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Benjamin Franklin Trueblood (1847-1916) was an American pacifist who served the American Peace Society for 23 years. In this role, he functioned as the official public spokesperson and representative of the Society. He served as editor of the Society's journal, The Advocate of Peace which contained numerous articles by Trueblood.
Trueblood was present at the 1899 Hague Peace Conference, and arrived there on May 21, 1899 - three days after its opening, according to the Memoirs of Bertha von Suttner. He was one of the earliest members of the American Society of International Law, being elected to the executive council of ASIL in 1905. He translated Immanuel Kant's Perpetual Peace and authored numerous books and pamphlets. Trueblood's book "Federation of the World" contains his two Adin Ballou lectures. He was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1913.