Hassa bint Ahmed Al Sudairi
|Hassa Al Sudairi|
Prince Abdul Rahman
Princess Al Jawhara
|Hassa bint Ahmed bin Mohammad Al Sudairi|
|House||House of Saud|
|Father||Ahmed bin Muhammad Al Sudairi|
|Died||1969 (aged 69)|
Hassa bint Ahmed was a member of the influential Sudairi family from Najd. The family is part of the noble Dawasir tribe. The mother of King Abdulaziz was also a member of this family, Sarah Al Sudairi.
Her father, Ahmed bin Muhammed Al Sudairi (1869-1936), was a powerful chief of the Sudairi tribe and one of the early supporters of King Abdulaziz during the latter's attempt to conquer Saudi Arabia. After the formation of the state, her father served as governor in Washm, Sudair, Qassim and Aflaj provinces. Her brothers were also appointed by King Abdulaziz as governors. Turki bin Ahmed was the governor of Asir Province; Abdulaziz bin Ahmed was the governor of the former Provinces of Quraiyat al Milh and Wadi Sirhan; Khalid bin Ahmed was the governor of Tabuk Province; Muhammad bin Ahmed was the governor of the Northern Province; Abdul Rahman bin Ahmad was the governor of Jauf and Musa'id bin Ahmed was the governor of Jizan Province. Khalid bin Ahmed also served as the governor of Najran Province and the minister of agriculture.
Early years and marriage
Hassa bint Ahmed was born in 1900. King Abdulaziz married her twice. She was his 8th wife. Their first marriage was in 1913 when she was thirteen years. In 1920, they remarried. In the period between their first and second marriages, Hassa bint Ahmad was married to Ibn Saud’s half brother of the same age, Muhammad bin Abdul Rahman. It is assumed that Ibn Saud remained in love with Hassa bint Ahmed, and therefore, forced his half-brother to divorce her so that he could remarry her. Hassa bint Ahmed and King Abdulaziz stayed married until the latter's death in 1953.
Hassa bint Ahmed and King Abdulaziz had eleven children, seven of whom are sons. No other spouse of King Abdulaziz produced more sons than Hassa Al Sudairi. Hassa bint Ahmed became the most valued spouse of King Abdulaziz due to being mother of seven sons. Because in Arab culture, the most prominent wife is one who gives birth the largest number of sons. Therefore, Hassa had the advantage of being a "Mother of Boys."
The sons resulting from their marriage are known as the Sudairi Seven (Arabic: عائلةالسديري). They were also called the "magnificient seven." Her children from the marriage to King Abdulaziz are as follows:
- King Fahd (1921–2005), the fifth monarch of Saudi Arabia (13 June 1982 - 1 August 2005)
- Luluwah bint Abdulaziz (1928-2008)
- Sultan bin Abdulaziz (1930–2011)
- Abdul Rahman bin Abdulaziz (born 1931)
- Nayef bin Abdulaziz (1933-2012)
- Turki bin Abdulaziz (born 1934)
- Salman bin Abdulaziz (born 1935)
- Ahmed bin Abdulaziz (born 1942)
- Latifa bint Abdulaziz
- Al Jawhara bint Abdulaziz
- Jawaher bint Abdulaziz
Two of her daughters married to Abdullah bin Abdul Rahman's sons, younger brother of King Abdulaziz. Al Jawhara bint Abdulaziz is Khalid bin Abdullah's spouse and Jawaher bint Abdulaziz is Mohammad bin Abdullah's wife. Luluwah bint Abdulaziz is the mother of Abdullah bin Faisal bin Turki.
In addition to being the mother of seven sons, Hassa bint Ahmed had personal characteristics that made her the most valued spouse of King Abdulaziz. Firstly, she was very beautiful. She had charm and a strong personality. She was also influential, and attempted to instill a sense of group feeling among her sons. She raised all of her children in a political atmosphere and urged them to hang together. In addition, she had effects on some decisions of King Abdulaziz. For instance, she urged him to made Prince Fahd a member of his advisory board, and Prince Fahd became a member of the board.
Her familial relations
Hassa bint Ahmed is said to have organized daily dinner gatherings at her home for her sons and their families. She supported the idea of unity among her sons through these dinner gatherings. Her daughters are said to have continued her tradition of weekly dinner gatherings. She is reported to have been a demanding person in that she wanted to be visited daily by her sons when they were in Riyadh. She was also known for emphasizing discipline and a driving work ethic in her sons.
Hassa bint Ahmed raised Bandar bin Sultan, her grandson and a son of the late Sultan bin Abdulaziz. When Prince Bandar was eleven, he and his mother went to live with her in the palace after the death of King Abdulaziz.
Further relations with Al Saud family
Hassa bint Ahmed's younger sisters married King Abdulaziz's sons. Muhdi bint Ahmed married Prince Nasser and is Turki bin Nasser's mother. Another sister, Sultana bint Ahmed, was King Faisal's first wife and Abdullah Al Faisal's mother.
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