Grindstone Island (Ontario)
The island was used by Charles Kingsmill, the first Admiral of the Royal Canadian Navy, as his summer residence. The main lodge was built in the early 20th century around an earlier 19th century structure. During the 1960s and 1970s, the island was used as a Quaker non-violence training centre and also as a co-operative conference centre. In August 1965, the island was the scene for a role-playing exercise — later referred to as "the Grindstone Experiment" — in nonviolent social defence.
The summer camp in the 1980s was, and still is, an important part of the lives of many who attended. It was an accepting and diverse collection of kids mostly from Ontario in the Toronto to Ottawa corridor. Children played games such as the popcorn game and the survival game which taught them about the distribution of wealth and power in society and the natural world.
- Theodore Olson and Gordon Christiansen: Thirty-One Hours: The Grindstone Experiment. The Grindstone Press, New London CT, USA (1966). Now online at http://www.civilresistance.info/grindstone
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