Frank E. Loy
|Frank E. Loy|
|2nd Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs|
November 2, 1998 – January 20, 2001
|Preceded by||Tim Wirth|
|Succeeded by||Paula Dobriansky|
|Political party||Democratic Party|
|Spouse(s)||Dale Haven Loy|
|Alma mater||University of California, Los Angeles
Harvard Law School
|Portfolio||Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor; Environment, Oceans, Health and Science; Population, Refugees, and Migration; International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs|
Frank E. Loy is an American diplomat, business and nonprofit executive, and attorney. He is best known for serving as United States Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs from November 2, 1998 to January 20, 2001, under President Bill Clinton. In that position, he was the chief United States negotiator for issues such as climate change and trade on genetically modified agricultural products.
He has been senior vice president for international affairs at Pan American Airways, president of the German Marshall Fund of the United States, president of the Penn Central Corporation, and an attorney with O’Melveny & Myers.
Early and personal life
Raised in Germany, Italy and Switzerland in his early years, Loy went to public schools in Los Angeles from the age of 10. He earned a B.A. degree at the University of California, Los Angeles and an LL.B. at Harvard Law School. Following law school, he served for 21 months in the United States Army.
He spent the years 1974 to 1979 in the successful effort to bring the Penn Central Transportation Company out of bankruptcy. He served under contract, as president of the subsidiary that operated all the non-railroad businesses of the bankrupt company – including, among others, an oil pipeline, an oil refinery, the operator of the Six Flags theme parks, Arvida, and the Florida Land Development Company. Loy also oversaw operations of Realty Hotels, an arm of Penn Central that owned the Roosevelt, Biltmore (now an office building named 335 Madison Avenue), Barclay (now Intercontinental), and Commodore (now Grand Hyatt) hotels in New York City. When the bankruptcy terminated, he became president of the successor company, the Penn Central Corporation, listed on the New York Stock Exchange.
Loy's first public service came as Special Assistant to the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration and as Director of that agency's Office of Policy Development, which was that agency's first economic analysis planning shop.
From 1965-1970 he entered the State Department for the first time, serving as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Economic Affairs. In that role he negotiated numerous international bilateral air transport agreements, represented the U.S. at meetings of international organizations such as ICAO and IMCO, and was vice-chair of the U.S. delegation to the multinational negotiations that successfully created the present structure of INTELSAT, the organization that operates the space segments of the international communications network.
He served as co-chair – with Robert Shapiro, CEO of Monsanto Corporation – of the Trade and Environment Policy Advisory Committee to the United States Trade Representative, Ambassador Charlene Barshevsky.
Under Secretary of State for Global Affairs
|This section requires expansion. (December 2009)|
From 1981 to 1995, Loy was president of the German Marshall Fund of the United States, an American grant-making institution with an annual budget of over $10 million and a capital fund of about $200 million. It is the only American foundation concentrating exclusively on issues affecting both Europe and the U.S., particularly in the fields of economics, politics and the environment. The Fund is also the managing partner of a consortium of American, European and Japanese foundations engaged in environmental grant-making in Central Europe.
He served in 1994 as Chair of the Conference of Parties of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITIES), in which over 1,000 delegates from more than 120 countries and over 500 observers participated.
Loy has served or chaired numerous boards of directors of non-profit organizations, particularly in environment and fostering democracy in Europe and Central Europe. These include: the Environmental Defense Fund, on whose board he has served since 1981 (he was chair from 1983-1990); the Budapest-based Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe, where he served from the time of his appointment in 1990 by the Bush administration until 1997; the League of Conservation Voters, the bipartisan political arm of the environmental community; the Institute for International Economics, which he helped found in 1981; and the Foundation for a Civil Society, which has conducted programs promoting democratic institutions in Central and Eastern Europe, particularly the Czech and Slovak republics.
- "Frank Loy". AHC Group, Inc. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
- "Nature Conservancy News Room - Frank E. Loy Joins Nature Conservancy Board of Directors". Nature Conservancy. 2006-11-13. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
- "Biography: Frank E. Loy". United States Department of State. 1998-11-02. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- Loy, Frank (1998-08-02). "Statement of Frank E. Loy, 8/2/98". Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- "Couchiching Summer Conference Speaker Bios". Retrieved 2009-10-02.
- Earth Focus Video Interviews with Frank Loy stored at the Internet Archive.
- Essay by Loy recommending a course of action for European diplomacy with respect to American environmental policy, written in 2006.
John A. Baker, Jr.
|Director of the Bureau of Refugee Programs
June 1, 1980 – January 30, 1981
Richard David Vine
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