Judiciary of Puerto Rico
The Judiciary of Puerto Rico is defined under the Constitution of Puerto Rico and consists of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico, Court of Appeals, and the Court of First Instance consisting of the Superior Courts and the Municipal Courts.
Article V, Section 6 of the Constitution of Puerto Rico and Section 2003 of the Judiciary Act of 1995 empowers the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico to adopt rules of court. It is supported by the Office of Court Administration (Oficina de Administración de los Tribunales) led by the Administrative Director of the Courts (Director Administrativo de los Tribunales).
The Bar Association of Puerto Rico (Colegio de Abogados de Puerto Rico) is the bar association.
The courts consist of the:
- Supreme Court of Puerto Rico;
- Court of Appeals; and
- Court of First Instance.
The Supreme Court of Puerto Rico (Tribunal Supremo) is the highest court of Puerto Rico, having judicial authority to interpret and decide questions of Puerto Rican law. The Court is analogous to one of the state supreme courts of the states of the United States; being the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico the highest state court and the court of last resort in Puerto Rico. Article V of the Constitution of Puerto Rico vests the judicial power on the Supreme Court
Court of Appeals
The Court of Appeals of Puerto Rico (Tribunal de Apelaciones) reviews decisions of the Courts of First Instance in addition to the final decisions of administrative agencies. The Judiciary Act of 1992 created the Court of Appeal as an intermediate court between the Courts of First Instance and the Supreme Court. The seat of the Court in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The Court consists of 39 judges.
Court of First Instance
The Court of First Instance (Tribunal de Primera Instancia) is further composed of the:
- Superior Courts; and
- Municipal Courts.
In 2003, the Court of First Instance was divided into 13 districts for administrative purposes.
The 9 Superior Courts (Tribunal Superior) are the main trial courts. These courts have original jurisdiction in civil cases not exceeding $10,000, minor criminal cases, and preliminary motions in more serious criminal cases.
There are Municipal Courts (Tribunal Municipal) for each of the 78 Municipalities of Puerto Rico. They replaced the previous District Courts (Tribunal de Distrito) by Act No. 92 of 5 December 1991.
The Court of Appeals judges are appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate and serve for a period of 16 years.
The judges of the Court are appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate. Both Superior Court judges and Municipal Court judges are appointed for a term of 12 years.
- La Rama Judicial de Puerto Rico (Spanish)
|This article relating to law in the United States, or its constituent jurisdictions is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This Puerto Rico-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|