Franklin D. Roosevelt East River Drive
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2008)|
|Maintained by NYSDOT and NYCDOT|
|Length:||9.44 mi (15.19 km)|
|Existed:||1955 – present|
|History:||Upgraded in 1966|
|South end:||NY 9A / West Side Highway in Battery Park|
|I-495 at the Queens–Midtown Tunnel
NY 25 at the Queensboro Bridge
|North end:||Harlem River Drive at the Triborough Bridge|
The Franklin D. Roosevelt East River Drive (commonly referred to as the FDR Drive or simply, The FDR) is a 9.44-mile (15.19 km) freeway-standard parkway on the east side of the New York City borough of Manhattan. It starts just north of the Battery Park Underpass at South and Broad Streets and runs along the entire length of the East River, from the Battery Park Underpass under Battery Park – north of which it is the South Street Viaduct – north to 125th Street / Triborough Bridge exit, where it becomes the Harlem River Drive. All of the FDR Drive is designated New York State Route 907L (NY 907L), an unsigned reference route.
The highway is mostly three lanes in each direction, with the exception of a small section underneath the Brooklyn Bridge where it is two lanes southbound and one lane northbound. A section between the Queensboro Bridge/60/61st Street interchange is also narrowed to two lanes. By law, the current weight limits on the FDR Drive from 23rd Street to the Harlem River Drive in both directions is posted 8,000 pounds (3,600 kg). Buses are not allowed to use the roadway north of 23rd Street, because of clearance and weight issues. All commercial vehicles (including trucks) are banned from all sections of the FDR Drive. The FDR Drive features a mix of below-grade, at-grade, and elevated sections, as well as three partially covered tunnels.
The FDR Drive starts at the southern tip at South and Broad streets and becomes elevated to a point between Jackson Street and Gouverneur Slip, near the Manhattan Bridge exit. From there it is at street level, until it passes underneath the Houston Street overpass, then continues at grade. Once past the 18th Street curve, it becomes elevated briefly until 25th Street. At 30th Street the southbound roadway again becomes elevated; the northbound roadway is at street level when passing through Waterside Plaza between 23rd and 34th streets, then realigns with the southbound roadway above ground.
The roadway quickly dips onto street level after passing 42nd Street, the southbound roadway is inside a later structure resembling a tunnel while the northbound roadway appears to be on the outside of the tunnel. This is due to the construction of the United Nations Headquarters on a platform above the FDR which is at grade. From 51st to 63rd streets, in this tunnel, the southbound roadway is raised and runs over the northbound roadway, for access to the northbound exit/entrance to Queensboro Bridge. North of 63rd Street, the roadways become level and run underneath the pilotis of the New York-Presbyterian Hospital, while remaining at grade.
From 79th to 90th streets runs a final enclosed, at-grade portion; the southbound roadway is again raised over the northbound roadway in a short segment of the tunnel. The promenade of Carl Schurz Park was built over the highway, near Gracie Mansion. Except for a short elevation over the 96th Street interchange, the remaining portion of the roadway from this tunnel to the 125th Street interchange is at grade.
The Manhattan Waterfront Greenway runs below, beside or above the motor road, except between 34th and 63rd streets. A plaque dedicating the East River Drive is visible on the southbound roadway before entering the Gracie Mansion tunnel at 90th Street.
Originally named East River Drive, FDR Drive was later renamed after Franklin Delano Roosevelt. The roadway was designed by Robert Moses. He faced the difficulties of building a parkway/boulevard combination along the East River while minimizing disruptions to residents. The section from 125th Street to 92nd Street is the original 1934 construction, while sections from 92nd Street down to Battery Park (with the exception of a section from 42nd to 49th streets) were built as a boulevard, an arterial highway running at street level. Future reconstruction designs from 1948 to 1966 converted FDR Drive into the full parkway that is in use today.
The section of highway from 23rd Street to 34th Street was built on wartime rubble dumped by cargo ships returning from Bristol, England, during World War II. The German Luftwaffe bombed Bristol heavily. After delivering war supplies to the British, the ships' crews loaded rubble onto the ships for ballast, then sailed back to New York, where construction crews made use of it.
|0.00||0.00||NY 9A (West Side Highway)||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|Battery Park Underpass under Battery Park|
|1||Battery Park, Staten Island Ferry||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|1||South Street||Northbound exit only|
|1.30||2.09||2||Brooklyn Bridge, Manhattan Civic Center|
|3||South Street – Manhattan Bridge||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|4||Grand Street – Williamsburg Bridge||Southbound entrance and exit|
|3.03||4.88||5||Houston Street – Holland Tunnel|
|6||East 15th Street||Southbound exit and entrance; closed since September 11, 2001|
|3.87||6.23||7||East 23rd Street / East 20th Street (north) / East 25th Street (south)|
|4.80||7.72||8||To I-495 (Queens–Midtown Tunnel) / East 34th Street|
|5.05||8.13||9||East 42nd Street||Northbound exit|
|10||East 49th Street||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|11||East 53rd Street||Southbound exit only|
|6.14||9.88||12||To NY 25 east (Ed Koch Queensboro Bridge) / East 61st Street, East 63rd Street|
|13||East 71st Street||Southbound exit and entrance|
|East 79th Street||Southbound entrance only|
|7.94||12.78||14||East 96th Street|
|15||East 106th Street||Southbound exit and entrance|
|16||East 116th Street||Southbound exit and entrance|
|9.44||15.19||17||I-278 (Robert F. Kennedy Bridge) – Bruckner Expressway, Grand Central Parkway|
|9.44||15.19||18||I-87 (Deegan Expressway) / Willis Avenue Bridge||Northbound exit is direct ramp to Willis Avenue Bridge, southbound entrance from 1st Avenue and East 125th Street|
|9.44||15.19||Harlem River Drive||Continuation beyond I-278 and I-87 connections|
- Anderson, Steve. "FDR Drive". NYCRoads. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- "2007 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. July 25, 2008. Retrieved July 17, 2009.
- "FDR Drive – Historical Sign". New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. December 20, 2001.
- "East River Park Highlights". New York City Department of Parks & Recreation.
- Pollak, Michael (June 26, 2009). "FYI Column". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Franklin D. Roosevelt East River Drive|
- Franklin D. Roosevelt East River Drive at Alps' Roads • New York State Highway Termini
- FDR Drive (Greater New York Roads)