|— City —|
|Motto: " Batam , Menuju Bandar Dunia yang Madani "
(Batam, towards a civil global city)
|• Mayor||Drs. H.Ahmad Dahlan|
|• Total||715 km2 (276 sq mi)|
|Population (April 2012)|
|• Density||1,600/km2 ( 4,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||WIB (UTC+7)|
|Area code(s)||+62 778|
Batam is both an island, municipality, and largest city (on the island) in Riau Islands Province of Indonesia. It is a Free Trade Zone, as part of the Sijori Growth Triangle, and is located 20 km (12 mi) off Singapore's south coast. The 715 km² (276 miles²) municipality, almost identical in size to Singapore, has a population of 1,153,860 (Civil Registry Survey April 2012).
Batam is located west of Bintan Island, south of Singapore, north of Rempang and east of Bulan Island. The Riau Strait (Selat Riau) separates Batam and Bintan. Batam has Tropical rainforest climate with average temperatures between 26-32°C. Humidity in the region ranges from 73% to 96%. The region has a wet season from November to April and a dry season from May to October. Average annual rainfall is around 2,600 mm.
The local governmental offices are in Batam Centre. The largest community on the island is Lubuk Baja (formerly known as Nagoya). Other residential area include Baloi Garden, Sekupang, Nongsapura (Nongsa), Waterfront City (Teluk Senimba), Batu Ampar, Jodoh.
- Batam Kota (central city)
- Lubuk Baja
- Batu Ampar
- Belakang Padang
- Sungai Beduk
- Batu Aji
Beginning in the 1970s, the island underwent a significant transformation from a largely forested area into a major harbor and industrial zone. Shipbuilding and electronics manufacturing are important industries on the island. Being close to ports of Singapore increases the speed for goods shipping and product distribution which benefits the island's economy, with lower labour costs and special government incentives, it is the site of many factories operated by foreign companies.
Under a framework signed in June 2006, Batam, along with parts of neighboring Bintan and Karimun, are a part of a Special Economic Zone with Singapore; this zone eliminates tariffs and value-added taxes for goods shipped between Batam and Singapore.
Most foreign tourists, including those from Japan, China, Taiwan, Korea, the United States, Germany and the Netherlands, enter the island by ferries from HarbourFront Centre in Singapore. In 2010, approximately 58 percent of foreign tourists came from Singapore, and 13 percent from Malaysia. Batam has many brothels and is known for its seedy nightlife. Batam has recently been exposed as a major facilitator of the controversial ivory trade.
The local ferry terminal ports connect to nearby Singapore and Bintan, and provides routes to Johor Bahru (Malaysia). There are five ferry terminals on the island: Harbourbay, Nongsapura Ferry Terminal, Sekupang, Waterfront City and Batam Centre International Ferry Terminal.
Batam Botanical Garden
In October 2009, a memorandum of understanding has been signed by Batam Authority and Bogor Botanical Garden Director. In 2013, 84 hectares land in Nongsa has been appointed for Batam Botanical Garden location. It will be shore plant conservation area with 80 endemic plants, especially bintangor which useful for medicine.
- "Indonesia President inaugurates Batam free trade zone". Xinhua General News Service. Jan 19 2009.
- Teo, Laurel (May 19, 2007). "Indon SEZ rules ready by end-May; Setting of a deadline likely to please potential investors". The Business Times Singapore.
- Singaporeans constitute 57 pct of tourists in Batam
- Airports in Indonesia
- "Batam Akan Bangun Kebun Raya untuk Resapan". April 1, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Batam|