|— Town —|
|• Town manager||Tita Rinnevaara|
|• Total||839.29 km2 (324.05 sq mi)|
|• Land||676.33 km2 (261.13 sq mi)|
|• Water||162.96 km2 (62.92 sq mi)|
|Area rank||139th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||55th largest in Finland|
|• Density||29.59/km2 (76.6/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||98% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||14.4%|
|• 15 to 64||63.7%|
|• 65 or older||21.9%|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Municipal tax rate||20.5%|
Heinola is a town and a municipality of 20,013 inhabitants (28 February 2013) located in the region of Päijänne Tavastia. Heinola is perhaps best known for its summer activities such as the Sauna-sitting World Championships.
Heinola used to be a remote village of then larger Hollola until it gained significance in 1776 when Gustav III of Sweden promoted it to be the governmental center of the province in which it was then located. The grid plan of the city center is from that era. Heinola also became a center of commerce for nearby regions.
When Finland became a part of Russia in 1809, the capital of the province was moved eastwards with the state border. To compensate this, Heinola gained a city status in 1839. Before World War II, Heinola was widely known as a spa town, and until 1972 it served as a location for an institute (seminaari) that taught elementary school teachers. These both were established in the 1890s and played important role in the town life.
After World War II Heinola has been economically an industrial town, mainly due to its wood processing industry. Industry remained the largest source of employment until 1970s, when the trade and services sector grew larger, following a national trend.
Heinola has been hit hard by Late-2000s recession. UPM-Kymmene, that used to be the largest employer after the public sector, has reported closing down its sawmill and plywood mill in Heinola during 2010.
Heinola is largely situated between two lakes, Ruotsalainen and Konnivesi. A waterway connecting the lakes crosses the town and is, along with an esker also crossing the town, a characterising geographical feature of Heinola.
Twin towns — Sister cities
- "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
- "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 28.2.2013" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "The history of Heinola". Heinolan kaupunki. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
- "UPM job losses total 830". YLE. 12 January 2010. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
Media related to Heinola at Wikimedia Commons
- Town of Heinola – official website