Franklin Avenue – Fulton Street (New York City Subway)
This article is about the station transfer complex between the Franklin Avenue Shuttle and the IND Fulton Street Line. For the transfer complex between the Franklin Avenue Shuttle and the IRT Eastern Parkway Line, see Franklin Avenue – Botanic Garden (New York City Subway). For the demolished station on the BMT Lexington Avenue Line, see Franklin Avenue (BMT Lexington Avenue Line).
Entrance on south side of Fulton Street
|Address||Franklin Avenue & Fulton Street
Brooklyn, NY 11216
|Line||BMT Franklin Avenue Line
IND Fulton Street Line
|Services||A (late nights)
C (all except late nights)
S (all times)
|Opened||October 18, 1999|
|Passengers (2012)||1,982,691 (station complex) 4.1%|
|Rank||235 out of 421|
Franklin Avenue – Fulton Street is a station complex shared by the BMT Franklin Avenue Line and the IND Fulton Street Line of the New York City Subway, located at Franklin Avenue and Fulton Street in Bedford-Stuyvesant, Brooklyn. It is served by the:
- Franklin Avenue Shuttle train at all times
- C train at all times except late nights
- A train during late nights
BMT Franklin Avenue Line platform
Two-car train of R68s terminating at Franklin Avenue
|Line||BMT Franklin Avenue Line|
|Services||S (all times)|
|Platforms||1 side platform|
|Opened||August 15, 1896|
October 18, 1999
|Former/other names||Franklin Avenue – Fulton Street|
|Next north||(Terminal): S|
|Next south||Park Place: S
Dean Street: (demolished)
|Next south||Park Place: S|
This elevated station opened on August 15, 1896 to connect with the adjacent Franklin Avenue station of the Fulton Street Elevated. It was a two-track through station with side platforms and the point where steam railroad trains from the Fulton Street Line turned onto the BMT Brighton Line to access Brighton Beach.
In 1920, the track connection to the Fulton Street Line was severed as Brighton Line trains to Downtown Brooklyn and Manhattan were rerouted via a new tunnel under Flatbush Avenue.
In 1924, the station was rebuilt as a single-track station. The former westbound (now northbound) track was decked over with a wood platform to accommodate crowds transferring between the Fulton Street and Franklin Avenue Lines. The station platforms were also extended south to accommodate longer trains. Originally accommodated for five elevated BU cars for a length of ~250 ft (~76 m), they were now able to hold six subway-type AB Standard cars for a length of ~402 feet (~123 m).
The next stop to the east was Nostrand Avenue for Fulton Street trains and Dean Street for Brighton Line trains. The next stop to the west was Grand Avenue. When the BMT system was taken over by the City of New York on June 1, 1940, the Fulton Street Elevated Line was closed and later demolished while paper transfers were issued at Franklin Avenue for passengers to access the new IND Fulton Street Line subway.
This station was completely rebuilt between 1998 and 1999 as a single-track station with a single platform on the west side of the track. The new platform is only 175 feet (~53 m) long and accommodates a train of two 75-foot (~23 m) long cars. The track ends at a bumper block at the north end of the platform.
At the north end of the platform is the station's main station house, a three-story building on the southwest corner of Fulton Street and Franklin Avenue that connects to both platforms of Franklin Avenue on the IND Fulton Street Line. One up-only escalator and one long staircase go down to the fare control area at ground level, where one staircase goes down to the southbound IND platform and one turnstile bank provides access to/from the station. A set of doors then lead out to the streets after the token booth.
The shuttle platform has another short staircase that goes down to a glass-enclosed bridge above Fulton Street. On the other end is an elevator and one staircase going down to the northbound IND platform. A second elevator from the shuttle platform goes down to the overpass, main fare control area, and the southbound IND platform. these two elevators make the entire station complex ADA-accessible.
The 1999 artwork here is called Life and Continued Growth by Eric Pryor. It consists of stained glass panels on the top of the entranceway to the shuttle platform.
BMT platform layout
|Street Level||Exit/ Entrance, station house|
|Platform Level||Side platform, Doors will open on the left/right|
|Southbound||← towards Prospect Park|
IND Fulton Street Line platforms
Platform trim line and name tablets
|Line||IND Fulton Street Line|
|Services||A (late nights)
C (all except late nights)
|Platforms||2 side platforms|
|Opened||April 9, 1936|
|Next north||Clinton–Washington Avenues: A C|
|Next south||Nostrand Avenue: A C|
|Next north||Jay Street – MetroTech: A C|
|Next south||Euclid Avenue: A C|
Franklin Avenue is an underground local station on the IND Fulton Street Line. Opened on April 9, 1936, it has four tracks and two side platforms. The two center express tracks are used by the A train during daytime hours.
Both platforms have a lime green trim line on a dark green border with small "FRANKLIN" signs below them in white lettering on a black border. The name tablets read "FRANKLIN AVE." in white sans serif font on dark green background and lime green border. Directional signs are underneath them and there is evidence of a former fare control area on the west (railroad north) end of the station.
Fare control areas are at the extreme east (railroad south) end of the platforms. On the Manhattan-bound side, there is an unstaffed turnstile bank and one staircase going up to the northeast corner of Franklin Avenue and Fulton Street. Inside fare control, one staircase and one elevator go up to the overpass above Fulton Street that connects to the shuttle platform. On the Euclid Avenue-bound platform, a staircase goes up to the main station house, where a connection to the Franklin Avenue Shuttle is available. An elevator from the platform goes up to the shuttle platform with intermediate stops at the main station house and overpass.
Prior to introduction of the MetroCard, the Euclid Avenue-bound platform had a same-level fare control and a paper bus-style transfer was handed out at either IND fare control areas (the only place in the subway where this was still being done) for access to the shuttle station only. After the MetroCard was introduced, a paper MetroCard transfer was issued from a machine that resembled a bus farebox. These transfers were good for twenty minutes and were discontinued after construction of the in-system transfer.
Platform layout (IND)
|Street Level||Fare control, station agent|
|platform||Side platform, Doors will open on the right|
|Northbound local||← towards 168th Street|
|Northbound express||← do not stop here|
|Southbound express||→ do not stop here|
|Southbound local||→ towards Euclid Avenue|
- Thomas J. Lueck, New York Times, Subway Shuttle Gets $74 Million Makeover, October 18, 1999, page B3
- "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2013-04-02.
- "New Route to Coney Island". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. August 14, 1896. p. 12.
- "First Trains to Brighton". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. August 14, 1896. p. 7.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Franklin Avenue – Fulton Street (New York City Subway)|
- nycsubway.org — BMT Franklin: Franklin Avenue
- nycsubway.org — IND Fulton: Franklin Avenue
- nycsubway.org — Life and Continued Growth Artwork by Eric Pryor (1999)
- Station Reporter — C Train
- Station Reporter — Franklin Shuttle
- Station Reporter — Fulton Elevated
- The Subway Nut - Franklin Avenue Pictures
- MTA's Arts For Transit — Franklin Avenue
- Franklin Avenue entrance to Manhattan bound Fulton Street Line from Google Maps Street View
- Franklin Avenue entrance to Rockaway bound Fulton Street Line and Shuttle from Google Maps Street View