|FM H-24-66 Train Master|
|Canadian Pacific Railway #8909, a CLC H-24-66 or "Train Master."|
|AAR wheel arr.||C-C|
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Length||66 ft 0 in (20.12 m)|
|Locomotive weight||375,000 lb (170.1 t)|
|Engine type||2-stroke diesel|
|Displacement||12,443 cu in (203,900 cm3)|
|Cylinders||12-cylinders, Opposed piston|
|Cylinder size||8.125 in × 10 in (206 mm × 254 mm)|
|Transmission||DC generator, DC traction motors|
|Top speed||65 mph / 80 mph (105 km/h / 129 km/h)|
|Power output||2,400 hp (1.79 MW)|
|Tractive effort||112,000 lbf (498.2 kN)|
|Locomotive brake||24RL air, Dynamic|
The H-24-66 was a diesel-electric railway locomotive model produced by Fairbanks-Morse and its Canadian licensee, the Canadian Locomotive Company. These six-axle hood unit road switchers, known as Train Masters were deployed in the United States and Canada during the 1950s. Each locomotive produced 2,400 horsepower (1.8 MW). They were the successor to the ultimately unsuccessful Consolidated line of cab units produced by F-M and CLC in the 1950s. In common with other F-M locomotives, the Train Master units employed an opposed piston-design prime mover. The official model designation was H-24-66 and rode on a pair of drop equalized three-axle "Trimount" trucks giving it an C-C wheel arrangement.
Touted by Fairbanks-Morse as "...the most useful locomotive ever built..." upon its introduction in 1953, the 2,400 horsepower (1.8 MW) H-24-66 Train Master was the most powerful single-engine diesel locomotive available, legendary for its pulling power and rapid acceleration. While some railroads saw advantages in the Train Master's greater power, the perception on the part of others that the unit had too much horsepower (coupled with the difficulties inherent in maintaining the opposed-piston engine, inadequacies in the electrical system, and a higher-than-normal consumption of cooling water) contributed to poor marketplace acceptance of the Train Masters. Perhaps it was simply ahead of its time, as no competitor offered a locomotive with an equal horsepower rating until the ALCO RSD-7 entered production in January, 1954 (As an aside, the EMD SD24 did not arrive on the scene until July, 1958, and GE did not introduce their U25C until September, 1963). Both F-M and CLC ultimately left the locomotive business.
Only one Train Master locomotive has survived intact — former Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) H-24-66 #8905 is now owned by the Canadian Railroad Historical Association, which operates the Canadian Railway Museum in Saint-Constant, Quebec.
Three different carbody variants were produced, and were differentiated as follows: Phase 1a units had their air intake louvers located in a continuous line along the top of the long hood, and a wide separating strip between the radiator fans; Phase 1b modifications were minor, consisting only of a "dip" in the long hood handrails that allowed them to better follow the profile of the side walkways; Phase 2 units boasted fewer air intake louvers, with large gaps separating them (the radiators themselves were divided by only a tiny metal strip).
Units manufactured by Fairbanks-Morse (1953–1957)
|Fairbanks-Morse (demonstrator units)||4||TM-1 – TM-4||TM-1 & TM-2 to Wabash Railroad 550–551;
TM-3 & TM-4 to Southern Pacific 4800–4801/3020–3021
|Canadian National Railway||1||3000||Later renumbered 2900.|
|Canadian Pacific Railway||1||8900||Only CPR Trainmaster built by FM (not CLC). Delivered with a single steam generator. Remaining (twenty) CPR Trainmasters (8901-8920) built by CLC (see below).|
|Central Railroad of New Jersey||13||2401–2413|
|Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad||12||850–861||to Erie Lackawanna Railroad 1850–1861|
|Pennsylvania Railroad||9||8699–8707||to Penn Central 6700–6708|
|Reading Company||17||800–808, 860–867|
|Southern Pacific||14||4802–4815, 4800-4815||Renumbered 3022–3035 in 1965|
|Southern Railway (CNO&TP)||5||6300–6304|
|Virginian Railway||25||50–74||to Norfolk and Western Railway 150–174|
|Wabash Railroad||6||552–554, 552A–554A||Renumbered 552–557|
Units manufactured by the Canadian Locomotive Company (1956)
|Canadian Pacific Railway||20||8901–8920||CP 8905 is the only H-24-66 preserved. It can be seen at the Canadian Railway Museum in St-Constant, Quebec, Canada.
8901-8904 originally delivered with unique wide short hoods housing dual steam generators, converted to normal hood width when SG's removed.
- "Diesel Basics". Diesel-Loco. Retrieved January 1, 2006.
- "Fairbanks-Morse 38D8 Diesel Engine". PSRM Diesel Locomotives. Retrieved January 1, 2006.
- "Fairbanks Morse Train Master Locomotive: HO Scale". Railroad Model Craftsman — January 2005. Retrieved December 31, 2005.
- Hollingsworth, Brian and Arthur F. Cook (1987). The Great Book of Trains. Portland House, New York, NY. ISBN 0-517-64515-7.
- Pinkepank, Jerry A. (1973). The Second Diesel Spotter’s Guide. Milwaukee, WI: Kalmbach Publishing Company. ISBN 0-89024-026-4.
- Kirkland, John F. (November 1985). The Diesel Builders Volume 1: Fairbanks-Morse and Lima-Hamilton. Interurban Press. ISBN 0-916374-69-6.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Fairbanks-Morse H-24-66 locomotives|
- Fairbanks-Morse Train Master Sales Booklet: The Lackawanna Story
- Fairbanks-Morse H24-66 Roster
- Preserved Fairbanks Morse Six-Axle Road Switchers
- Canadian Pacific Railway CLC Locomotives