|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||33.01 g mol−1|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)|
Hydroperoxyl is formed through the transfer of a proton to an oxygen atom.
- O2− + H2O HO2 + OH−
Unlike O2−, which predominantly acts as a reductant, HO2 can act as an oxidant in a number of biologically important reactions, such as the abstraction of hydrogen atoms from tocopherol and polyunstaturated fatty acids in the lipid bilayer. As such, it may be an important initiator of lipid peroxidation.
Because dielectric constant has a strong effect on pKa, and the dielectric constant of air is quite low, superoxide produced (photochemically) in the atmosphere is almost exclusively present as HO2. As HO2 is quite reactive, it acts as a "cleanser" of the atmosphere by degrading certain organic pollutants. As such, the chemistry of HO2 is of considerable geochemical importance.
Effect on environment
- "Hydroperoxyl radical". Glossary of Meteorology.
- Reactivity of HO2/O2− Radicals in Aqueous Solution. J Phys Chem Ref Data, 1985. 14(4): p. 1041-1091