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|Jan Amor Tarnowski|
|Coat of arms||Leliwa|
Jan Aleksander Tarnowski
Jan Amor Tarnowski
with Zofia Szydłowiecka
Jan Krzysztof Tarnowski
|Father||Jan Amor Mlodszy Tarnowski|
|Mother||Barbara Zawisza z Różnowa|
|Died||May 16, 1561 (aged 72–73)
Jan Amor Tarnowski (1488–1561) was a Polish szlachcic (nobleman). He was Grand Crown Hetman from 1527 and was the founder of the city of Tarnopol, where he built the Ternopil Castle and the Ternopil Pond.
He was born in 1488 as a son of Jan Amor Mlodszy Tarnowski, Kraków's castellan, and his second wife Barbara z Rożnowa, granddaughter of famous knight Zawisza Czarny. He had five siblings from first marriage of his father. They were Jan Amor Starszy, Jan Aleksander (d. 1497), Katarzyna, Zofia and Elżbieta. He had also five sisters from the first marriage of his mother. He spent his earliest years in Rożnowo and Staresioło. He was designed for be a priest. After death of his father in 1500, his teacher Maciej Drzewiecki convinced Barbara z Rożnowa to resign from this plan. In 1501 Jan Tarnowski was sent to king's court. Suddenly, on 17 June 1501 king Jan Olbracht died and Jan Tarnowski returned to Rożnowo, his mother's domain.
In 1508 he fought against Russia in battle of Orsza and in 1509 against Moldavia in battle of Chocim and upon Dniestr as a commander of his own chorągiew. Then in 1512 he was involved in battle of Łopuszna, where Tatars where defeated by Poles.
He was owner of Tarnów, Wiewiórka, Rożnów, Przeworsk, Stare Sioło, a Knight of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre from September 1, 1518, castellan wojnicki from 6 June 1522, voivode of Ruthenian Voivodeship from April 2, 1527 and of Kraków Voivodeship from October 10, 1535, castellan of Kraków and Starost of Sandomierz, Stryj, Żydaczów, Dolina, Sandecz, chmielnowski, Lubaczów and horodelski from March 15, 1536.
In 1521, he participated in Ottoman-Habsburg wars. He was amongst the first Hetmans of the Polish Army after its great reforms. He led the Polish Army to many victories amongst which was the victory at Obertyn (1531) against Moldavians, and at Starodub (1535) against the Muscovites in the Muscovite wars.
He also developed, among other things, horse artillery, field hospitals at the expense of the government, headquarters services, and field sappers. Throughout his entire service as a Hetman, he preached a doctrine of flexibility.
About 1511 he married with Barbara Tęczyńska, daughter of Mikołaj Tęczyński, voivode of Ruthenian Voivodeship. She was niece of first mother's husband.
- Podhorodecki, Leszek (1994). Sławni hetmani Rzeczypospolitej. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo MADA. p. 17. ISBN 83-86170-06-9.
- Dworzaczek, Włodzimierz (1985). Hetman Jan Tarnowski. Z dziejów możnowładztwa małopolskiego. Warszawa: Instytut Wydawniczy PAX. p. 17. ISBN 83-211-0584-X.
- Podhorodecki, Leszek (1994). Sławni hetmani Rzeczypospolitej. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo MADA. p. 18. ISBN 83-86170-06-9.
- Podhorodecki, Leszek (1994). Sławni hetmani Rzeczypospolitej. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo MADA. pp. 20–21. ISBN 83-86170-06-9.
- Podhorodecki, Leszek (1994). Sławni hetmani Rzeczypospolitej. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo MADA. p. 21. ISBN 83-86170-06-9.