Croghan (village), New York
|Croghan, New York|
|— Village —|
|Towns||Croghan, New Bremen|
|• Total||0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)|
|• Land||0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||827 ft (252 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||947761|
The village was once a booming region for the lumber industry. During the late 19th century, one particularly influential member of the local community was the millionaire lumber baron, Theodore B. Basselin, whose estate sat on the corner of Main Street and Bank Street. His mansion remains there to this day. Basselin is now buried in a private family plot along Main Street, next to the village library, which once served as the opera house.
Croghan survived two major fires in the early 1900s, the first which claimed the lives of two small children. The fire started next to where Stumps Tavern now sits along Main and Mechanic and engulfed most of the village, even burning down the massive Catholic Church and divinity school.
The village now takes great pride in its "world famous Croghan Bologna", produced and sold at the Campany family's meat market, and was a center of the pure maple syrup industry before a microburst in the mid-1990s which brought extremely high winds, destroying many of the older, larger trees.
Kirschnerville is to the east of Croghan, New Bremen to its south; Beaver Falls is down the Beaver River to the west, and Belfort up the river to the northeast.
As of the census of 2000, there were 665 people, 284 households, and 178 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,525.7 people per square mile (583.5/km²). There were 323 housing units at an average density of 741.1 per square mile (283.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.65% White, 0.60% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.45% Asian, and 0.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.45% of the population.
There were 284 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the village the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 22.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $26,304, and the median income for a family was $37,969. Males had a median income of $27,969 versus $22,500 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,183. About 6.7% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.4% of those under age 18 and 21.4% of those age 65 or over.
Places of interest
The American Maple Museum located on Main Street was formerly the Father Leo Memorial School. The Croghan Meat Market which is home of the "world famous Croghan Bologna" is located on Main Street in the business district. Good Ol' Wishy's, an old fashion soda fountain and Vinny's Pizzeria are also located on Main Street.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Croghan (village), New York
- "Census 2000 Summary for New York by Place and County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-03-10.
- "Village of Croghan". Lewis County Industrial Development Agency. Retrieved 2008-03-10. "In the Foothills of the Adirondacks"
- "Theodore B. Basselin". Syracuse University. Retrieved 2008-03-10. "Theodore B. Basselin is gone, but his memory is present in the little village of Croghan."
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American Maple Museum". Lewis County Industrial Development Agency. Retrieved 2008-03-10. "The former Leo Memorial School was acquired in 1980..."