Bandhua Mukti Morcha
Bandhua Mukti Morcha (BMM) or Bonded Labour Liberation Front (BLLF) is a non-governmental organisation in India working to end bonded labour. Based in New Delhi, it was founded in 1981 by Swami Agnivesh who continues as its chairman.
Bonded labour was legally abolished in India in 1976 but it remains prevalent, with weak enforcement of the law by state governments. Estimates of the problem vary. Official figures include a 1993 estimate of 251,000 bonded labourers while BMM says there are 65 million bonded child labourers, and a larger number of adults. A 2003 project by Human Rights Watch has reported a major problem with bonded child labour in the silk industry
BMM's efforts are credited with the passing of legislation to abolish child labour in India (the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986. This followed a 1984 Supreme Court decision in a case brought by BMM. Other cases on bonded labour brought to the Supreme Court by BMM have also extended the interpretation of the Constitution in areas of human rights.
- Iqbal Masih (1983–1995), spokesman for BMM from 1993–1995.
- Bachpan Bachao Andolan (South Asian Coalition on Child Servitude)
- Statement by observer for India to the United Nations Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery (para 81), report September 7, 2006
- SMALL CHANGE: Bonded Child Labor in India's Silk Industry, Human Rights Watch, January 2003 accessed at  September 7, 2006
- Bandhua Mukti Morcha v. Union of India, 1984 SC 802 cited (p.39) in T.C.A. Anant and N.L. Mitra, The Role of Law and Legal Institutions in Asian Economic Development: The Case of India, Patterns of Change in the Legal System and Socio-Economy, Development Discussion Paper No. 662, November 1998, Harvard Institute for International Development accessed at  September 7, 2006
- Cited (p.2) S. Muralidhar, Implementation of Court Orders in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: An Overview of the Experience of the Indian Judiciary, IELRC Working Paper 2002-2 accessed at  September 7, 2006
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