Ecdeiocolea is the botanical name for a genus of grass-like plants from Western Australia. It was first defined by von Mueller in 1874.Ecdeiocolea contains two species. The type species is the widespread Ecdeiocolea monostachya F.Muell.
Ecdeiocolea is the only genus in the family Ecdeiocoleaceae. It is most closely related to the graminid (not graminoid) families Joinvilleaceae and Poaceae. Molecular phylogenetic studies indicate that Ecdeiocolea is sister to Poaceae. 
- "Ecdeiocolea F.Muell.". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
- Briggs, Barbara. "A new close relative of the grasses - the third species of Ecdeiocoleaceae". Retrieved 10 August 2010.
- Barbara G. Briggs. 2011. "Ecdeiocolea rigens, a new species of Ecdeiocolea (Poales) from Western Australia". Telopea 13(1-2):69-75. ISSN 0312-9764.
- Thomas J. Givnish, Mercedes Ames, Joel R. McNeal, Michael R. McKain, P. Roxanne Steele, Claude W. dePamphilis, Sean W. Graham, J. Chris Pires, Dennis W. Stevenson, Wendy B. Zomlefer, Barbara G. Briggs, Melvin R. Duvall, Michael J. Moore, J. Michael Heaney, Douglas E. Soltis, Pamela S. Soltis, Kevin Thiele, and James H. Leebens-Mack. 2010. "Assembling the Tree of the Monocotyledons: Plastome Sequence Phylogeny and Evolution of Poales". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 97(4):584-616. doi:10.3417/2010023
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