Daviess County, Missouri
|Daviess County, Missouri|
Location in the state of Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
|Founded||December 29, 1836|
|Named for||Major Joseph H. Daviess, a Kentucky soldier who fought in the War of 1812|
569.07 sq mi (1,474 km²)
566.97 sq mi (1,468 km²)
2.11 sq mi (5 km²), 0.37
15/sq mi (6/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Daviess County is a county located in Northwest Missouri in the United States. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the county had a population of 8,433. Its county seat is Gallatin. The county was organized December 29, 1836, from Ray County and named for Major Joseph H. Daviess, a soldier from Kentucky who was killed in 1811 at the Battle of Tippecanoe in the War of 1812.
According to Mormon founder Joseph Smith, Jr., Adam-ondi-Ahman, situated in the central part of the county, was where Adam and Eve relocated after being banished from the Garden of Eden. According to LDS tradition, the site is to be a gathering spot prior to the Second Coming of Jesus Christ.
Joseph Smith's revelation came in 1838, two years after the county was organized, and spurred in an influx of Mormon settlers. Non-Mormon residents feared they were going to lose control of the county and attempted to prevent Mormons from voting in the Gallatin election day battle. This was to be the first skirmish in the Mormon War, in which Missouri evicted the Mormons after arresting Joseph Smith and other leaders of the church.
Daviess County played a major role in the history of the outlaw James-Younger Gang. The first confirmed bank robbery involving Jesse James occurred on December 7, 1869 at the Daviess County Savings Association in Gallatin. John W. Sheets, the bank cashier, was killed in the process by Jesse James, who believed Sheets was Samuel P. Cox, who had killed James's bushwhacker Bloody Bill Anderson during the American Civil War. On July 15, 1881, the gang was believed to have been responsible for the robbery of the Rock Island Line at Winston in which a conductor and passenger were killed.
After Jesse James was murdered in St. Joseph, Frank James surrendered in 1882 to face Daviess County charges in connection with the train robbery/murder as well as murder charges in the 1869 robbery. Frank James was tried from August 20-September 6, 1883. Interest was so intense that the trial was moved to the Gallatin Opera House to accommodate the crowds. James was found not guilty of involvement in both crimes. Charges were made that the jury was filled with Southern sympathizers who refused to convict one of their own.
The Daviess County Savings Association and the Gallatin Opera House have since been torn down although the Winston Rock Island Line train station still stands and is used by the historical society.
Notable natives and residents
- Phog Allen - University of Kansas coach, called the "Father of Basketball Coaching."
- Conrad Burns - U.S. Senator (R-Montana), (1989-2007)
- Webster Davis - Mayor of Kansas City, Missouri, (1894-1895)
- Alexander Monroe Dockery - Governor of Missouri, (1901-1905)
- Brice Garnett - Professional golfer and 2012 U.S. Open competitor
- Larry Holley - Head men's basketball coach at William Jewell College
- William Thornton Kemper, Sr. - Patriarch of the Missouri Kemper financial family
- Jerry Litton - U.S. Representative who died in a plane on the night he won the 1976 Democratic primary for U.S. Senate
- Johnny Ringo - outlaw who briefly lived in the area
- Martha Scott - Academy Award nominated actress
According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the county has a total area of 569.07 square miles (1,473.9 km2), of which 566.97 square miles (1,468.4 km2) (or 99.63%) is land and 2.11 square miles (5.5 km2) (or 0.37%) is water.
- Harrison County (north)
- Grundy County (northeast)
- Livingston County (southeast)
- Caldwell County (south)
- DeKalb County (west)
- Gentry County (northwest)
As of the census of 2010, there were 8,433 people, 3,214 households, and 2,489 families residing in the county. The population density was 15 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 4,199 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.02% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. Approximately 1.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,214 households out of which 31.92% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.81% were married couples living together, 8.06% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.34% were non-families. 24.64% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.89% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 7.02% from 18 to 24, 21.81% from 25 to 44, 27.38% from 45 to 64, and 17.09% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $39,925, and the median income for a family was $48,839. Males had a median income of $33,882 versus $28,891 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,900. About 9.80% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.50% of those under age 18 and 11.60% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns↑Jump back a section
According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2010), Daviess County is sometimes regarded as being on the northern edge of the Bible Belt, with evangelical Protestantism being the most predominant religion. The most predominant denominations among residents in Daviess County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists (30.78%), Disciples of Christ (9.12%), and Amish groups (7.07%).
Of adults 25 years of age and older in Daviess County, 84.0% possess a high school diploma or higher, while 14.4% hold a bachelor's degree or higher as their highest educational attainment.
- Gallatin R-V School District - Gallatin
- Covel D. Searcy Elementary School (PK-06)
- Gallatin High School (07-12)
- Hamilton R-II School District - Hamilton
- Hamilton Elementary (PK-05)
- Hamilton Middle School (06-08)
- Penney High School (09-12 )
- North Daviess County R-III School District - Jameson
- North Daviess Elementary School (PreK-6)
- North Daviess High School (07-12)
- Pattonsburg R-II School District - Pattonsburg
- Pattonsburg Elementary School (PK-06)
- Pattonsburg High School (07-12)
- Tri-County R-VII School District - Jamesport
- Tri-County Elementary School (K-06)
- Tri-County High School (07-12)
- Winston R-VI School District - Winston
- Winston Elementary School (PK-06)
- Winston High School (07-12)
- Country View School - Jamesport - (01-08) - Amish
- Hickory Hill School - Jamesport - (01-08) - Amish
- Jamesport Mennonite School - Jamesport - (01-08) - Mennonite
- Meadow View School - Jamesport - (01-07) Amish
- Oak Grove School - Jamesport - (01-08) - Amish
- Spring Hill School - Jamesport - (01-08) - Amish
- Walnut Creek School - Jamesport - (01-08) - Amish
The Democratic Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Daviess County. Democrats hold all but two of the elected positions in the county.
|Daviess County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Circuit Clerk||Pam Howard||Democratic|
|County Clerk||Linda Steward||Democratic|
|Collector||Reta J. Rains||Democratic|
|Coroner||David W. McWilliams||Democratic|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Andrea (Annie) Gibson||Democratic|
|Public Administrator||Linda S. Houghton||Democratic|
|Treasurer||Reta J. Rains||Democratic|
|2012||48.27% 1,693||48.10% 1,687||3.62% 127|
|2008||44.81% 1,683||52.42% 1,969||2.77% 104|
|2004||55.52% 2,091||42.96% 1,618||1.51% 57|
|2000||50.91% 1,768||46.18% 1,604||2.90% 101|
|1996||29.97% 1,006||67.86% 2,278||2.17% 73|
All of Daviess County is a part of Missouri's 3rd District and is currently represented by Casey Guernsey (R-Bethany). After redistricting due to the 2010 census, the county will be placed in District 2. Guernsey was re-elected in 2012 for the District 2 seat over challenger Jim Nash, an Independent.
|Missouri House of Representatives – District 2 – Daviess County (2012)|
All of Daviess County is a part of Missouri’s 12th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Brad Lager (R-Savannah). Lager will be unable to seek another term in 2014 due to term limits.
|Missouri Senate - District 12 – Daviess County (2010)|
All of Daviess County is included in Missouri’s 6th Congressional District and is currently represented by Sam Graves (R-Tarkio) in the U.S. House of Representatives. Graves was re-elected to a seventh term in 2012 over Democratic challenger Kyle Yarber.
|U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 6th Congressional District – Daviess County (2012)|
|Libertarian||Russ Lee Monchil||88||2.53||+2.53|
All of Daviess County, along with the rest of the state of Missouri, is represented in the U.S. Senate by Claire McCaskill (D-Kirkwood) and Roy Blunt (R-Strafford). McCaskill was elected to a second term in 2012 over Republican Congressman Todd Akin.
|U.S. Senate - Class I - Daviess County (2012)|
|U.S. Senate - Class III - Daviess County (2010)|
|2012||64.98% 2,282||32.00% 1,124||3.02% 106|
|2008||59.77% 2,263||36.98% 1,400||3.25% 123|
|2004||61.97% 2,351||36.95% 1,402||1.09% 41|
|2000||57.56% 2,011||39.12% 1,367||3.32% 116|
|1996||39.40% 1,321||45.75% 1,534||14.85% 498|
At the presidential level, Daviess County has become solidly Republican in recent years. Like many of the rural counties throughout Missouri, Daviess County strongly favored Mitt Romney over Barack Obama in 2012, and John McCain carried the county in 2008. George W. Bush carried the county easily in 2000 and 2004. Bill Clinton was the last Democratic presidential nominee to carry Daviess County in 1996 with a plurality of the vote.
Like most rural areas throughout northwest Missouri, voters in Daviess County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles which tend to influence their Republican leanings, at least on the state and national levels. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly won in Daviess County with 79.58% of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71% support from voters. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Daviess County with 50.96% voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51% of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Daviess County's longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Daviess County with 68.25% of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99% voting in favor. (During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.)
Missouri Presidential Preference Primaries
In the 2012 Missouri Republican Presidential Primary, voters in Daviess County supported former U.S. Senator Rick Santorum (R-Pennsylvania), who finished first in the state at large, but eventually lost the nomination to former Governor Mitt Romney (R-Massachusetts). Delegates to the state convention were chosen at a county caucus, which selected a delegation favoring Santorum.
- Former U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 534, than any candidate from either party in Daviess County during the 2008 presidential primary.
|Daviess County, Missouri|
|2008 Republican primary in Missouri|
|John McCain||236 (29.99%)|
|Mike Huckabee||216 (27.45%)|
|Mitt Romney||220 (27.95%)|
|Ron Paul||95 (12.07%)|
|Daviess County, Missouri|
|2008 Democratic primary in Missouri|
|Hillary Rodham Clinton||534 (62.75%)|
|Barack Obama||283 (33.25%)|
|John Edwards (withdrawn)||23 (2.70%)|
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Daviess County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Daviess County, Missouri|
||Gentry County||Harrison County||Grundy County|
|Caldwell County||Livingston County|