibimbap (Korea)
- Biriani (South Asia)
- Fried Rice (East Asia)
- Jambalaya (Louisiana)
- Jollof rice (West Africa)
- Hoppin' John (Southern United States)
- Kabsa (Saudi Arabia)
- Kushari (Egypt)
- Nasi Goreng (Indonesia)
- Paella (Spain)
- Pilaf/Pulao (Greece, Balkans, Turkey, Iran, Central Asia, South Asia)
- Rice and peas (Caribbean)
- Risotto (Italy)
- Spanish rice (Mexico)
- Takikomi gohan (Japan)
- Lobscouse and Spotted Dog; Which It's a Gastronomic Companion to the Aubrey/Maturin Novels, Anne Chotzinoff Grossman and Lisa Grossman Thomas, Norton, 1997, p. 12. ISBN 978-0-393-32094-7
- Smith, Delia. "Buttery Kedgeree". Delia Smith’s Complete Cookery Course. Retrieved 2008-03-10.
- Yule, Sir Henry. "Hobson-Jobson entry on Kedgeree". Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of colloquial Anglo-Indian words and phrases, and of kindred terms, etymological, historical, geographical and discursive. New ed. edited by William Crooke, B.A. London: J. Murray, 1903
- "Recipe for kedgeree". Scottishrecipes.co.uk. 2007-06-06. Retrieved 2009-03-12.
- Kedgeree at Wikibook Cookbooks
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