In medicine, Fowler's position is a standard patient position. It is used to relax tension of the abdominal muscles, allowing for improved breathing in immobile patients as it alleviates compression of the chest due to gravity, and to increase comfort during eating and other activities. It is also used in postpartum women to improve uterine drainage. The patient is placed in a semi-upright sitting position (45-60 degrees) and may have knees either bent or straight. Such a position is maintained during procedures that involve either the nasal or oral passageways as it prevents aspiration during the introduction of feeding tubes and also promotes a slight gravitational pull in peristalsis when swallowing.
There are several types of Fowlers positions: low, semi-, high Fowler's, and Standard Fowlers (also known as simply "Fowler's"). High Fowler's position is when the patient's head is raised 80-90 degrees, whereas Semi-Fowler's position is when the patient's head is elevated 30-45 degrees. Low Fowler's position is when the head of bed is elevated 15-30 degrees, and finally Fowler's which is 45-60 degrees.
- synd/3035 at Who Named It?
- G. R. Fowler. Diffuse septic peritonitis, with special reference to a new method of treatment, namely, the elevated head and trunk posture, to facilitate drainage into the pelvis, with a report of nine consecutive cases of recovery. The Medical Record, New York, 1900, 57: 617-623, 1029-1931.