Gregory Reinhart (born 18 June 1951 in Pavilion, New York) is an American bass opera singer. He is noted for an extremely wide repertory which ranges from early music to the world premieres of several contemporary operas including Lowell Liebermann's The Picture of Dorian Gray, Philippe Manoury's K..., and Pascal Dusapin's Perelà, uomo di fumo. He has been praised in The Metropolitan Opera Guide to Recorded Opera for his performance in Monteverdi's L'Incoronazione di Poppea as one of the finest Senecas on record with "a magnificent bass voice: firm and clear throughout its wide range".
Gregory Reinhart was raised in upstate New York. In 1971, he entered Boston's New England Conservatory (NEC), where he studied voice with Mark Pearson and took master classes with Eleanor Steber. He graduated "with distinction" in 1974 and went on to receive his Master of Music Degree there in 1977. In 1976 he was a recipient of a fellowship award that also allowed him to train with Phyllis Curtin at the Tanglewood Music Center in Massachusetts. While at the NEC, he appeared in student performances of Ravel's L'heure espagnole and Donizetti's Don Pasquale. He directed the choir of St. John the Baptist in Quincy, sang with Emmanuel Music, and appeared as a soloist with the Boston Symphony Orchestra in the Monteverdi Vespers, Bach's St. Matthew Passion and Tchaikovsky's opera Eugene Onegin. Another early venture into opera was his performance in Verdi's Giovanna d'Arco with Boston Concert Opera, where according to the Boston Globe critic, Richard Dyer, "he sang the guest-star New York contingent right off the stage".
Reinhart first started training in voice with Professor Gloria Bugni McMaster at State University of New York at Geneseo, then went on to train as an opera singer at the American Institute of Musical Studies in Graz, where he took further classes with Eleanor Steber and studied with the soprano Patricia Brinton who encouraged him to continue his preparation in Paris. He remained with her there for two years, thanks to a private donor from Quincy, Adelina Chella. During his years in Paris, he received the advice and encouragement of Pierre Bernac and Camille Maurane. Most importantly for the development of his career, he met the French musicologist Jacques Chuilon in 1980. Their collaboration in developing a vocal technique that permits Reinhart to perform a wide repertory from Bach to Mozart to the dramatic bass roles of Richard Wagner, as well as German Lieder and French Mélodie, continues to this day.
Reinhart made his French operatic debut with the Atelier Lyrique de Tourcoing in 1981, when he sang the title role of Giovanni Paisiello's Le roi Théodore à Venise in its first performance in modern times. In 1984 he appeared at the Théâtre du Châtelet as both Huascar and Bellone in Rameau's Les Indes Galantes. It was the first time that a fully staged Rameau opera was performed in Paris with a full baroque period instrument orchestra. That same year he sang the role of Arnold in the French premiere of Hans Werner Henze's La chatte anglaise at the Opéra-Comique. Reinhart went on to sing leading bass roles in many of Europe's opera houses and concert halls over the next twenty years. Reinhart has also been a guest performer in opera, oratorio and recital in many prominent music festivals including the Aix-en-Provence Festival, the Handel Festival, Halle, the Santa Fe Opera Festival, the Rossini Opera Festival in Pesaro, and the Chorégies d'Orange Festival. Amongst the ensembles he has worked with are Groupe Vocale de France under John Alldis, Ensemble intercontemporain under Pierre Boulez, Concerto Vocale under René Jacobs, and Les Arts Florissants under William Christie.
Although he continues to be based in France, Reinhart has increasingly appeared in the United States. In 2002 he made his debut at New York City Opera as Claudius in Agrippina. His Washington National Opera debut followed in 2005 as The Old Hebrew in Samson et Dalila, conducted by Plácido Domingo. The following year he made his Metropolitan Opera debut as The Armoured Man in Die Zauberflöte. 2007 saw company debuts with Portland Opera as Oroveso in Norma and with Pittsburgh Opera as Sarastro in Die Zauberflöte. Gregory Reinhart opened San Francisco Opera's 2008-2009 season as Biterolf Landgraf in a new production of Tannhäuser.
World premiere performances
- Basil Hallward in Lowell Liebermann's The Picture of Dorian Gray, world premiere, Opéra de Monte-Carlo, 1996
- The Investigating Magistrate and The Prison Chaplain in Philippe Manoury's K..., world premiere, Opéra Bastille, 2001
- Pilone the Philosopher and The king's guard in Pascal Dusapin's Perelà, uomo di fumo, world premiere, Opéra Bastille, 2003
- le Bouddhiste in Alberto Bruni-Tedeschi's Secondatto, world premiere, Opéra de Nice, 1987
Gregory Reinhart's wide ranging stage repertoire includes:
- Beethoven: Symphony No. 9 (Augér, Reinhart, Robbin, Rolfe Johnson; London Symphony Chorus; Academy of Ancient Music; Christopher Hogwood, conductor). Label: L'Oiseau-Lyre/Decca.
- Berlioz: L'enfance du Christ (Reinhart, Osada, Theruel, Saelens, Cognet; Radio Suisse Italienne Orchestra and Chorus; Serge Baudo, conductor). Label: Forlane
- Cesti: Orontea (Bierbaum, Cadelo, Müller-Molinari, Reinhart, Jacobs, Poulenard, De Mey, Sarti; Concerto vocale; René Jacobs, conductor). Label: Harmonia Mundi.
- Charpentier: Pastorale de Noël (Mellon, Feldman, Reinhart; Les Arts Florissants; William Christie, conductor). Label: Harmonia Mundi.
- Handel: Messiah (Kweksilber, Bowman, Elliott, Reinhart; The Sixteen; Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra; Ton Koopman, conductor). Label: Erato.
- Handel: Saul (Kalpers, Jezovsek, Koch, Elwes, Kermes, Reinhart, Meier; Cologne Chamber Choir; Cartusianum Collegium; Peter Neumann, conductor). Label: MD&G Records
- Monteverdi: Il ballo delle ingrate (Laurens, Visse, Mellon, Reinhart, Feldman, Junghänel; Les Arts Florissants; William Christie, conductor). Label: Harmonia Mundi.
- Monteverdi: L'incoronazione di Poppea (Augér, Jones, Bowman, Reinhart, Watson, Beesley; City of London Baroque Sinfonia; Richard Hickox, conductor). Label: Virgin Classics
- Mozart: Requiem K. 626 (Hill, Visse, Reinhart, Alliot-Lugaz; Nord-Pas-de-Calais Regional Choir; La Grande Ecurie et la Chambre du Roy; Jean-Claude Malgoire, conductor). Label: Sony.
- Prokofiev: L'Amour des Trois Oranges (Bacquier, Bastin, Caroli, Dubosc, Fournier, Gautier, Henry, Lagrange, Parraguin, Reinhart, Texier; Opéra National de Lyon Orchestra and Chorus; Kent Nagano, conductor). Label: EMI Classics.
- Gruber (1993) p. 267
- Dyer (April 12, 1987)
- Jacques Chuilon is the author of Opéra Opinions (1994), Mattia Battistini: Le dernier divo (1996), and La voix qui chante (1998). The title "Mattia Battistini, King of Baritones and Baritone of Kings" was released in English (Scarecrow Press) in April 2009. See: www.chuilon.com
- Cadenhead, Frank, Perelà, Uomo di Fumo (review of the world premiere), Andante Magazine, February 2003. Accessed 4 December 2008.
- Cummings, David (ed.) International Who's who in Music and Musicians' Directory, Routledge, 2000, p. 535. ISBN 0-948875-53-4
- Dyer, Richard A Well-tempered Reinhart Returns to Boston After 10 Years in France, Boston Globe, April 12, 1987. Accessed via subscription 4 December 2008.
- Gruber, Paul (1993) The Metropolitan Opera Guide to Recorded Opera, New York: Metropolitan Opera Guild. ISBN 0-393-03444-5
- Metropolitan Opera performance archives. Accessed 4 December 2008.
- Midgette, Anne, Mother Knows Best For Her Little Nero, New York Times, April 9, 2002. Accessed 4 December 2008.
- Midgette, Anne, 'Magic Flute' as a Pageant With Technical Frailties, New York Times, January 23, 2006. Accessed 4 December 2008.
- Page, Tim, Torpid 'Samson' Finding Strength in Its Performances, Washington Post, May 16, 2005. Accessed 4 December 2008.
- Riding, Alan, Making New Opera Unstylishly Melodic (review of the world premiere of The Picture of Dorian Gray), New York Times, May 22, 1996. Accessed 4 December 2008.
- Riding, Alan, An Electronic Swirl for a Claustrophobic Labyrinth (review of the world premiere of K...), New York Times, April 5, 2001. Accessed 4 December 2008.
- Gregory Reinhart on IMG Artists International Artist Management
- Gregory Reinhart (Bass) - biography on bach-cantatas.com
- Reviews of Gregory Reinhart's performances and recordings in Opera News
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