Frontispice de Neues systematisches Conchylien-Cabinet.
Friedrich Heinrich Wilhelm Martini (1729–1780) was a German physician and conchologist.
Martini who practised in Hamburg began, in 1769, the richly colour illustrated shell book: Neues systematisches Conchylien-Cabinet. But he died after the publication of the third volume. His work was continued by Johann Hieronymus Chemnitz (1730–1800) who added eight volumes between 1779 and 1795. Even though the work does not use the binomial system both are considered the authors of the new species figured.