Fürst composed this tune as the Badonviller March for the Royal Bavarian Infantry Guard Regiment. The title refers to fighting on 12 August 1914 near Badonviller (“Badenweiler”) in French Lorraine, where the Royal Bavarian Infantry Guard Regiment (Königlich Bayerisches Infanterie-Leib-Regiment) achieved a first victory against the French at the beginning of the First World War. The composer's lively two-tone entrance motif was by some accounts inspired by the duotonic sirens of field ambulances, with which the wounded were removed. This march is included in the Heeresmarsch as HM II, 256.
The march is often reported as Adolf Hitler's favourite, and was often played as the Führer's "entrance theme," if Hitler were to make an appearance somewhere. Also, in features from the National Socialist period or in newsreels (e.g. “Deutsche Wochenschau” etc.) the march was often pasted into the audio track as background music when appearances of Hitler were shown. However, Hitler is quoted in Traudl Junge's autobiography, Until the Final Hour, as denying that it was his favourite march, and was merely misconstrued that way because of a favourable remark he had made about it. It is subtitled as "The Fuhrer's favourite march" in The Triumph of the Will during the massive revue parade through Nuremberg by the end of the parade when the Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler marches through.
Recent popular culture
Scenes in Valkyrie include the Badenweiler Marsch being played as background music to Radio Berlin announcements about the status of Adolf Hitler. Also in the movie about Max Manus, German infantrymen play this march as they walk down 'Karl Johans Gate' in Oslo. The march is used in the 1979 film The Tin Drum, and in the 1996 film The Ogre.