Blessed Sacrament Catholic Church, Hollywood
|Church of the Blessed Sacrament|
|Location||6657 Sunset Boulevard
Hollywood, CA 90028
|Dedicated||Church building dedicated June 1928|
|Architect(s)||Thomas Franklin Power|
|Diocese||Archdiocese of Los Angeles|
|Division||Our Lady of the Angels Pastoral Region|
|Bishop(s)||Edward W. Clark|
Blessed Sacrament Catholic Church is a parish in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles located on Sunset Boulevard in the heart of Hollywood, California. The church today serves an urban, multiethnic community and is known for, among other things, its gay and lesbian ministry and its many outreach programs, including programs to assist the poor. Founded in 1904, the parish was the home parish for many actors during the classic Hollywood era of the 1920s through the 1950s, including Bing Crosby, John Ford, Irene Dunne, Loretta Young, Ricardo Montalban and Ann Blyth. The Italian Renaissance church, built in 1928, but not completed until 1954, received a historic preservation grant in 2000 for the J. Paul Getty Trust and is considered one of the most beautiful churches in the Los Angeles Archdiocese.
Blessed Sacrament Church was formed in 1904, and the first church, which accommodated 250 people, was built on Hollywood Boulevard (then called Prospect Ave). As the movie business developed in the 1910s, the population of Hollywood increased dramatically. By 1919, the old church was "literally bursting at the seams every Sunday." Enrollment at the parish school also jumped from 17 students in 1915 to 140 in 1919.
Move to Sunset Boulevard
In 1921, the parish paid $75,000 for the land on Sunset Boulevard that is the current home of the church. Benefiting from a Hollywood real estate boom, the church later sold its existing property on Hollywood Boulevard for $300,000.
The new church and school on Sunset Boulevard were designed by Thomas Franklin Power. Power designed the Blessed Sacrament School, which opened in 1923, in an Italian Renaissance style. When the new school opened, its enrollment was 370 students. Power next turned his attention to the new church, which he adapted from the Basilican style of the Italian Renaissance style. The roof, however, was made of tile instead of the flat roof typical of Roman churches. Power designed the interior with flanking arches to be reminiscent of the San Paolo and St. Clement Basilicas in Rome. The new church was dedicated in June 1928. With its 223-foot chimes tower, ornate exterior and seating for 1,400 people, Blessed Sacrament quickly became a Hollywood landmark.
Completion of the church interior
Though the structure was completed in 1928, completion of the interior decoration and ornamentation was delayed when the Great Depression began in 1929. One interior element that did move forward during the Depression was the Stations of the Cross. Noted Italian artist, Carlo Wostry, had been hired to paint murals at St. Andrew's Catholic Church in Pasadena, and was also hired to paint the Stations of the Cross at Blessed Sacrament. Wostry began working on the Stations in Italy in 1930 and finished them in 1932. It was not until 1951 that architect, J. Earl Trudeau, was hired to complete the interior design. Trudeau said he "chose a rather simpler treatment, featuring economy of means both in the artistic and economic senses." The interior work was finally completed in early 1954.
Father McCoy: pastor from 1932 to 1957
The parish's longest-serving pastor was Father Cornelius McCoy, who was pastor for 25 years from 1932 to. 1957. He took over the parish in the middle of the Great Depression and oversaw the completion of the church. When he stepped down as pastor in 1957, the parish had 6,000 members.
Economic decline and violence
In recent decades, the Hollywood area has experienced an economic decline, with large numbers of homeless and poor people living in the area. A low point for the parish came in October 1987, when a gunman opened fire into a crowd of hundreds attending the church's carnival, spraying the area with bullets. Two adults and two children (a 15-year-old and a 9-year-old) were wounded in gunfire.
Repentant lingerie looter
In 1992, the church drew national media attention after a repentant man who had looted the "Frederick's of Hollywood" lingerie museum during the Los Angeles riots delivered a bag of pilfered celebrity lingerie, including Ava Gardner's "bloomers" and a push-up bra once worn by TV actress Katey Sagal, to the church's pastor, Father Bob Fambrini. An Austin newspaper noted that Father Fambrini "may be the only priest in America to ever comfort a man who felt guilty about stealing celebrity bloomers." The St. Louis Post-Dispatch noted that such an "uplifting story could only happen in Hollywood."
Getty preservation grant
In July 2000, Blessed Sacrament was one of 20 Los Angeles landmarks to receive a "Preserve L.A." grant from the J. Paul Getty Trust for the preservation of historic buildings and sites throughout Los Angeles County.
Father Falvey priest abuse scandal
In May 2007, The Jesuit order agreed to pay $16 million to settle claims that one of its priests, Father Mark Falvey, sexually molested four girls and five boys between 1959 and 1975 at Blessed Sacrament. Falvey was an assistant pastor at Blessed Sacrament from 1959 until his death in 1975. Falvey was never charged with a crime. A Jesuit representative said he agreed with the plaintiffs' lawyer that "Father Falvey was not handled correctly by the Jesuit order", and that he "should have been removed from ministry" after the first victim.
In 2004, Cardinal Roger Mahony presided at the parish's 100th anniversary Mass, which was celebrated in three languages (English, Spanish and Tagalog). Cardinal Mahony noted the parish's long tradition of outreach to the Hollywood community, especially the poor and homeless. He praised those efforts: "I am proud of you because you have done this well. It helps us identify with what Jesus is calling us to in today's Gospel." Cardinal Mahony also thanked the Society of Jesus for their long history of service to the parish, and the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart, whose religious community staffed the school for many decades.
Connections with the movie business
Early ties to Hollywood
Located in the heart of Hollywood, Blessed Sacrament has had close ties to the movie industry in its early years. As early as June 1916, the "popular stars of filmdom" were giving their time and talents gratis for a three-act burlesque on the "old-time melodrama" and novel specialty numbers.
When the parish needed funds to build a new church in the 1920s, the movie industry, which often used the church as a shooting location, again offered its help. The movie studios including Universal and Keystone helped the parish raise funds for the new church, providing actors and equipment for the church's fundraising events. In October 1926, the Los Angeles Times reported that Blessed Sacrament was holding the "biggest bazaar ever held in cinema town, with the co-operation of practically the entire motion-picture industry" to raise funds for the new church. The Times noted that the bazaar was housed under a canvas top, "with gaily decorated booths, gorgeous articles donated by the motion-picture stars, and by wealth persons engaged in other industries."
The parish's history reports that the church was so central to the early movie business that the first professional organization for Hollywood's screen writers and actors (precursor to the Writers and Screen Actors Guilds) was formed at the church.
Blessed Sacrament was also the site of "the annual parade of Catholic movie stars" (including Loretta Young, Irene Dunne, and Ricardo Montalban) into church for Cardinal James Francis McIntyre's annual Communion breakfast for the entertainment industry. It was held during Lent so the industry's Catholics could also make their Easter duty.
Celebrity weddings and funerals
With its location in the heart of Hollywood, Blessed Sacrament was for years the home parish to many noted actors. It was also the site of many celebrity funerals and weddings, including the following:
- In September 1930, Bing Crosby was married to his first wife, 18-year-old Dixie Lee, at Blessed Sacrament Church.
- In September 1934, the funeral for singer Russ Columbo (who was accidentally shot by a vintage gun assumed to be unloaded) was held at Blessed Sacrament, with Bing Crosby, Gilbert Roland and Zeppo Marx serving as pallbearers.
- In 1941, German writer Alfred Döblin, who was from a Jewish background but had not previously been religious, was baptized at Blessed Sacrament.
- In 1956, John Wayne's daughter, Toni, was married at Blessed Sacrament in a ceremony presided over by Cardinal James Francis McIntyre. More than 500 guests, including Bob Hope, Ann Blyth, and Loretta Young attended.
- John Wayne's other daughter, Melinda Ann, was also married at Blessed Sacrament in a ceremony attended by Cesar Romero, Jeanne Crain, Irene Dunne, and Loretta Young. During the ceremony, Melinda started teetering at her kneeling bench, and the Duke saw his daughter in trouble and dashed from his pew to her side, catching her just as she began to fall from a fainting spell. A priest brought a chair and she sat throughout the rest of the Mass.
- In October 1959, the funeral of actor-singer, Mario Lanza, was held at Blessed Sacrament. Some 1,500 people attended the funeral including Kathryn Grayson and Zsa Zsa Gabor.
- In November 1960, the funeral for Mack Sennett, innovator in slapstick comedy and known as the "King of Comedy" during his lifetime, was held at Blessed Sacrament.
- In June 1962, actor Brian Kelly (the father on the 1960s TV series "Flipper" was married to actress Laura Devon at Blessed Sacrament.
- Father Donald Merrifield, the first president of Loyola Marymount University, was ordained a Roman Catholic Jesuit priest at Blessed Sacrament Catholic Church in 1965.
- In October 1972, the funeral for actor, Leo G. Carroll, featured in many movies of the 1930s-1950s, including several directed by Alfred Hitchcock, star of the "Topper" series, and memorable as "Mr Waverly" of "The Man from U.N.C.L.E." TV spy series was held at Blessed Sacrament.
- In November 1972, the funeral for Rudolf Friml, composer of music for operettas such as Rose Marie and The Vagabond King was held there.
- In September 1973, the funeral for John Ford, Hollywood's most honored film director, was held at Blessed Sacrament. Ford's funeral was conducted by Cardinal Timothy Manning and attended by many of Hollywood's most famous personalities, including John Wayne, James Stewart, Charlton Heston, Henry Fonda, Frank Capra, William Wyler, Pat O'Brien, Loretta Young and Cesar Romero. Ford's biographer noted that the bronze doors to the church were donated by Ford.
- In August 1986, the funeral for actor Lorenzo Tucker, known as the "Black Valentino" in the 1920s and 1930s, was held at Blessed Sacrament.
Blessed Sacrament has also been used as a shooting location for movies and television, including:
- An episode of "ER" in which James Cromwell plays a bishop presiding at an ordination ceremony. Real-life Jesuits, novice Julio Lingad and Jim Siwicki, the director of the church's social services, appeared in the scene as transitional deacons.
- A scene in the film, "L.A. Confidential."
- A battle with "G-Man" in 1957's "Teenage Monster", aka "Meteor Monster", was shot on the steps of Blessed Sacrament Church.
- Rev. William Forde, 1913–1914
- Rev. William Deeney, S.J., 1914-1915 (first Jesuit pastor)
- Rev. George Butler, S.J., 1915–1916
- Rev. John Hayes, S.J., 1916–1919
- Rev. Hugh Gallagher, S.J., 1919–1920
- Rev. Daniel Stack, S.J., 1920–1925
- Rev. John McHugh, S.J., 1925–1930
- Rev. John Ward, S.J., 1930–1932
- Rev. Cornelius McCoy, S.J., 1932 - 1957 (longest serving pastor with 25 years)
- Rev. Harold Ring, S.J., 1957–1963
- Rev. Joseph Carroll, S.J., 1963–1966
- Rev. Donald Kolda, S.J., 1966–1967
- Rev. Joseph O'Gara, S.J., 1967–1970
- Rev. Karl Von der Ahe, S.J., 1970–1978
- Rev. Joseph Keane, S.J., 1978–1982
- Rev. William Thom, S.J., 1982–1987
- Rev. Edward Callanan, S.J., 1987–1990
- Rev. Robert Fambrini, S.J., 1990–1994
- Rev. Anastacio Rivera, S.J., 1994–1998
- Rev. Michael Mandala, S.J., 1998-
- "Hollywood Church Starts Its Golden Jubilee Today". Los Angeles Times. 1954-10-15.
- "Catholics Celebrate Church's 50th Birthday: Cardinal McIntyre Presides at Mass at Hollywood Blessed Sacrament Anniversary". Los Angeles Times. 1954-10-18.
- "Hollywood: Consecration Service; Republican Rally". Los Angeles Times. 1904-10-23.
- "TO DEDICATE FINE CHURCH". Los Angeles Times. 1904-10-22.
- Kathy Tracy (2004). "Blessed Sacrament Parish History - 2004 Centennial Edition". Blessed Sacrament Catholic Church.
- "CATHOLICS PLAN EDIFICE: Construction to Start January 1 on Church for Parish of Blessed Sacrament in Hollywood". Los Angeles Times. 1925-12-13.
- "Hollywood Church Will Hold First Open House: Blessed Sacrament Priests and Nuns to Act as Guides for Sunday Visitors". Los Angeles Times. 1967-05-20.
- "Farewell Banquet Held for Hollywood Pastor: The Rev. Cornelius J. McCoy of Blessed Sacrament Church Honored by Over 700". Los Angeles Times. 1957-10-07.
- "Gunfire Wounds 4 at L.A. Church". San Jose Mercury News. 1987-10-12.
- Richard Holguin (1987-10-12). "Boy, 14, Killed, 7 Wounded in Compton, Hollywood Shootings". Los Angeles Times.
- Seth Mydans (2002-05-06). "AFTER THE RIOTS; Confessions of a Star-Struck Looter". The New York Times.
- Connie Cass (1992-05-06). "LA Police take more heat; Unrest declared at an end". Fort Worth Star-Telegram.
- Steve Harvey (2002-05-02). "Los Angeles; ONLY IN L.A.; Bird? Bone? Front Window? Maybe the Perpetrator Suffered a Vertigo Attack". Los Angeles Times.
- "AN ODD HAUL FINDS ITS WAY TO L.A. POLICE OUT OF REMORSE AND FEAR, PEOPLE ARE RETURNING WHAT WAS TAKEN". Philadelphia Inquirer. 2002-05-06.
- John Kelso (1992-05-09). "Famous lingerie part of the job for priest at Hollywood church". Austin American-Statesmen.
- Elaine Viets (1992-05-20). "Support Is Generous For Bra Museum". St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
- Eric Malnic (2000-07-28). "Getty Trust Gives $1.4 Million to Preserve 20 Landmark Sites". Los Angeles Times.
- John Spano (2007-05-18). "Jesuits agree to sex case payout; Nine people who say they were molested by Father Mark Falvey between 1959 and 1975 will divide $16 million from the order". Los Angeles Times.
- Sister Nancy Munro, CSJ (2004-10-08). "Blessed Sacrament celebrates 100 years". The Tidings.
- "Blessed Sacrament Benefit for Church: Vaudeville Performance, Third in a Series, is Given by Film Folk at Parish Hall: 'Movie' of Religious Ceremonial Among Features". Los Angeles Times. 1916-07-04.
- "History Invests Church Festival: Hollywood Visit of Father Junipero Serra Recalled". Los Angeles Times. 1926-10-10.
- Arthur Jones (2002-11-08). "Hollywood veterans keep the faith with fellow industry Catholics". National Catholic Reporter.
- Anne Morris (2004-02-01). "Ba-Da-Bing". Austin American-Statesman.
- "Russ Columbo Funeral; Services Held in Hollywood Church for Radio Singer". The New York Times. 1934-09-07.
- Max Pierce. "Russ Columbo: Hollywood's Tragic Crooner". Classic Images.
- Bernhardt, Oliver. Alfred Döblin (In German). Munich, DTV, 2007. Page 132.
- George Carpozi Jr. (1972). The John Wayne Story, p. 165. Arlington House.
- George Carpozi Jr. (1972). The John Wayne Story, pp. 203-204. Arlington House.
- "Mario Lanza's Parents Weep at Last Rites". Los Angeles Times. 1959-10-21.
- Armando Cesari (2004). Mario Lanza: An American Tragedy, p. 285. Baskerville. ISBN 1-880909-66-9.
- "200 Attend Rites for Sennett". The New York Times. 1960-11-09.
- "Brian Kelly Weds Actress". The New York Times. 1962-06-26.
- "Past Loyola Marymount head Father Donald Merrifield fed Ala Moana Park’s homeless". Hawaii Catholic Herald. 2010-03-04. Retrieved 2010-03-10.
- "LEO G, CARROLL, ACTOR, 80, DEAD; Star of 'Topper' TV Series Was on Stage and Screen". The New York Times. 1972-10-19.
- "Rudolf Friml Dead in Hollywood at 92; Hits included 'Vagabond King' and 'Rose Marie' Wrote 'Indian Love Call,' Other Noted Songs". The New York Times. 1972-11-14.
- "Funeral for John Ford Set on Coast Wednesday". The New York Times. 1973-09-02. Retrieved 2010-04-26.
- "Rosary Recitation Set for John Ford". Los Angeles Times. 1973-09-02.
- Joseph McBride, Michael Wilmington (1975). John Ford, pp. 11-12. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-80016-0.
- Burt A. Folkart (1986-08-21). "Lorenzo Tucker, `Black Valentino,' Dies". Los Angeles Times.
- "At First Glance . . .". minims and maxims.
- "Filming locations for L.A. Confidential". imdb.com.
- "Teen Terror Collection". DVD Savant.
- "Pastors 1904-2004". Church of the Blessed Sacrament.
- "OVERWORK ENDS PRIEST'S LIFE: FOUNDER HOLLYWOOD CATHOLIC CHURCH DIES IN EAST; Pastor of Blessed Sacrament Parish--Went to Chicago Seeking Much-Needed Rest--Heart Failure Superinduced by Labor Among His Flock Causes Demise". Los Angeles Times. 1913-06-10.
- "IMPRESSIVE LAST RITES: Late Pastor and Founder of Church of Blessed Sacrament, Hollywood, Laid at Rest". Los Angeles Times. 1913-06-17.
- "Services Set Tuesday for Father McCoy". Los Angeles Times. 1965-07-18.
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