Holy Trinity Church (Old Swedes)
Holy Trinity (Old Swedes) Church
Holy Trinity Church (Old Swedes)
|Location:||E. 7th St. and Church St., Wilmington, Delaware|
|Architectural style:||No Style Listed|
|Added to NRHP:||October 15, 1966|
|Designated NHL:||November 5, 1961|
The church was built in 1698–99 in the Swedish colony of New Sweden from local blue granite and Swedish bricks that had been used as ship's ballast. The church was situated on the site of the Fort Christina's burial ground, which dates to 1638. It is claimed that it is "the nation's oldest church building still used for worship as originally built". There are reportedly over 15,000 burials in the churchyard. Lutheran Church services were held in the Swedish language well into the 18th century.
The church has housed an Episcopal parish since 1791 and is now part of the Episcopal Diocese of Delaware. An earlier church in New Sweden was built in Swanwyck, near New Castle about 1662 which was replaced by a combined church and fort at Crane Hook in 1667.
In 1958 the historic Hendrickson House was moved to the grounds of the church. The church building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1961. Trinity Parish operates two church buildings in Wilmington, both listed on the NRHP: the main building on North Adams, and Old Swedes at East 7th and Church Streets.
Burials in churchyard
Notable burials include:
- Alexis Irenee du Pont Bayard (1918–1985), Lieutenant Governor of Delaware
- Elizabeth Bradford du Pont Bayard (1880–1975)
- James A. Bayard (1799–1880), U.S. Senator
- Richard Bayard (1796–1868), first Mayor of Wilmington, U.S. Senator
- Thomas F. Bayard, Sr. (1828–1898), Secretary of State under President Cleveland
- Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. (1868–1942), U.S. Senator
- Dr. Joseph Capelle, a Revolutionary War veteran
- Catharina and Britta Cock (d. 1726)
- Frank Martine Heal
- Major Peter Jaquett, a Revolutionary War veteran
- The Right Reverend Alfred Lee, first Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Delaware
- Ignatius Grubb (1841–1927), Justice of Delaware state supreme court.
- Captain Hugh Montgomery, Captain of the Brig Nancy, first ship to fly the American Flag in a foreign port
- Elizabeth Montgomery, daughter of Capt. Hugh Montgomery
- Charles Springer, first Warden
- William Vandever (d. 1718), grave marked with the oldest legible stone
- Mary Vining, Belle of the American Revolutionary period
- Samuel White (1770–1809), U.S. Senator
- James Harrison Wilson (1837–1925) Union general in the Civil War
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- "Holy Trinity (Old Swedes) Church". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-02.
- Holy Trinity (Old Swedes') Church
- Old Swedes Episcopal Church, Wilmington, DE
- Sacred Reminiscences in the Old Swedes' Church (by The Rev. John W. McCullough, Rector of Trinity Church (Wilmington, Del.: Printed by Porter & Naff, 1842
- Richard Greenwood (July 22, 1975) National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Holy Trinity (Old Swedes) Church, National Park Service and http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Photos/66000261.pdf Accompanying 6 photos, exterior and interior, from 1967 and undated
- The Episcopal Church in Delaware | Trinity Parish Delaware
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Old Swedes, Wilmington|
- Old Swedes Foundation website
- Trinity Parish website
- Swedish Colonial Society
- History of Holy Trinity (Old Swedes) Church 1697-1773
- Historic Churches of American by Nellie Urner Wallington, 1907.
- Holy Trinity Church, Seventh & Church Street, Wilmington, New Castle County, DE: 8 photos, 7 drawings, 6 data pages and supplemental material, at Historic American Building Survey
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