Cradle Mountain as seen from the north, across Dove Lake
|Elevation||1,545 m (5,069 ft)AHD |
Cradle Mountain is a mountain in the Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park, Tasmania, Australia. Rising to 1,545 metres (5,069 ft) above sea level, it is one of the principal tourist sites in Tasmania, owing to its natural beauty. The Cradle Mountain is composed of dolerite columns, similar to many of the other mountains in the area.
The area around the mountain has a large number of day walks, as well as being one terminus of the Overland Track. The Overland Track winds through a variety of landscapes to its opposite end – 80.8 kilometres (50.2 mi) to the south – at Lake St Clair, Australia’s deepest lake.
The mountain is climbed by tourists virtually year round. It is a strenuous return hike from the Dove Lake car park with a recommended allotted time of 6.5 hours. The climb up the rocky part of the mountain involves scrambling over large boulders for several hundred metres. The entire climb is exposed to any bad weather that may arrive quickly and at any time. From the summit, there is a spectacular 360° view, encompassing Dove Lake, Barn Bluff and Mount Ossa.
The mountain rises above the glacially formed Dove Lake (934 metres (3,064 ft)), Lake Wilks, and Crater Lake.
The mountain has four named summits. In order of height they are Cradle Mountain (1,545 m (5,069 ft)); Smithies Peak (1,527 m (5,010 ft)); Weindorfers Tower (1,459 metres (4,787 ft)); and Little Horn (1,355 m (4,446 ft)).
The mountain itself is named after its resemblance to a gold mining cradle.
The area is covered in a wide variety of alpine and sub-alpine vegetation, including the colourful deciduous Nothofagus gunnii (Deciduous Beech), itself an anomaly given that most Australian native flora is evergreen, and Gymnoschoenus sphaerocephalus (Button Grass) which dominates the alpine wet sedgelands alongside Pineapple Grass and Alpine Coral Fern. The native Bush Pepper can be found growing abundantly on hillsides and scrubland, commonly in Tasmanian Snow Gum stands. Other plants that grow on the mountain include Alpine Buzzy, Tasmanian Eyebright, Alpine Raspberry, Scoparia Heath, Mountain Rocket, Waratah, Cheshunt Pine and Pencil Pine. Within valleys around the Cradle Plateau, rainforest species such as Myrtle Beech, Pandani, Sassafras, King Billy pine and Celery Top Pine form thick, lichen-strewn forests with dense mossy undergrowth.
- "LISTmap (Cradle Mountain)". Tasmanian Government Department of Primary Industries and Water. Retrieved 2007-06-19.
- Megan Holbeck. "Top 10 Australian Walks". Australian Geographic Online. Retrieved 2011-04-10.
- "Overland Track". Tasmanian Parks & Wildlife Service, Department of Primary Industries and Water. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
- Tim Dub, ''Cradle Mountain: past and present ', Australian Geographic, AG Online, accessed online 7 August 2010
- "LISTmap (Cradle Mountain minor peaks)". Tasmanian Government Department of Primary Industries and Water. Retrieved 2007-06-19.
- Tasmanian Parks and Wildlife Page
- Photojournal covering Cradle Mountain as part of The Overland Track
- Cradle Mountain Tourist Attraction
- Parks and Wildlife Service Webcams