Ford Sidevalve engine
The Ford Sidevalve is a side valve (flathead engine) from the British arm of the Ford Motor Company. The engine had its origins in the 1930s Ford Model Y, and were made in two sizes, 933cc or "8 HP", and 1172cc or "10 HP". The early engines were very basic and did not have a waterpump as standard relying on thermo-siphon effect to cool. A water pump was added in 1953 for the 100E models. The Sidevalve engine was used in many smaller Fords as well as farm vehicles, commercial vehicles and a marine version in boats. Production of the engine was stopped in 1962. Windscreen wipers were often driven by the vacuum generated in the inlet manifold.
Many ways were explored to enhance the power output of the standard engine, most notably special exhaust manifolds, twin carburettors, stiffer valve springs, thinner cylinder head gaskets and modified camshafts. The nominal horsepower quoted for each engine size comes from the British method of power calculation for road taxation purposes, and bears no relationship with the actual power output. Displacement volume, which was calculated from the cylinder diameter, stroke and number of cylinders being the dimensions that determined the power for road taxation purposes.
Gearbox & transmission
A three speed gearbox was fitted as standard; three forward and one reverse. Several ways of improving the performance through modifications to the gearbox and transmission train were applied; replacement close ratio gears fitted to gearbox, overdrive gears fitted behind the original gearbox and higher ratio crown & pinion gears fitted to the differential unit on the back axle.
Use - Ford cars using side-valve engines;
- Ford Model Y (1932–1937),
- Ford 7W,
- Ford 7Y (1938–1939)
- E93/E493 range
- Ford Anglia (1940–1967),
- Ford Prefect (1938–1953)
- Ford Popular (1953–1959),
- 100E series
- Ford Prefect (1953–1961)
- Ford Anglia (1953–1959)
- Ford Squire (1955–1959)
- Ford Escort a Squire variant.
- Ford C/Ford CX,
Use - Other makers or models using Ford side-valve engines;
- Autobee Pacemaker
- Buckler for their lightweight sports kitcars for road use and rallies, trials, hillclimbs or racing.
- Fairthorpe Electron
- Falcon (car make)|Falcon
- Ginetta Cars
- Ginetta G2|G2
- Ginetta G3|G3 (aka Fairlite)),
- Hud[disambiguation needed]
- Martin[disambiguation needed]
- 4/4 Series II,
- F Super),
- Naco Estate
- GT and
- Speedex Sirocco GT
- Ford Sidevalve Owners Club
- Ford based specials - "Old Classic Cars" Website
- Ford Popular 100e - XVJ 392
- Ford Anglia 100E Restoration
- Pre 67 Ford Owners Club
- Ford Sidevalve Owners' Club
- 1950 Cannon - Flathead V8, Ford Mercury
- Concordette link
- Fairthorpe Electron
- Ginetta web site - current cars
- Ginetta Owners Club
- Cars and Car Conversions, "Tuning SU Carburetters", Speed and Sports Publications Ltd, (1968).
- G B Wake, "Ford Special Builders Manual", J H Haynes & Co Ltd.
- Philip H. Smith, "The Ford Ten Competition Engine", G T Foulis & Co. Ltd. A complete tuning manual.
- John Haynes, "Building a Fford 10 Special", Auto Publications, London.
- John Mills, "The Constructions of Ford Specials", B T Batsford, London.
- Bill Cooper, "Tuning Side-Valve Fords", Speed and Sports Publications Ltd, (1969).
- Miriam Nyhan, "Are You Still Below", The Collins Press, (2007) - The Ford Marina Plant, Cork, 1917-1984. ISBN 9781905172498
- Ford Motor Company, "Anglia-Prefect Repair Manual"
- Dave Turner, "Ford Popular and the Small Sidevalves", Osprey Publishing Ltd, (1984). ISBN 1-90308-804-6
- Bill Ballard, "English & Australian Small Fords", Ellery Publications, (2002). ISBN 1 876 720 07 7