T. N. Gill, 1858
There are currently five recognized species in this genus: 
Batrochoglanis species are known and distributed throughout the Amazon basin, rivers of the Ecuadorian and Colombian Pacific coast, the northern region of South America, and the Paraguay River basin.B. acanthochiroides is distributed in the Catatumbo River basin of the Maracaibo basin.B. melanurus is only known from its type locality in the Paraguay River basin of Brazil.B. raninus is found in the Amazon River basin, Guyana, and French Guiana.B. transmontanus originates from Baudó, San Juan, Patía and Durango river basins.B. villosus is found in the Demerara River of the Essequibo basin, Orinoco, and Amazon River basins.
Species of this genus have rounded, wider than deep bodies; large heads, rounded in dorsal view; pelvic fins originating at vertical line through the end of the dorsal fin; short caudal peduncles, with caudal fin procurrent rays close to adipose and anal fins; emarginated caudal fins, with rounded lobes, or completely rounded; incomplete lateral lines, sometimes surpassing the adipose-fin end, but never reaching the caudal fin.
Three color patterns of the caudal fin in Batrochoglanis species are known. The first pattern, in B. raninus, B. transmontanus and B. acanthochiroides, is a light caudal fin, with a dark band on the posterior third. The second pattern, in B. villosus, is a light caudal fin, with dark dots irregularly distributed. The third pattern, found in B. melanurus, has the caudal fin completely dark. The coloration pattern is useful for separating species, but apparently does not allow inferences about phylogenetic relationships to be safely made, since this character is widespread in this family.
B. acanthochiroides, the largest species, grows to 80.0 centimetres (31 in) TL.B. melanurus has a maximum length of 13.7 cm (5.39 in) SL.B. raninus reaches a length of 20.0 (7.87 in) SL.B. transmontanus grows to a length of 25.0 cm (9.84 in) TL.B. villosus reaches a length of 14.8 cm (5.83 in) TL.
B. transmontanus is recorded to live in rivers.B. raninus commonly occurs in creeks as well as in rivers. It is found in very shady, deep zones of rivers where the current is slow, the bottom is shady, and the gravel is covered with plant debris. During the day, B. raninus lies hidden under branches or rocks. It hunts by stalking, swallowing prey within its range. When young, B. raninus feeds on micro-crustaceans and aquatic insect larvae, then shifts its diet to fishes of notable size.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species of Batrochoglanis in FishBase. February 2012 version.
- Shibatta, Oscar Akio; Pavanelli, Carla Simone (2005). "Description of a new Batrochoglanis species (Siluriformes, Pseudopimelodidae) from the rio Paraguai basin, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil" (PDF). Zootaxa 1092: 21–30.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2007). "Batrochoglanis acanthochiroides" in FishBase. June 2007 version.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2007). "Batrochoglanis raninus" in FishBase. June 2007 version.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2007). "Batrochoglanis transmontanus" in FishBase. June 2007 version.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2007). "Batrochoglanis villosus" in FishBase. June 2007 version.