Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (November 2011)|
|Fate||Merged into Chantiers de l'Atlantique (1955)|
|Headquarters||Nantes and Saint-Nazaire, France|
Ateliers et Chantiers de la Loire was a French shipbuilding company of the late 19th and early 20th century.
ACL was formed in 1881 in Nantes by Jollet Babin to take advantage of the expansion of the French Navy.
The River Loire was already a major site for shipbuilding, with Dubigeon at Nantes and Chantiers de Penhoët and Saint-Nazaire. In 1881 Babin set up his shipyard at Prairie du Lac, near the Dubigeon yard, and the following year, in 1882, a second yard at St Nazaire adjacent to the C. Penhoët yard. From the outset ACL focused on building warships for the French Navy, laying down capital ships at the St Nazaire site, closer to deep water, and medium–sized and small ships (cruisers, torpedo boats and, later, destroyers) at Nantes.
Before World War II, ACL co-operated with C. Penhoët in building two of France’s four battleships, and had contracts for another, and two aircraft carriers, but these were not completed.
Also in the inter-war years ACL diversified into naval aviation, forming an aircraft manufacturing division in 1925, which became Loire Aviation in 1930.
After World War II and a decline in shipbuilding, ACL developed its link with C. Penhoët, and the two companies merged in 1955 to form Chantiers de l'Atlantique.
- Condorcet, a Danton class battleship built in 1909
- Diderot, a Danton class battleship built in 1909
- France, a Courbet class battleship built in 1912
- Strasbourg, a Dunkerque class battleship built in conjunction with C. Penhoët in 1936
- Jean Bart, a Richelieu class battleship built in conjunction with C. Penhoët in 1939