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Brown-brown is a form of powdered cocaine mixed with smokeless gunpowder (not "black powder"). Smokeless powder often contains nitroglycerine, a drug prescribed for heart conditions, which most likely causes vasodilation, allowing the cocaine to move more freely through the body. This in turn allows for a more intense high. Also, it may refer to heroin. It was reportedly given to child soldiers in West African armed conflicts.
In media and culture
- Ishmael Beah describes using brown-brown and other drugs while he was a child soldier in Sierra Leone, in his memoir, A Long Way Gone.
- In Elmore Leonard's Road Dogs, Foley describes brown-brown as a "mixture of cocaine and gunpowder," which would make a person "turn numb and stay awake for days."
- Use of the drug is depicted by Nicolas Cage's character, Yuri Orlov, in the 2005 film Lord of War.
- It is also portrayed being used by Liberian child soldiers during their preparations for a combat/assault mission in the 2008 French/Liberian film Johnny Mad Dog.
- In 1000 Ways to Die episode 4.5, titled "Killing Them Softly" (2011), Tomo, a Sierra Leonean warlord, dies after snorting brown-brown with diamond dust in it, which cut through the lining of his lungs breaching arteries and blood vessels.
- Brown brown is discussed in multiple episodes of the anime Shin Chan (dubbed by Funimation) throughout Season 3. Mitzi's sister Bitzi is addicted to the substance, spending $5000 on it in between episodes 63 and 64.
- FAFO (2005). "Alcohol and Drug Consumption in Post War Sierra Leone - An Exploration".
- Ishmael Beah (January 14, 2007). "The Making, and Unmaking, of a Child Soldier". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved February 19, 2007.
- "Trigger Happy". Sydney Morning Herald. February 17, 2006. Retrieved February 19, 2007.
- "Liberia's Psychiatric Wasteland For Ex-Child Soldiers". Mail & Guardian Online. January 15, 2009. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
- 1000 Ways to Die: "Killing Them Softly (Blood Diamonds)". Spike. March 9, 2011. Retrieved November 27, 2011.
- "Killing Them Softly". 1000 Ways to Die (IMDb). 2011.
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