Horse mackerel is a vague vernacular term for a range of species of fish throughout the English-speaking world. It is commonly applied to pelagic fishes, especially of the Carangidae (jack mackerels and scads) family, most commonly those of the genera Trachurus or Caranx. Species known as "horse mackerel" in one English dialect or another include:
- Sarda australis, Australian bonito (Australia)
- Trachurus declivis, Greenback horse mackerel (Australia)
- Alectis indicus, Indian threadfish (Malaysia)
- Caranx hippos, Crevalle jack (Guyana, India)
- Megalaspis cordyla, torpedo scad (India)
- Selar crumenophthalmus, bigeye (India)
- Trachurus trachurus, Atlantic horse mackerel (United Kingdom, Ireland)
- Caranx crysos, blue runner (Guadaloupe, Martinique)
- Trachurus novaezelandiae, yellowtail horse mackerel (New Zealand)
- Trachurus capensis, cape horse mackerel (South Africa)
- various Scombridae, tuna
- various saurel of the Pacific coast of the Americas
- Naucrates ductor, pilot fish
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