Bernard Gordon (VC)
|Bernard Sidney Gordon|
|Born||16 August 1891
Launceston, Tasmania, Australia
|Died||19 October 1963
Torquay, Queensland, Australia
|Service/branch||Australian Imperial Force|
|Years of service||1915–1919|
Bernard Sidney Gordon VC, MM (16 August 1891 – 19 October 1963) was an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross during the First World War, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
First World War
Gordon was 27 years old, and acting as a lance corporal in the 41st Battalion, Australian Imperial Force when, during the First World War Battle of Amiens, the following deeds leading to him being awarded the Military Medal occurred.
On the 8/8/18 during the attack east of Hamel Pte Gordon single-handedly attacked a machine gun crew which was holding up his section. He killed the crew and captured the gun. Later on in the day he stalked and killed an enemy sniper. Throughout the operation he displayed much bravery and devotion to duty. Brigadier General J.H. Cannan, 11th Brigade AIF
This action occurred on the "Black Day" of the German Army, in which the Australian Corps destroyed their opposition. As a result of this, on 9 August 1918 the Canadian Corps advance lead to a general retreat by the German troops. The Australian 3rd Division continued to advance toward the bend in the River Somme. During this period the following action, for which Gordon was awarded the Victoria Cross, took place:
During the operations of the 26/27th August 1918 East of Bray this N.C.O showed most conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in the face of the enemy. He led his Section through heavy enemy shelling to the objective which he consolidated. Then single handed he attacked an enemy machine gun which was enfilading the Company on his right, killing the man on the gun and captured the post which contained one Officer (a Captain) and 10 men. After handing these over at Company Headquarters he returned alone to the old system of trenches, in which were many machine guns, entered a C.T. and proceeded to mop it up, returning with 15 prisoners in one squad and 14 in an other, together with two machine guns. Again he returned to the system, this time with a T.M. gun and crew, and proceeded to mop up a further portion of the trench, bringing in 22 prisoners including one Officer and 3 Machine guns. This last capture enabled the British troops on our left to advance, which they had not been able to do owing to Machine Gun fire from these posts. His total captures were thus 2 Officers and 61 other ranks, together with 6 machine guns, and with the exception of the Trench Mortar assistance it was absolutely an individual effort and done entirely on his own initiative. Brigadier General J.H. Cannan, 11th Brigade AIF
Gordon was wounded on 1 September 1918 (Bouchavesnes Spur – Battle of Mont St Quentin). He was evacuated and sent to England on 4 September 1918, where he was awarded the Military Medal on 15 September 1918. He was not awarded the Victoria Cross until 20 December 1918 (after the Armistice), the citation for which states:
His Majesty the KING has been graciously pleased to approve the award of the Victoria Cross to the undermentioned Officers, N.C.O.'s and Men:-
No.23 L/Cpl. Bernard Sidney Gordon, M.M, 41st Bn., A.I.F.
For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty on the 26/27th August, 1918, east of Bray.
He led his section through heavy shell fire to the objective, which he consolidated. Single-handed he attacked an enemy machine gun which was enfilading the company on his right, killed the man on and captured the post, which contained one officer and ten men. He then cleared up a trench, capturing twenty-nine prisoners and two machine guns. In clearing up further trenches he captured twenty-two prisoners, including one officer and three machine guns.
Practically unaided, he captured, in the course of these operations, two officers and sixty-one other ranks, together with six machine guns, and displayed throughout a wonderful example of fearless initiative. 
Honours and awards
|Victoria Cross||Awarded for Gallantry over the period 27/28 August 1918|
|Military Medal||Awarded for Gallantry during the Battle of Amiens on 8 August 1918|
|British War Medal 1914-18||Awarded for Operational Service between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918|
|Victory Medal 1914-19||Awarded to commemorate the Allied Victory in the First World War|
|King George VI Coronation Medal||Awarded to a selected number of Australian/Imperial Citizens to commemorate the Coronation of King George VI on 12 May 1937|
|Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal||Awarded to a selected number of Australian/Imperial Citizens to commemorate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II on 2 June 1953|
Sale of his medal
Gordon's Victoria Cross was sold at auction in Sydney on 28 November 2006 for A$478,000. The medal was sold by one of Gordon's daughters, who needed money to keep the family farm in operation. The VC was purchased by an agent of media tycoon Kerry Stokes, the same man who paid a world record price of A$1,214,500 in July 2006 for the VC awarded to Alfred Shout, A$180,000 for the George Cross of Lieutenant Commander George Gosse, and in conjunction with the South Australian Government, the VC of Major Peter Badcoe. All four medals are on display in the Australian War Memorial.
- London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31082. pp. 15117–15118. 26 December 1918. Retrieved 27 October 2011.
- Victoria Cross & Medal Entitlements of L/Cpl Bernard Sidney Gordon, 41st Btn AIF (http://www.victoriacross.org.uk/bbgordon.htm)
- Lot 205, An Important World War 1 Victoria Cross to Lance Corporal Bernard Sidney Gordon 41st Battalion A.I.F., 28 November 2006, bonhamsandgoodman.com.au