|This article does not cite any references or sources. (October 2009)|
|— Comune —|
|Comune di Cascina|
|Frazioni||Badia, Casciavola, Laiano, Latignano, Marciana, Musigliano, Navacchio, Pettori, Ripoli, San Benedetto, San Casciano, San Frediano a Settimo, San Giorgio, San Lorenzo a Pagnatico, San Lorenzo alle Corti, San Prospero, San Sisto al Pino, Sant'Anna, Santo Stefano a Macerata, Titignano, Visignano, Zambra|
|• Mayor||Alessio Antonelli (PD)|
|• Total||79.2 km2 (30.6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||8 m (26 ft)|
|Population (30 September 2010)|
|• Density||560/km2 ( 1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Sts. Innocent and Florentinus|
|Saint day||Tuesday after the last Sunday of May|
Cascina (pronounced with stress on first syllable: Càscina) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Pisa in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 60 km west of Florence and about 13 km southeast of Pisa.
Cascina is located on the left shore of the Arno River, on a markedly plain terrain. The comune borders the following municipalities: Calcinaia, Collesalvetti, Crespina, Lari, Pisa, Pontedera, San Giuliano Terme, Vicopisano.
The first mention of Cascina is from a document of 750 AD. The origin of the name is uncertain, but it could derive from Casina ("Small House"), or from the creek that crossed it (now disappeared), or from an Etruscan personal name, Latinized as Cassenius.
On July 26, 1364, the eponymous battle between the armies of Pisa and Florence was fought here. The event was later reproduced by Michelangelo in painting of which now preparatory drawings and a copy by Aristotile da Sangallo (also known as Bastiano da Sangallo) exist. The city had in fact a strategical importance as a fortified stronghold on the main road connecting the two cities.
- Medieval walls
- Castle of Ripoli
- Pieve di Santa Maria
- Oratorio di San Giovanni
- Church of the Madonna dell'Acqua (Madonna of the Water)
- Parish church of Saints Ippolito and Cassiano
In locality Zambra is a 9th-century church with unusual wall paintings of fish in pre-Romanesque style. At San Casciano a Settimo, a frazione with c. 3,000 inhabitants, is a basilica, renovated in the 12th century in Pisane-Gothic style.
The frazione of Marciana has the church of San Miniato (10th century). At Montione is the Abbey of San Savino.
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