Lefty Louis Rosenberg and Horowitz with their captors
|Alias(es)||Gyp the Blood|
|Conviction(s)||Burglary, robbery, murder|
Harry Horowitz was born in 1889. He served prison terms for burglary and robbery. On July 16, 1912 he and three accomplices murdered gambler Herman Rosenthal outside the Metropole Hotel. The four shot Rosenthal to death. Two of the killers, Joseph Sidemschner (aka Whitey Lewis), and Francisco "Frank" Cirofici (aka Dago Frank) were arrested immediately after the killing along with Charles Becker, a detective from the New York Police Department who was suspected of being a business partner of Rosenthal, but Horowitz and the fourth gunman "Lefty" Louis Rosenberg, were not. There was a massive hunt for the missing two, who were found and arrested on September 14, 1912 in an apartment in Glendale, Queens, where they had been hiding for months.
Horowitz, Rosenberg, Sidemschner and Cirofici were convicted in November 1912. There were rumours that an attempt to rescue the criminals would be made during their transfer to Sing Sing Prison after the trial. Sheriff Julius Harburger, responsible for transporting the prisoners, received a number of anonymous notes, among which was one that said:
Sheriff Harburger—watch out when you take Gyp and his gang up the long steps at Ossining. Kitty the Second and his bunch will be there hiding in the rocks to shoot you up and rescue them. A WELL-WISHER.
Their case before the New York Court of Appeals was denied in February 1914, although Becker was granted a new trial. They produced additional witnesses on April 11, 1914, who swore to their innocence, but New York Supreme Court Justice Goff did not find them credible. Horowitz gave a last statement to the press on April 13, 1914, stating:
We all knew that the result was decided against us just as soon as we heard Justice Goff was in the case. We had given up expecting mercy either from Justice Goff or District Attorney Whitman.
A story quoted by Herbert Asbury states that on a small bet from one of his colleagues, Horowitz, only 5 foot, 4 and 3/4 inches and 140 pounds, would grab passers-by and break their backs over his knee.
- "Sullivan was there When Rosenthal Shot Down". New York Times: 1. July 27, 1912.
- "Three of the Men Hunted as Rosenthal's Slayers". New York Times: 2. July 25, 1912.
- "Gambler Who Defied Police is Shot Dead: Rosenthal Killed in Front of Hotel Metropole Early this Morning". New York Times: 1. July 16, 1912.
- "Civic Bodies Find Police are Lax". New York Times: 3. July 31, 1912.
- "'Gyp' and 'Lefty' Caught at Last, Here in Town". New York Times: 1. September 15, 1912.
- "Gunmen Ask Delay: Want Argument on their Appeals Put Over Till October". New York Times: 1. June 6, 1913.
- "Gunmen Hear To-Day The Death Sentence; Sheriff Will Take Them to Sing Sing at Once, Guarding Against Attack". New York Times: 24. November 26, 1912.
- "Becker Wins New Trial on Errors; Gunmen to Die". New York Times: 1. February 25, 1914.
- "Fresh Testimony not Worthy of Credence, Says Justice Goff". New York Times: 1. April 12, 1914.
- "Last Statements Made by Three of the Gunmen". New York Times: 1. April 13, 1914.
- "Glynn Silent on Confession: Governor also Refuses to Discuss the Executions". New York Times: 1. April 14, 1914.
- "Egoism of Becker Led Him to Murder: Gave His Life as the Price He Had Put on Place and Power Among His Fellows". New York Times: 3. July 31, 1915.
- Asbury, Herbert (1 July 2008). The Gangs of New York: An Informal History of the Underworld. Random House. ISBN 978-0-307-38898-8. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
- Dash, Mike. Satan's Circus: Murder, Vice, Police Corruption and New York's Trial of the Century, Crown, New York, 2006
- Gustavus, Myers. The History of Tammany Hall. New York: Boni & Liveright, 1917.
- Joselit, Jenna Weissman. Our Gang: Jewish Crime and the New York Jewish Community, 1900-1940. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1983. ISBN 0-253-15845-1
- Katcher, Leo. The Big Bankroll: The Life and Times of Arnold Rothstein. New York: Da Capo Press, 1994. ISBN 0-306-80565-0
- Kohn, George C. Dictionary of Culprits and Criminals. Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press, 1986.
- Lardner, James and Thomas Reppetto. NYPD: A City and Its Police. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 2000. ISBN 978-0-8050-6737-8
- Pietrusza, David. Rothstein: The Life, Times, and Murder of the Criminal Genius Who Fixed the 1919 World Series. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2003. ISBN 0-7867-1250-3
- Reeve, Arthur Benjamin. The Golden Age of Crime. New York: Mohawk Press, 1937.
- Tosches, Nick. King of the Jews: The Greatest Mob Story Never Told. New York: Harper Perennial, 2006.
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