|— City —|
|• Mayor||Brian Wyndham (D)|
|• Total||3.06 sq mi (7.93 km2)|
|• Land||3.03 sq mi (7.85 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)|
|Elevation||656 ft (200 m)|
|• Estimate (2011)||8,073|
|• Density||2,611.2/sq mi (1,008.2/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0431462|
Brazil is a city in Clay County, Indiana, United States. The population was 7,912 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Clay County. It is part of the Terre Haute Metropolitan Statistical Area. The current chief executive of Brazil is Mayor Brian Wyndham (Democrat).
In the 1840s, the owners of the farm which would later originate the city of Brazil decided to name their farm after the country of Brazil, because that country was often the subject of news at the time. The city was founded in 1866 under the name of that farm. As of now, Brazil is a part of the Terre Haute Metropolitan Statistical Area. Clay county, which was formed in 1825, originally had Bowling Green as its county seat; the county seat was relocated to Brazil in 1876, following the city's incredible development.
The Chafariz dos Contos (Fountain of the tales) was given by the country of Brazil as a gift to the city, as a symbol of friendship, and was assembled in Forest Park in 1956. It is a replica of the original fountain located in Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais State Brazil, built in 1745.
Brazil is located at .(39.525030, -87.127380)
According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 3.06 square miles (7.9 km2), of which 3.03 square miles (7.8 km2) (or 99.02%) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.078 km2) (or 0.98%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 7,912 people, 3,154 households, and 2,018 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,611.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,008.2 /km2). There were 3,583 housing units at an average density of 1,182.5 per square mile (456.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.1% White, 0.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.
There were 3,154 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.0% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04.
The median age in the city was 36.2 years. 26% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 23.9% were from 45 to 64; and 14.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,188 people, 3,383 households, and 2,151 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,450.6 people per square mile (946.5/km²). There were 3,740 housing units at an average density of 1,119.3 per square mile (432.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.80% White, 0.64% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.61% of the population.
There were 3,383 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,902, and the median income for a family was $37,569. Males had a median income of $29,693 versus $20,215 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,123. About 10.7% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.
The government consists of a mayor and a city council. The mayor is elected in citywide vote. The city council consists of five members. Four are elected from individual districts. One is elected at-large.
The Brazil, Staunton, and Van Buren high schools were consolidated into Northview High School, which graduated its first class in 1985. Brazil High School replaced the original high school, built around 1906. Built in 1916, it was located on the southeast corner of SR59 and Kruzan, now occupied by the YMCA. Like many other Indiana schools, it was designed by the Terre Haute architectural firm of Johnson, Miller, and Miller.
The main street of Brazil is U.S. Highway 40, the historic National Road, which is referred to as National Avenue within Brazil. Due to frequent accidents on Interstate 70, five miles (8 km) to the south of the town and often under construction, police often re-route traffic through Brazil, which creates traffic problems on U.S. 40 and the north-south Indiana Highway 59 (Forest Avenue, which intersects U.S. 40).
Many of Brazil's streets are in disrepair and very bumpy. The original brick roadbed is visible in many places through the asphalt. Also evident in several sections are stretches of the original brick streets in excellent condition, fine testament to their design and construction. However, many intersections have no traffic control devices (stop/yield signs).
The annual Parke County Covered Bridge Festival often causes traffic problems on Indiana Highway 59.
Brazil's sewer/drainage system dates from the early 20th century. Even though large section of the sewer system were replaced in the late 20th century, a moderate rainstorm will cause the storm drain system to back up and flood town streets.
The Terre Haute, Brazil and Eastern Railroad was a short-line railroad that once ran a tourist excursion called the Beaver Creek Express between Brazil and Limedale. The line was dismantled after TBER entered bankruptcy and ceased operation on December 31, 1993.
Notable natives and residents
- Gerald Eades Bentley, scholar of Elizabethan theatre
- Johnnie Davis, musician, band leader
- George N. Craig, Governor of Indiana; Past National Commander of American Legion
- Ivan Fuqua, winner of gold medal in 4x400 m relay at the 1932 Summer Olympics
- Jimmy Hoffa, Union organizer
- Gayle Porter Hoskins, illustrator
- Orville Redenbacher, popcorn tycoon
- Henry Lee Summer, 80s pop singer
- Ralph Francis Stearley, Air Force General
- Stuart Randall, Actor: Sheriff Mort Corey on Laramie
- John Dugan, Actor
- Brazil Rotary’s Annual 4th of July Festival
- Clay County Popcorn Festival (First Weekend in October)
- Christmas in the Park Celebration (Day after Thanksgiving until Dec 26th)
- Parke County Covered Bridge Festival (15 miles north of Brazil) (Starts second Friday in October, lasts two weeks)
- Cory Apple Festival, Cory, IN. 15 Miles SW of Brazil in Clay County. (Last Full Weekend of September, Friday - Sunday)
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "(Portuguese)[[Category:Articles with Portuguese language external links]] BBC Brasil, Economia e Iraque dividem votos na cidade Brazil". October 2004. Retrieved 2008-05-12. Wikilink embedded in URL title (help)
- "Brazil Public Library, Library History". Retrieved 2008-05-12.
- "Brazil, Indiana Facts".
- "Chafariz Dos Contos Fountain". Retrieved 2008-05-12.
- "Wings Fountain".
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Indiana". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- FAA Airport Master Record for 0I2 ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 30 June 2011.