Capheaton shown within Northumberland
|Population||160 (2001 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE|
|EU Parliament||North East England|
Capheaton is a village in Northumberland, in England, about 25 miles (40 km) to the northwest of Newcastle upon Tyne. It was built as a planned model village in the late eighteenth century. The name Capheaton is really Caput Heaton, i.e., Heaton Magna, nearby Kirkheaton being the original Heaton Parva.
The Capheaton archives are at the Northumberland Record Office.
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The Devil's Causeway passes the village just over 1 mile (2 km) to the east. The causeway is a Roman road which starts at Port Gate on Hadrian's Wall, north of Corbridge, and extends 55 miles (89 km) northwards across Northumberland to the mouth of the River Tweed at Berwick-upon-Tweed.
Capheaton Hall, is an English country house, the seat of the Swinburne Baronets and the childhood home of the poet Algernon Swinburne. It counts among the principal gentry seats of Northumberland. It is a Grade I listed building.
The house, which was built for Sir John Swinburne in 1667-68 by Robert Trollope of Newcastle, is a provincial essay in Baroque, of local stone with a giant pilasters on high bases supporting sections of entablature dividing the main front into a wide central bay and flanking bays, under a sloping roof with vernacular flat-footed dormers. The estate was improved with a model farm in Gothic taste, designed by Daniel Garrett for Sir John Swinburne, ca 1746, one of the earliest examples of the Gothic Revival. The north front was rebuilt for Sir John in 1789-90 by a local architect, William Newton.
The house stands in rolling parkland in the manner of Capability Brown. The naturalistic setting of Sir Edward's Lake south of the house was designated a Site of Nature Conservation Importance in 1983 for the wintering and breeding wildfowl it harbours.
Two miles north-east of the village is East Shaftoe Hall, a mostly 16th century house, much altered in the 17th and 18th centuries, which incorporates a pele tower dating from the late 13th or early 14th century.
- Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics
- Hugill, Robert (1931). Road Guide to Northumberland and The Border. Newcastle upon Tyne, England: Andrew Reid & Company, Limited. p. 17.
- National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland, 1868.
- Dated contract, noted in Colvin, sv. "Robert Trollope".
- East Shaftoe Hall at British Listed Buildings Online
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