Born in Dangtu County in Anhui to a scholarly family, her father Duan Tingbi taught her how to read. She traveled with him and read many of the classics, especially the Lienü zhuan. She married the Confucian scholar Rui Ru.
- Chang, Saussy and Kwong. p. 202. Missing or empty
- Kang-i Sun Chang,Haun Saussy,Charles Yim-tze Kwong (1999). Women writers of traditional China: an anthology of poetry and criticism. Stanford University Press.