(Zabel ex C.K.Schneid) Rehder
Crataegus pinnatifida, also known as Chinese hawthorn, Chinese hawberry, or shānzhā (Chinese: 山楂/山查 or 山楂果/山查果 literally means "mountain hawthorn" or "mountain hawberry"), refers to a small to a medium-sized tree as well as the fruit of the tree. The fruit is bright red, 1.5 inches in diameter.
In northern Chinese cuisine, ripe Crataegus pinnatifida fruits are used in the dessert tanghulu. It is also used to make the traditional haw flakes, as well as candied fruit slices, jam, jelly and wine.
Several species of hawthorn are used in naturopathic medicine and traditional Chinese medicine, primarily to strengthen cardiac output, and scientific evidence is accumulating of the potential pharmacological effects of chemical compounds isolated from plants in the genus Crataegus. The dried fruits of Crataegus pinnatifida (called shān zhā (traditional Chinese: 山楂, simplified Chinese: 山楂)) are used primarily as a digestive aid. Recent research has shown that polyphenols derived from the fruit of the tree have anti-tumor activities on skin, indicating a potential use in preventing skin cancer.
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- Kao, Erl-Shyh; Wang, CJ; Lin, WL; Chu, CY; Tseng, TH; Chau-Jong Wang, Wea-Lung Lin, Chia-Yih Chu, Tsui-Hwa Tseng (2007). "Effects of polyphenols derived from fruit of Crataegus pinnatifida on cell transformation, dermal edema and skin tumor formation by phorbol ester application". Food and Chemical Toxicology (Elsevier) 45 (10): 1795–1804. doi:10.1016/j.fct.2007.03.016. PMID 17493734.
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